Geriatric Imaging

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Author:
Bilon
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81784
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Geriatric Imaging
Updated:
2011-04-25 20:35:27
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Geriatric Imaging
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Geriatric Imaging
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  1. A term used to describe the stereotyping of and discrimination against the elderly:
    Ageism
  2. Most common health complaints of elderly:
    Weight gain, fatigue, loss of bone mass, stifness and loneliness
  3. Cognitive effects in the elderly are caused by:
    Disease, aging and disuse
  4. Progressive cognitive impairment that eventually interferes with daily function:
    Dementia
  5. Most common form of Dementia:
    Alzheimer’s
  6. One in five persons over the age of 65 shows signs of:
    Clinical depression
  7. Top 10 Geriatric Chronic Conditions:
    Arthritis, Hypertension, Hearing impairment, heart disease, cataracts, deformity/orthopedic impairment, chronic sinusitis, diabetes, visual impairment, vericose veins
  8. First apparent signs of aging involves which system?
    Integumentary
  9. Most common skin diseases of geriatric patients:
    Herpes zoster (shingles), malignant tumors, decubitus ulcers
  10. Most common skin tumors:
    Basal Cell carcinoma, Malignant Melanoma, Squamous cell cercinoma
  11. Most common cause of disability:
    Nervous system disorders
  12. What can lead to dementia?
    Cerebral infarcts
  13. Nervous system disorders are affected by the degree of:
    Atherosclerosis (blood flow to brain)
  14. What is presbyopia?
    Age-related farsightedness
  15. What is presbycusis?
    Hearing loss of tone
  16. What is hyposmia?
    Loss of smell
  17. Reduction in bone mass and density:
    Osteoporosis
  18. Chronic deterioration of joint cartilage; obesity is risk factor:
    Degenerative joint disease, osteoarthritis
  19. Second most common cause of disability in U.S.:
    Degenerative joint disease
  20. Symptoms of degenerative joint disease:
    Pain, swelling, decrease in range of motion in joint
  21. Damage to what system affects entire body?
    Cardiovascular
  22. Most common cause of death worldwide?
    Cardiovascular Disease
  23. Loss of arterial elasticity increases:
    Systolic blood pressure
  24. Fall in blood pressure when rising from supine to standing:
    Postural hypotension
  25. Fatty plaques in arterial walls; predominant change in blood vessels:
    Atherosclerosis
  26. Atherosclerosis increases ris of _____, increases ____ formation and may cause___, ____, or ____.
    Aneurysm, clot, embolism, heart attack, stroke
  27. Inability of heart to propel blood at sufficient rate and volume:
    Congestive heart failure
  28. What is second to lung cancer as cause of cancer-related mortality?
    Colorectal
  29. Immune system decline increases vulnerability to:
    Diabetes, pneumonia, nosocomial infections
  30. Three general categories of illness that preferentially afflict the elderly:
    Infections, Cancer, Autoimmune Disease
  31. Prevalent infections of the aged includes:
    Influenza, pneumonia, tuberculosis, meningitis, uti’s.
  32. Shortness of breath in the elderly is usually caused by:
    Stiffness of muscles and rib cage
  33. Most common cancer-related death:
    Lung cancer
  34. Symptoms of anemia:
    Pale skin, shortness of breath, fatigue
  35. Anemia can be caused by:
    Insufficient dietary intake, Inflammation or destruction of GI lining to absorb vitamin B
  36. Most well known genitourinary system disorders:
    Incontinence
  37. A normal dose can cause overdose in elderly due to:
    Decreased number of nephrons in kidneys
  38. Enlargement of prostate gland that can obstruct urine flow:
    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (common in men over 70)
  39. Third most common cancer in males:
    Prostate cancer (over 80% over age 65)
  40. Most common age-related endocrine disorder:
    Diabetes mellitus

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