ANTH 2700 Lab 5

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purplerubycrystal
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81875
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ANTH 2700 Lab 5
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2011-04-26 03:46:34
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ANTH Lab
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ANTH 2700 Lab 5
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  1. Primate
    Prosimii-Anthropoidea
    Platarrhini-Cattyrhini
    Cercopithecoidea-Hominoidea
    Hylobatidae-Hominidea
    Pongidae, Gorillinae-Homininea
    Panini-Hominini
    Homo
    sapiens
    • order
    • suborder
    • infraorder
    • superfamily
    • family
    • subfamily
    • tribe
    • genus
    • species
  2. common names:
    superfamily
    family
    subfamily
    tribe
    • hominoid
    • hominid
    • hominine
    • hominin
  3. the binomen is allways...
    • underlined or italicized
    • Homo sapiens
    • H. sapiens
  4. Lineaus's 7
    • Kingdom
    • Phylum
    • Class
    • Order
    • Family
    • Genus
    • Species
  5. organisms of a single species share an exclusive...(without human influences)
    • breeding group
    • morphology
    • diet
  6. fossil formation: 2
    • anoxic environment
    • mineralization
  7. 2 difficulties w/fossils
    • limited geo-distribution
    • geo-forces (crush and fragment)
  8. classification based exclusively on geneology, such that a group of species is all decended from a common ancestor
    cladistics
  9. classifications based on descent from a common ancestor, as are clades, but also take into account different rates of evolution in different lineages. (amount of difference, and rate of change)
    evolutionary classification
  10. characters found with pylogenetically older organisms, and are usually shared with many organisms in an evolutionary group: 3
    • primative characters
    • pliesomorphic (sympliesomorphic character + shared ancestral)
    • ancestral feature
  11. evlove from primative characters and are usually aquired by few members of an evolutoionary group. characters are not found in earlier ancestors.
    • derived characters
    • apomorphic
  12. A recently appearing homology that is shared by a relatively small group of closley related taxa.
    • shared derived character
    • synapomorphic
  13. ancestorially (truly) shared similar trait...
    homology
  14. similar, for not homologous trait...
    analogy
  15. Prosimian dentition: 3
    • primative dental formula
    • specilized dentition (insectivore, frugivore, etc.)
    • tooth comb (procumbant incisors)
  16. anthropoid dentition:
    • derived dental formula
    • generalized dentition (heterodont)
  17. dental formulas:
    Prosimian
    Platyrrhine
    Catarrhine
    • variable
    • 2.1.3.3
    • 2.1.2.3
  18. the primative number of premolars:
    4
  19. loosing sharp side of tooth, flattening, widening...
    molarization
  20. human premolars are...
    bicuspid
  21. become holes and pits with wear and age...
    cusps
  22. specilized molars:
    pointy
    high shearing crests
    large, flat, sledge hammer, low cusps, thick enamel
    • insectivore
    • folivore
    • frugivore
  23. circopithecoid molar cusps:
    hominid molar pattern:
    • bilophodont (x-4)
    • Y-5
  24. which molar should be examined for pattern?
    the first
  25. Prosimii dental arcade...
    ...non-human athropoid dental arcade?
    • divergent (v-shaped)
    • parallel
  26. locomotion pattern of all primates besides humans:
    quadrupedialism
  27. Loris facts: 8
    • SQC
    • nocturnal
    • poison gland
    • bugs, lizards, birds
    • robust skeleton
    • strong/flexible body
    • short/no tail
    • 16-18oz
  28. Lemur facts: 3
    • diurnal
    • VCL
    • intermembral index -100
  29. Orangutan facts: 3
    • Quadrumanos
    • locomotor dimorphism
    • sex seperate social behavior
  30. NWM locomotor pattern:
    quadrupedal walking and running
  31. Hylobatidae facts: 2
    • brachiation
    • cranial facing glenoid fossa
    • bipedal vacations
    • long curved fingers
  32. Chimp/Gorilla facts: 6
    • kunckle walking
    • reinforced carpels
    • hairless fingers
    • intermembral index +100
    • too large to brachiate
    • inefficent bipedalism

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