ANTH2700E3 L1

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purplerubycrystal
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81321
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ANTH2700E3 L1
Updated:
2011-04-23 22:33:02
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ANTH2700E3 L1
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ANTH2700E3 L1
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  1. improved vision parts...3
    • bigger optic cortex
    • stereoscopic vision
    • color (cones)
  2. part of the brain where the optic nerves partially cross...
    optic chiasm
  3. prosimian optic setup...3
    • binocular but not stereoscopic
    • nerves connected to eye on same side
    • more smell brain
  4. anthropoid optic setup...6
    • eyes on front of head
    • overlapping visual fields
    • stereoscopic vision
    • depth perception
    • optic chiasm
    • less smell brain
  5. explain depth perception...5
    • right eye sees
    • sends signal to right ride first
    • sends signal to left side second
    • image is seen twice
    • processed as depth
  6. how many olfactory sensors in a dog?
    ...human?...
    • 250,000
    • 40,000
  7. the first wave of primates were...
    nocturnal
  8. german term for "sensory world"
    unvelt (phonetic spelling)
  9. why color vision?...
    • diurnal radiation
    • color of edible insects
    • fruit
    • color of deas branches/foliage
  10. where are the rod cells concentratred?..
    ...another name?...
    ...cones?...
    • along the edges of the retina
    • edge receptors
    • back and center
  11. different types of cones are sensitive to...
    ...what are the three colors?...
    • different frequencies of the visable spectrum
    • blue, green, and red
  12. what is the frequency range of the visual spectrum?
    ...what kind of light is above the visual spectrum?
    ...below?...
    • 400-700nm
    • UV light
    • infrared
  13. how big is a nanometer?
    the width of one hydrogen atom
  14. sight is a phenomena built around...
    ...hearing is built around...
    • electromagnetic energy
    • mechanical energy
  15. the moth and the bat change to eat and avoid being eaten. what two things are happening?
    • selection
    • counter selection
  16. audition process...5
    • moving air
    • amplitude
    • tympanic membrane
    • nerve ending
    • electrical energy
  17. ability to differentiate pitch...
    ...shows some...
    • frequency specific hearing
    • sexual dimorphism in humans
  18. what % of glucose does the brain comsume?
    30-40%
  19. phenomenon owed to displacement...
    imagination
  20. how many orders of mammals are there?
    18
  21. an organism whose internal temperature varies considerably. It is the opposite of a homeotherm; reptiles, amphibians...2
    • poikilotherm
    • behavioral thermoregulators
  22. reproductive strategy in with most of the energy in invested in offspring befor birth; numerous expendable offspring...
    r-strategic
  23. reproductive strategy; energy is invested in abundance after birth; less offspring...
    k-stragetic
  24. young born underdeveloped; need care from parents; primates are; learning required; k-strategic amimals...
    altricial
  25. early developers; horse; r-strategic; instintual...
    precocial
  26. why was is good to be a mammal after the horizon event on the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary?...2
    • because the climate cooled
    • mammals are homoethermic
    • smaller was better with limited environmental calories
  27. earliset mammals...3
    • subclass Prototheria
    • egg-layers
    • platapus/ant-eater
  28. 2nd class of mammals...3
    • subclass Metatheria
    • live young
    • marsupium
  29. last class of mammals...4
    • infraclass Eutheria
    • "happy"/"true" mammals
    • live born young
    • pendulous mammi
  30. built in/wireing cues/perfect
    instinct
  31. according to G.K., what happened to the great herds?
    ...according to archeology?...
    • their birthing cycles got out of sink with the seasons
    • overkill theory
  32. common tree shrew/proto-primate...3
    • Tupaia gils
    • insectivore
    • 2 brained animal
    • 3.1.4.3
  33. primates lost how many total incisors?
    ...molars?...
    • 4
    • 8
  34. compeditive exclusion
    ...effect?...
    • Gaussion competition
    • adaptive radiation
  35. changes that preceed the arborial radiation...8
    • new reproductive strategy
    • new diet
    • better vision
    • better hearing
    • better tactile sense
    • reduced olfaction
    • new locomotor patterns
    • new dental structure
  36. community programming; choice making process; propensity for error...
    learning
  37. oceanic pre-vertebrates...
    urachordates
  38. 1. (of an organism, e.g., a barnacle) Fixed in one place; immobile.
    sessile
  39. a flexible, rod-shaped body found in embryos of all chordates. It is composed of cells derived from the mesoderm and defines the primitive ...
    notochord
  40. the last animal in a linage before a split...
    stem ancestor
  41. plastic brain...2
    • terrestrial adaptation
    • learning behavior design
  42. yam stealing baboons where?...
    Taita, Kenya
  43. self-sacrifice for survival of the group...
    ...why?..3
    • altruism
    • highly inbred populations
    • kin selection
    • inclusive fittness
  44. extended childhood
    neotony

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