Biology

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Anonymous
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81533
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Biology
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2011-04-24 21:41:42
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Bio
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Ch 32
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  1. Which of the following has a 4-chambered heart like human?
    A. A and B are Correct
    B. Amphibians
    C. All choices are correct
    D. Some Reptiles
    E. Birds
    A. A and B
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which structure does blood pass through immediately before entering the right atrium?
    A. vena cava
    B. semilunar valve
    C. aorta
    D. left atrium
    E. atrioventricular valve
    A. vena cava
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Major cardiovascular disorders include all of the following EXCEPT:
    A. atherosclerosis
    B. diabetes
    C. stroke
    D. hypertension
    B. diabetes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Veins primarily depend upon which of the following forces to return blood to the heart?
    A. force of blood entering from the arteries
    B. skeletal muscle contraction
    C. valves to prevent blood back flow
    D. all of the choices apply
    B. skeletal muscle contraction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The fluid under a blister or the lymph tha bathes the interstitial spaces between organs is very watery compared with the viscosity of blood plasma. Why?
    A. the viscosity of blood is completely due to blood cells that never leave the vessels
    B. the capillaries use active transport to retrieve large molecules that leaked away
    C. these fluids are primarily water produced by cell respiration, and they are discarded interstitially
    D. large molecules, such as plasma albumin, never cross the capillary wall into tissue fluid
    E. large molecules, such as plasma albumin, are concentrated in the lymph nodes
    D. large molecules, such as plasma albumin, never cross the capillary wal into tissue fluid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The greek root words for "heart" and "vessels" underlies the term:
    A. cardiovascular
    B. ateriole
    C. atrioventricular
    D. thromboembolism
    E. diastole
    A. cardiovascular
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The primary function on the pulmonary circuit is:
    A. to supply to force to propel blood throughout the body
    B. the release of carbon dioxide and absorption of oxygen by the blood
    C. nutrient exchange
    D. release of oxygen and absorption of carbon dioxide by the blood
    B. the release of carbon dioxide and the absorption of oxygen by the blood
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. A person who is B positive will have:
    A. B antibodies, antibodies to A, and Rh antigens
    B. A antigens, antibodies to B, and Rh antigens
    C. B antigens, antibodies to B, and Rh antigens
    D. B antigens, antibodies to A, and Rh antigens
    E. B antigens, antibodies to A, and no Rh antigens
    D. B antigens, antibodies to A, and Rh antigens
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Cnidaria and flatworms exchange gases and remove wastes by way of their:
    A. open circulatory system
    B. closed circulatory system
    C. moist skin sufaces
    D. respiritory and excretory systems
    E. gastrovascualr cavities
    E. gastrovascular cavities
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which structure does blood pass through immediately before it enters the left ventricle?
    A. aorta
    B. vena cava
    C. atrioventricular valve
    D. left atrium
    E. semilunar valve
    C. atrioventricular valve
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. What 2 forces control the movement of fluid through the capillary wall?
    A. the number of veins and arteries
    B. the thickness of the capillary wall and the number of cilia
    C. blood pressure and osmotic pressure
    D. the oxygen and nitrogen concentration
    C. blood pressure and osmotic pressure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The latin root word for "great artery" underlies the term:
    A. hepatic portal
    B. pulmonary
    C. aorta
    D. vena cava
    E. coronary
    C. aorta
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which statement is NOT true about red blood cells?
    A. there are about 6 million red blood cells per cubic millimieter of whole blood
    B. they are biconcave disks that lack nuclei when mature
    C. their normal lifespan is about 120 dyas
    D. hemoglobin is a protein hat binds oxygen loosely to transport it
    E. they are mainly produced in the liver
    E. they are mainly produced in the liver
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. A heart murmur is a distortion of the heartbeat due to blood flowing back through a valve that should be closed. If the heart sound is lub-dub-ssshhh, the most likely cause is a failure of the :
    A. mitral (bicuspid) valve
    B. AV node to signal contraction
    C. atrioventricular valve
    D. sinoatrial node to signal contraction
    E. semilunar valve
    C. atrioventricular valve
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The structure that absorbs nutrients from the small intestines and delievers the nutrients in the blood to the liver is the
    A. none of the choices are correct
    B. hepatic portal vein
    C. renal vein
    D. hepatic portal artery
    B. hepatic portal vein
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Match the type of circulatory system with the organismin which its found:
    1. grasshoppers
    2. earthworms
    3. clams and oysters
    open circulatory system__
    closed circulatory system__
    open circulatory system__
    • open circulatory system 1
    • closed circulatory system 2
    • open circulatory system 3
  17. The circulatory system is the only way by which an animal can supply oxygen and nutrients to its cells, or remove waste materials from the cells
    True of False
    False
  18. It is estimated that if all the blood vessels in a human were connected end to end, the total distance would reach around the earth at the equator 2 times.
    True of False
    True
  19. Which of these white blood cells are phagocytic?
    A. lymphocytes
    B. boh lymphocytes and macrophages
    C. both neutrophils and macrophages
    D. macrophages
    E. neutrophils
    C. both neutrophils and macrophages
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which best describes an antigen?
    A. a protein produced by a B cell that responds against foreign protein
    B. the receptor on a T or B cell that recognizes a foreign protein
    C. a protein or polusaccharide that is recognized as foreign by a cell of the immune system
    D. any cell of the immune system
    C. a protein or polysaccharide that is recongnized as foreign by a cell of the immune system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Which organism has hemglodin located in the fluid portion of the blood, giving it a red apperance?
    A. grasshopper
    B. bird
    C. earthworm
    D. flatworm
    E. human
    C. earthworm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. What would you find in the heart of an amphibian?
    A. 2 atria and 2 ventricle
    B. 2 aria and a partiall divided ventricle
    C. one atrium and one ventricle
    D. 2 atria and one ventricle
    E. one atrium and 2 ventricles
    D. 2 atria and one ventricle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The human heart is composed of:
    A. an outer membraneous sac called the pericardium
    B. all of the choices are correct
    C. B and C only are correct
    D. endocardium
    E. muslce fibers called myocardium
    B. all of the choices are correct
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Normal blood pressure in a 25 year old person would likely ebe close to ___mm Hg.
    A. 120/50
    B. 150/95
    C. 100/40
    D. 120/80
    E. 200/120
    D. 120/80
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which kind of white blood cell is involved in the production of antibodies?
    A. neutrophils
    B. B lymphocytes
    C. monocytes
    D. macrophage
    E. eosinophils
    B. B lymphocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which would you find in the heart of a fish?
    A. 2 atria and 1 ventricle
    B. 2 atria and 2 ventricles
    C.1 atrium and 2 ventricles
    D. 1 atrium and 1 ventricle
    E. 2 atria and a partially divided ventricle
    D. 1 atrium and 1 ventricle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Describe the events that occur in the clotting of blood by choosing the correst sequence of statements that outlines the process:
    1. platelets and injured tissue release prothrombin activator
    2. the activated fragments join end to end, forming long threads
    3. platelet clump at the sight of puncture and partially seal the leak
    4. fibrin threads wind around the platelet plug in the damaged area and provide a framwork for the clot
    5. thrombin, acting a an enzyme, severs 2 amino acid chains (activated fragments) fromo each fibrinogen molecule
    6. prothrombin activator converts prothromin to thrombin
    7. red blood cells are trapped within the fibrin framework forming a clot.
    A. sequence 7,4,5,2,3,1,6
    B. sequence 3,1,6,5,2,4,7
    C. sequence 1,2,6,7,4,3,5
    D. sequence 4,5,6,7,3,2,1
    B. sequence 3,1,6,5,2,4,7
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. What would you find in the heart of most reptiles?
    A. 1 atrium and 2 ventricles
    B. 2 atria and a partially divided ventricle
    C. 2 atria and 2 ventricles
    D. 1 atrium and 1 ventricle
    E. 2 atria and 1 ventricle
    B. 2 atria and a partially divided ventricle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. The vibration felt in arterial walls due ro expansion of the aorta following ventricle contraction is the:
    A. cardiac cycle
    B. pulse
    C. blood pressure
    D. electrocardiogram
    B. pulse
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. A portal system carries blood from one organ to another without passing throughout the heart
    True or False
    True
  31. The pacemaker of the cardiac conduction system is the:
    A. sinoatrial node
    B. purkinje fibers
    C. atrioventricular node
    D. medulla oblongata
    A. sinoatrial node
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. The greek root word for "contraction" underlies the term:
    A. diastole
    B. systole
    C. arteriole
    D. cardiovascular
    E. thromboembolism
    B. systole
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. The hemocoel is an open space in an insect that contains blood outside of the vessels
    True of False
    True
  34. The sound of the heartbeat is made when the ventricles contract to pump blood out of the heart.
    True or False
    False
  35. What would cause youto believe that someone has a heart murmur?
    A. low blood pressure
    B. an irregular ECG
    C. irregular heart beats
    D. irregular heart sounds instead of sharp lub-dub-sounds
    D. irregular heart sounds instead of sharp lub-dub sounds
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. After leaving out left ventricle, blood next passes through the:
    A. vena cava
    B. semilunar valve
    C. left atrium
    D. aorta
    E. atrioventricular valve
    B. semilunar valve
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. " Artery" and "vein" are defined by whether they leave or enter the heart. If they were defined by whether the carried oxygenated or deoxygenated blood, we would have to change the name(s) of :
    A. the coronary artery and vein; they would have to be switched
    B. none, since the aorta and vena cava do not have "artery"and "vein" in their name
    C. the pulmonary artery and vein; they would have to be switched
    D. the hepatic and renal systems; they would have to be switched
    E. the hepatic portal vein to a hepatic portal artery
    C. the pulmonary artery and vein; they would have to be switched
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. When you step on a cochroach or smash a fly, the blood appears colorless because
    A. there are no cells in the hemolymph
    B. the blood is enclosed in a closed circulatory system
    C. it does not contain hemoglobin or any other respiratiry pigment
    D. the blood is actualy a colorless hemolymph that carries oxygen on molecules other than redish hemoglobin
    C. it does not contin hemoglobin or any other respiratory pigment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Which type of blood component is involved in the initiation of clotting?
    A. red blood cells
    B. plasma proetins
    C. white blood cells
    D. platelets
    D. platelets
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. The leading cause of preventble death in the US is cardiovascualr disease. Which of the following are lifestyle modifications that would lower a persons risk of CVD?
    A. lose weight
    B. lower fat intake
    C. not smoking
    D. all of the choices are means of lowering risk of CVD
    D. all of the choices are means of lowering rish of CVD
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. What would you find the heart of a human?
    A.1 atrium and 2 ventricles
    B.2 atria and a partially divided ventricle
    C. 1 arium and 1 ventricle
    D. 2 atria and 2 ventricles
    E. 2 atria and 1 ventricle
    D. 2 atria and 2 ventricles
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. sphincter muscles regulate the opening and closing of the capillary beds, directing the flow of blood to different areas of the body depending on the bodys needs.
    True of False
    True
  43. The coronary arteries are important because they serve the:
    A. urinary tract
    B. brain
    C. intesttine and brain
    D. heart
    E. lungs
    D. heart
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. The vessels in our circulatory system that allow molecules to diffuse across to tissues are:
    A arteries
    B. veins
    C. capillaries
    D. lymph vessels
    E. venules
    C. capillaries
  45. All capillary beds have blood running to them at all times
    True or False
    False

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