Geriatric Imaging

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Geriatric Imaging
2011-04-25 20:35:27
Geriatric Imaging

Geriatric Imaging
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  1. A term used to describe the stereotyping of and discrimination against the elderly:
  2. Most common health complaints of elderly:
    Weight gain, fatigue, loss of bone mass, stifness and loneliness
  3. Cognitive effects in the elderly are caused by:
    Disease, aging and disuse
  4. Progressive cognitive impairment that eventually interferes with daily function:
  5. Most common form of Dementia:
  6. One in five persons over the age of 65 shows signs of:
    Clinical depression
  7. Top 10 Geriatric Chronic Conditions:
    Arthritis, Hypertension, Hearing impairment, heart disease, cataracts, deformity/orthopedic impairment, chronic sinusitis, diabetes, visual impairment, vericose veins
  8. First apparent signs of aging involves which system?
  9. Most common skin diseases of geriatric patients:
    Herpes zoster (shingles), malignant tumors, decubitus ulcers
  10. Most common skin tumors:
    Basal Cell carcinoma, Malignant Melanoma, Squamous cell cercinoma
  11. Most common cause of disability:
    Nervous system disorders
  12. What can lead to dementia?
    Cerebral infarcts
  13. Nervous system disorders are affected by the degree of:
    Atherosclerosis (blood flow to brain)
  14. What is presbyopia?
    Age-related farsightedness
  15. What is presbycusis?
    Hearing loss of tone
  16. What is hyposmia?
    Loss of smell
  17. Reduction in bone mass and density:
  18. Chronic deterioration of joint cartilage; obesity is risk factor:
    Degenerative joint disease, osteoarthritis
  19. Second most common cause of disability in U.S.:
    Degenerative joint disease
  20. Symptoms of degenerative joint disease:
    Pain, swelling, decrease in range of motion in joint
  21. Damage to what system affects entire body?
  22. Most common cause of death worldwide?
    Cardiovascular Disease
  23. Loss of arterial elasticity increases:
    Systolic blood pressure
  24. Fall in blood pressure when rising from supine to standing:
    Postural hypotension
  25. Fatty plaques in arterial walls; predominant change in blood vessels:
  26. Atherosclerosis increases ris of _____, increases ____ formation and may cause___, ____, or ____.
    Aneurysm, clot, embolism, heart attack, stroke
  27. Inability of heart to propel blood at sufficient rate and volume:
    Congestive heart failure
  28. What is second to lung cancer as cause of cancer-related mortality?
  29. Immune system decline increases vulnerability to:
    Diabetes, pneumonia, nosocomial infections
  30. Three general categories of illness that preferentially afflict the elderly:
    Infections, Cancer, Autoimmune Disease
  31. Prevalent infections of the aged includes:
    Influenza, pneumonia, tuberculosis, meningitis, uti’s.
  32. Shortness of breath in the elderly is usually caused by:
    Stiffness of muscles and rib cage
  33. Most common cancer-related death:
    Lung cancer
  34. Symptoms of anemia:
    Pale skin, shortness of breath, fatigue
  35. Anemia can be caused by:
    Insufficient dietary intake, Inflammation or destruction of GI lining to absorb vitamin B
  36. Most well known genitourinary system disorders:
  37. A normal dose can cause overdose in elderly due to:
    Decreased number of nephrons in kidneys
  38. Enlargement of prostate gland that can obstruct urine flow:
    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (common in men over 70)
  39. Third most common cancer in males:
    Prostate cancer (over 80% over age 65)
  40. Most common age-related endocrine disorder:
    Diabetes mellitus