Card Set Information
A term used to describe the stereotyping of and discrimination against the elderly:
Most common health complaints of elderly:
Weight gain, fatigue, loss of bone mass, stifness and loneliness
Cognitive effects in the elderly are caused by:
Disease, aging and disuse
Progressive cognitive impairment that eventually interferes with daily function:
Most common form of Dementia:
One in five persons over the age of 65 shows signs of:
Top 10 Geriatric Chronic Conditions:
Arthritis, Hypertension, Hearing impairment, heart disease, cataracts, deformity/orthopedic impairment, chronic sinusitis, diabetes, visual impairment, vericose veins
First apparent signs of aging involves which system?
Most common skin diseases of geriatric patients:
Herpes zoster (shingles), malignant tumors, decubitus ulcers
Most common skin tumors:
Basal Cell carcinoma, Malignant Melanoma, Squamous cell cercinoma
Most common cause of disability:
Nervous system disorders
What can lead to dementia?
Nervous system disorders are affected by the degree of:
Atherosclerosis (blood flow to brain)
What is presbyopia?
What is presbycusis?
Hearing loss of tone
What is hyposmia?
Loss of smell
Reduction in bone mass and density:
Chronic deterioration of joint cartilage; obesity is risk factor:
Degenerative joint disease, osteoarthritis
Second most common cause of disability in U.S.:
Degenerative joint disease
Symptoms of degenerative joint disease:
Pain, swelling, decrease in range of motion in joint
Damage to what system affects entire body?
Most common cause of death worldwide?
Loss of arterial elasticity increases:
Systolic blood pressure
Fall in blood pressure when rising from supine to standing:
Fatty plaques in arterial walls; predominant change in blood vessels:
Atherosclerosis increases ris of _____, increases ____ formation and may cause___, ____, or ____.
Aneurysm, clot, embolism, heart attack, stroke
Inability of heart to propel blood at sufficient rate and volume:
Congestive heart failure
What is second to lung cancer as cause of cancer-related mortality?
Immune system decline increases vulnerability to:
Diabetes, pneumonia, nosocomial infections
Three general categories of illness that preferentially afflict the elderly:
Infections, Cancer, Autoimmune Disease
Prevalent infections of the aged includes:
Influenza, pneumonia, tuberculosis, meningitis, uti’s.
Shortness of breath in the elderly is usually caused by:
Stiffness of muscles and rib cage
Most common cancer-related death:
Symptoms of anemia:
Pale skin, shortness of breath, fatigue
Anemia can be caused by:
Insufficient dietary intake, Inflammation or destruction of GI lining to absorb vitamin B
Most well known genitourinary system disorders:
A normal dose can cause overdose in elderly due to:
Decreased number of nephrons in kidneys
Enlargement of prostate gland that can obstruct urine flow:
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (common in men over 70)
Third most common cancer in males:
Prostate cancer (over 80% over age 65)
Most common age-related endocrine disorder: