Gospel of John
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Know the symbols for each chapter (14-17)
- 14: Room Key-Room Jesus is preparing for us
- 15: Grapes-Vine and Branches; Fruit to Bear
- 16: Dove-Holy Spirit
- 17:Envelope-Sending them into the world, Sanctify them
Problems Associated with John 14:6
- 1. This passage is a lightning rod for much of the criticism Christianity receives today. The statement Jesus makes here gives Christianity a radical exclusivity,this causing Christians to be perceived as intolerant or arrogant.
- 2. How can followers of Jesus hold to the conviction that Jesus is the only way to the Father, in the current climate or religious pluralism? How can Christians hold to an exclusive claim in and inclusive context?
- 3. In light of John 14:6, what is the eternal destiny of “the unevangelized?”
“Truth” in the Gospel of John Observations:
- 1. In John, “truth” is not propositional, but personal, being embodied in Jesus.
- 2. Truth is not only learning about God’s truth from Jesus, but learning that God’s truth is Jesus.
- 3. Without Jesus, there is not going, for He is the WAY. Without Jesus, there is no knowing, for
- He is the TRUTH. Without Jesus, there is not living, for He is the LIFE.
Be able to recognize the various ways the Holy Spirit is described in chapter 14
- 1. He is an answer to Jesus’ Prayer (14:16)
- 2. He is a Comforter or Helper (14:16)
- 3. He is the “spirit of truth” (14:17)
- 4. He is unknown to the world (14:17)
- 5. He dwells with and in the believer (14:16-17)
Know thoroughly the material associated with the paracletos.
- Transliteration(putting with letters): Paracletos/paraclete
- Literal Meaning: “one called to the side of another.”
- Various Translations: Counselor, Advocate, Friend, Comforter
Be able to list both parties in these three relationships. (John 15)
- Believer’s relationship with Jesus, the Vine-characterized by Attachment.
- Believer’s relationship with each other-characterized by Love.
- Believer’s relationship with the World-characterized by the Paradoxical Tension of Distinctiveness and Engagement.
A play on words in John 15:2-3
- Airei-“cuts off” (15:2)
- Kathairei-“he prunes” (15:2)
- Katharoi-“you are clean” (15:3)
Reasons for the World’s Hostility towards the Followers of Jesus.
- 1. Difference in ultimate allegiances between the world and the disciples.
- 2. The disciple’s choice to associate with the rejected Christ.
- 3. The conviction of the world’s sin that Jesus’ message brings.
Know the paradoxical tensions between believers and the world represented in the text of John 15:18-27?
- Distinctive and Indicting Presence (Holiness)
- Engaging Witness (Ministry)
What is the etymology of the word kosmos? How is kosmos used ina new way in John's Gospel?
- 1. Kosmos means ornament. We get our word cosmetic.
- 2. Outstanding ornament was of course the universe. Kosmos=the universe at large.
- 3. The most significant part of the universe is the earth where men live. Therefore, kosmos=the world we inhabit.
- 4. Kosmos came to mean the world in the sense of the majority of persons.
- 5. Since in John’s Gospel, the majority opposes Jesus, kosmos in John is often but not always associated with rejection and opposition.
- -Kosmos(greek)-185 times in the new testament; 78 times in Gospel of John; 24 times in John’s lettes; 3 times in Revelation
What kind of turbulence does Jesus say awaits his disciples?
- Expulsion from the synagogue (2)
- Murdered (martyred) because of their allegiance to Christ (2)
- Grief from losing Jesus (6, 20, 22)
- Trouble (33)
Know the three comforting realities offered by Jesus in chapter 16 as a remedy to the trouble that awaited his disciples.
- The Spirit would comfort them. (1-15)
- The disciples’ grief would be temporary. (20-22)
- Jesus has overcome the world, and by implication, all of its trouble inducing experiences. (33) The chapter ends with the assurance that no matter what the number and intensity of the troubles we face, Jesus has overcome them.
Roles and Functions of the Holy Spirit
- 16:12-15-Revealer;Guide to Truth
To what does Jesus compare childbirth? What is true of childbirth and also true of Jesus’ departure from the disciples?
- Childbirth is painful.
- Childbirth is inevitable.
- Childbirth produces something that is worth the pain.
Jesus’ Prayer Outline:
- Jesus prays for himself. (1-5)
- Jesus prays for his disciples. (6-19)
- Jesus prays from his future disciples. (20-26)
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