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# of phalanges per foot:______
# of metatarsals per foot
the metatarsals can also be referred to as?
# of tarsals bones per foot
total bones in both feet
Phalanges are Numbered ___ to ___ starting _________ and working _________.
Digits 2-5 contain a ___________, _____________ and ___________ phalynx.
proximal middle and distal
The 1st digit contains only a _____________ and ______________ phalynx.
proximal and distal
Metatarsals Distal portion is termed:_________________
Middle portion is termed:________________
Proximal portion is termed:______________
The base of the 5th metatarsal contains a ______________ which is a common fracture site.
Describe sesamoid bones:
small detached oval shaped bones located near joint spaces
largest sesamoid bone
other locations of sesamoid bones
plantar surface at head of metatarsals
Calcanus, talus, navicular, cuboid, medial cuniform, intermediate cuniform, lateral cuniform
largest and strongest bone of the foot
2nd largest bone in the foot
Talocalcaneal joint is also known as the ____________________ joint.
Define calcaneal sulcus:
deep depression b/w the posterior and middle articulation facets
Define sinus tarsi
opening in the middle of the subtalar joint
Longitudinal arch demonstrates the ___________ and ____________ aspects of the foot.
medial and mid
Transverse arch primarily made of the wedge shaped ______________.
Bones of ankle: _______________, _________________ and ________________
talus, tibia, and fibula
The mortise joint space demonstrated in ____________________________ position.
15-20 internal rotation oblique
Tibial plafond forms the _________ of the ankle joint.
Distal fibula located _____ posterior in relation to distal tibia.
more 1/2 in
Weight bearing bone of lower leg:______________
The tibial plateau slopes ______ to ______ degrees posteriorly in relation to the long axis to the tibia.
Define Osgood Schlatter
tibial tuberosity separated from the body of tibia
Describe the fibula notch of the tibia:
distal portion of the tibia- flattened triangular notch
The fibula is located ____________ and _____________ to the tibia.
Fibula articulations: Proximal with________________ and distally with _______________
Longest and strongest bone in body:_____________________
Knee joint location in respect to patella:
anterior surface convex and rough posterior surface smooth and oval shaped
Patellar surface also termed _____________________________ or ______________________________
intercondylar sulcus or trochlear groove
Medial condyle lies ___ to ___ degrees __________ than lateral condyle of the femur
5 to 7 ; distal
Joint between the patella and distal femur:
inferior border of the patella
superior border termed
patella articulates with
the distal end of the femur
the knee joint is comprised of
femoropatellar and femortibial
4 main ligaments of the knee
- Anterior cruciate ligament
- Middle cruciate ligament
- posterior cruciate ligaments
- lateral cruciate ligaments
Each knee contains a ____________ and ____________ menisci
lateral and medial
Menisci serve to
observe the shock of the knee
projection from top of the foot to bottom of foot
projection from bottom of foot to top of foot
decrease angle of foot moving toes upwards
increase angle of foot moving toes downward from normal position
moving foot in towards midline
bending away from the midline
- A: Tibia
- B: Calcaneus
- C: Tuberosity of calcaneus
- D: Cuboid
- E: fifth metatarsals
- F: superimposed cuniform
- G: Navicular
- H: subtalar joint- talocalcaneal
- I: Talus
- A: IP joint of 1st digit of R foot
- B: proximal phalanx of 1st digit of R foot
- C: Metatarslal phalange joint of 1st digit of R tech
- D: head of 1st metatarsals
- E: body of 1st metatarsals
- F:bast of 1st metatarsals
- G: intermediate cuniform
- I: talus
- J: Tuberosity of calcaneus
- K: lateral calcaneus
- L: Cuboid
- M: tuberosity at base of 5th metatarsals
- N: 5 MTP Joint of R foot
- O: proximal phalanx of 5th digit of R foot
- A: Fibula
- B: lateral malleolus
- C: Open Mortise joint of ankle
- E: Medial malleolus
- F:Tibial epiphyseal plate
- A: fibula
- B: calcaneus
- C: Cuboid
- D: tuberosity and base of 5 Metatarsals
- E: Navicular
- F: Talus
- G: Sinus Tarsi
- H: Anterior Tubercle
- I: Tibia
- A: Patella
- B: femoropetellar joint
- C: Lateral Condyle
- D: Patellar surface
- E: medial condyle
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