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Eukaryotes cause __?__ infections.
What are the 4 types of parasitic infections caused by Eukaryotes?
- Complex-Life cycle
- Multiple life stage
- Multiple hosts
What are the 5 main phylogenies of Eukarya?
- Primary Algae and Green plants
- Fungi and Animals
What broad group of Eukarya do Fungi and Animals fall belong in and why?
- Common insertions/deletions in key genes
- single flagellum (unlike protists which are paired)
What broad phylogenic group do Algae and Plants fall under? (add to this card slide 8)
What are unique characteristics of Fungi (2)
- Cell wall made of chitin ( acetylated polysaccharide + stops psuedopods)
- Grow at Hyphal tips (branches are mycelia)
What are yeast and what make them unique (3)?
- Reproduce via budding
- Asexual (mitosis in 1n and 2n) and sexual reproduction
What is Ascomycetes and its 4 uses?
- Antibiotic source (penicillin)
What are Basidiomycetes and what 4 characteristics make them unique?
- Fungi - Mushroom
- Gametes fuse, not nuclei
- Fruiting bodies
- Nuclei form in basidium
- Meiosis to form basidiospore
What is Chlorophyta?
Green algae (Chlorophyll a)
What is Rhodophyta and 3 characteristics?
- Red Algae
- Unicellular filaments
- Phycoerythrin (allows growth in deeper water, absorbs lower energy light)
What are secondary endosymbionts and an example?
- Algae engulfed by a protist
- Diatoms (SiO2 - quartz shell)
What is brown algae and what gives it brown color?
- Kelp (protist, secondary endosymbiont)
- energy storage lipid
What forms amorphous shapes and slime molds?
What are Cecozoa and examples?
- Shelled Amoebas (Marine habitat)
- ex - Radiolarians - Amoebas with filamentous pseudopods stabalized by mictotubules
What are Alveolates and distinct characteristics?
- Have cilia and multiple copies of nuclear DNA (Macronucleus) (original nucleus in micronucleus)
What are Apicomplexans and distinct characteristics?
- Apical complex invades host
- No cilia
- obligate parasites
Where is the apicoplast derived from and in what group is it found?
- Alveolate apicomplexans
What is a cryptophyte? What group is it not part of and why?
Protist that engulfed an Algae. They contain a nucleomorph which is the vestigal nucleaus of the algae. It is not part of viridiplanae because it is a protist.
What is a filamentous algae called?
What is an individual algae cell called?
What is a sheet of algae called?
What is a colony of algae called?
What is another name for cryptophytes?