DRUGS 4

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Author:
jackiedh
ID:
81480
Filename:
DRUGS 4
Updated:
2011-04-24 18:17:14
Tags:
PHARMACOLOGY DRUGS
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  1. what drug is a diuretic; potassium sparing and reduces volume overload?
    triamterine
  2. what are b adrenergic blocking agents
    decrease cardiac output
    caution with vasoconstriction
    NSAID contraindicated?
    which one is the prototype?
    • propanolol (prototype)
    • metaprolol
  3. what are calcium channel blockers, block vasoconstriction in smooth muscle of bv's
    not contraindicated with NSAID
    stomatitis
    xerostomia
    gingival enlargement? (4)
    • dilitiazem
    • amylodipine
    • verapamil
    • nifedipine
  4. what are ACEI's (think -pril!)
    inhibit conversion of angiotension
    vasodilation
    ADE dry cough
    allergic reaction
    hypotension
    disguesiz
    NSAID contraindication
    diabetes? 3
    • lisinopril
    • catopril
    • enalapril
  5. methimazole is an ____ _____ drug
    anti-thyroid
  6. hydralazine is a drug of choice for what?
    hypertension during pregnancy
  7. what is the prototype angiotensin 2 receptor inhibitor?
    losartan
  8. what is an alpha 1 adrenergic blocker; postural hypotension; dry cough, gingival hyperplasia?
    doxazosin
  9. what is an ANTI-XEROSTOMIA
    acts with hypertensives
    leads to hypotension?
    pilocarpine
  10. what anticoagulant prevents conversion of vit K to active form?
    warfarin (Coumadin)
  11. which anticoagulant is given in hospitals by injection only?
    heparin
  12. which 2 drugs are HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors; interact with macrolides; lipid lowering agents?
    • atorvastatin
    • niacin
  13. what is used to PREVENT angina?
    dinitrate (Isosorbide)
  14. what is an anti-platelet; no platelet aggretation?
    clopidogrel (Plavix)
  15. what are 4 benzodiazepines
    antianxiety
    sedative
    no antipsychotic, analgesic, or affect on ANS
    affect CNS; enhances inhibitory properties of GABA
    anticonvulsant?
    • diazepam (Valium)
    • lorazapam (Avitan)
    • alprozolam (Xanax) not for kids!
    • tranxene
  16. which is a benzodiazepine receptor antagonist
    no antagonist to vasoconstriction?
    flumezenil
  17. what benzodiazepine is used for children?
    midazolam
  18. what is a sedative vs hypnotic
    no analgesia
    calm and relax pt
    anti-epileptic
    ADE=increase metabolism of drugs
    CNS depressant- increase in elderly
    barbiturate
  19. what is a premed for children
    nonbarbituate sedative and hypnotic
    increase CNS depression with N20
    anti-anxiety?
    chloral hydrate
  20. what is a short acting barbituate?
    secobarbital (secondal) "seconds are short"

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