ch7 abdomen.txt

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ch7 abdomen.txt
2011-04-24 20:50:52

General Abdomen
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  1. Peritoneum
    The peritoneum is the double-walled serous membrane that lines the abdominal cavity.
  2. What are the 2 omentums, and their locations?
    Greater omentum � hangs from the greater curvature of the stomach over the intestines and attaches the stomach and spleen Lesser omentum � connects lesser curvature of the stomach and duodenum to the liver
  3. The layers are the:
  4. Visceral peritoneum � lines the organs
    Parietal peritoneum � lines the abdominal walls
  5. Specialized, double-layer folds in the peritoneum exist for specific functions. These are the:
    • Mesentery -Encases the intestines and attaches them to the abdominal wall
    • Omentum -Greater omentum and Lesser omentum
  6. Between the two layers is a small amount of:
    serous fluid that enables movement of the abdominal organs without friction.
  7. The folds of the peritoneum create potential spaces within the abdominal cavity. The peritoneal spaces are categorized into two compartments as follows:
    • Supracolic � located above the transverse colon
    • Infracolic � located below the transverse colon
  8. The retroperitoneum is the posterior compartment of the abdomen. The anterior lining is the peritoneum, with the posterior abdominal wall as the posterior border. The structures located in the retroperitoneum are the:
    :Kidneys Ascending colon Adrenal glands Descending colon Ureters Abdominal aorta Pancreas Inferior vena cava Duodenum