DRUGS

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Author:
jackiedh
ID:
81402
Filename:
DRUGS
Updated:
2011-04-24 10:22:35
Tags:
PHARMACOLOGY DRUGS
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KEEP IT SIMPLE
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  1. cimetidine
    histamine 2 blocker
  2. famotidine (Peptic AC)
    histamine 2 blocker
  3. what are the two histamine 2 blockers?
    • cimetidine
    • famotidine (Peptic AC)
  4. cimetidine and famotidine are both what blockers?
    histamine 2
  5. what proton pump inhibitor is MOST effective against GERD (sometimes with cicipride)?
    omeprazole (Prilosec)
  6. omeprazole is a ______ ______ ______ for what?
    proton pump inhibitor (for GERD)
  7. what is a prostoglandin analog - prevents ulcers is NSAID usage?
    misoprostol
  8. magnesium hydroxide
    aluminum hydroxide
    calcium carbonate
    sodium bicarbonate
    are all what?
    antacids - neutralize acid
  9. name four antacids (think hydroxide and carbonate)
    • magnesium hydroxide
    • aluminum hydroxide
    • calcium carbonate
    • sodium bicarbonate
  10. what is magnesium hydroxide?
    an antacid
  11. what is aluminum hydroxide?
    an antacid
  12. what is calcium carbonate?
    an antacid (may cause HYPERcalcemia)
  13. what is sodium bicarbonate?
    an antacid
  14. what is used for a colonoscopy? (laxative)
    magnesium citrate
  15. what drug blocks
    chemoreceptor trigger zone
    anti-nausea/vomiting
    extrapyrimidal effects?
    phenthiazine
  16. what is a cannabinoid used in chemo for anti-nausea and increased appetite?
    dronabinol (Marinol)
  17. cetrizine (Zyrtec)
    chloropheniramine maleate (Chlor-Trimeton)
    loratadine (Claratin)
    desloratadine (Clarinex)
    diphenhydramine hydrochloride (Benedryl)
    are all what?
    antihistamine - 1st trimester anti-nausea; contraindicated in 3rd
  18. which anti-histamine do you not use with erythromycin?
    loratadine (Claratin)
  19. which anti-histamine is used in sedation dentistry in children; decreases metabolism of drugs (problematic in elderly)?
    diphenhydramine (Benedryl)

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