quiz #3- speech and language

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quiz #3- speech and language
2011-04-25 12:21:37
clinical neurology

speech and language
Show Answers:

  1. Different areas associated with language
    • wernickes area
    • auditory perception
    • somatosensory perception
    • primary motor function- brocas area
  2. What is dysarthria?
    • errors in the production of sound, but language is still intact
    • slow and mumbled
    • failiure of coordination of respiration, vocal cords, tongue, and lips
  3. What is dysarthria caused from?
    • cerebellar
    • midbrain
    • tract
    • cranial nerve damage
  4. What are some hints when interacting with patients that have dysarthria?
    • ask patients to repeat and speak slowly
    • don't finish sentences for them
    • give feedback when you understand
    • ask patient to gesture/write
  5. What is it like to be aphasic?
    • difficult to talk, struggling to get every word out
    • leave small words out and get stuck on certain words/phrases
    • person talks, it's just difficult to understand
  6. What is expressive/non-fluent aphasia?
    • motor plan for speed is lost
    • comprehension of language is intact and aware of speaking problem
    • profane language or 1st language may be intact
  7. What is damaged with expressive aphasia?
    • brocas area
    • typically dominant hemisphere
  8. Hints to interact with patients that have expressive aphasia:
    • ask questions with yes or no answers
    • use gestures and facial experssions
    • tell them what you understand
    • ask them to repeat
    • do not interrupt
  9. What is receptive/fluent aphasia?
    • motor production of sounds intact, but doesn't understand what they're saying
    • perception of sounds distorted
    • severe defecit in comprehension but words come easy
    • reading and writing compromised
  10. Hints to intereact with patients that have receptive aphasia:
    • speak maturely- encourage normal language
    • don't talk louder and minimize distractions
    • stand in visual field
    • don't talk about the person
    • LISTEN
  11. What is conduction aphasia?
    • motor production of sounds and perception of sounds intact
    • fluent but use subsitituions
    • understand language
    • mild writing impairment
  12. Where is the problem with conduction aphasia?
    • feedback between brocas and wernickes area are reduced
    • damage to arcuate fasiculus
  13. What is damaged in receptive aphasia?
    wernickes area
  14. What is global aphasia?
    • both motor production of speech and comprehension are lost
    • severe deficit of expression and comprehension, reading/writing
  15. What is damaged in global aphasia?
    brocas and wernickes
  16. What is anomia?
    inability to retrieve names
  17. What is circumlocution
    talk around forgetten words
  18. What is alexia?
    can't read, but all other language functions are intact
  19. What is automatic speech?
    singing or swearing is intact, but all other language is gone