Exam 3 Review
Card Set Information
Exam 3 Review
Exam 3 Review
Describe two of the mining, processing, and drilling methods that can degrade water or air quality
mountain top mining and strip mining
fracture mining, refinement
What is NEPA?
National Environmental Protection Act
What are two environmental concerns associated with oil?
highly flammable and takes a long time to degrade and clean upTransport, hazardous chemical, corrosive, causes cancer, last in the environment for a long time
What is the difference between a mineral and a rock?
minerals have a specific structure and crystal while rocks are made of minerals
What is an open dump?
an open dump that is open to the environment and anything can come in while hazardous chemicals get out
What are two environmental concerns associated with natural gas?
transportation, explosive, mining, drilling, etc.
What is a sanitary landfill?
more regulations and restrictions, layer of clay and plastic, sealed
What are citizen science projects?
ordinary citizen can unite with a scientists and help in science projects and research
What is a hazardous waste landfill?
hazardous waste landfill is like a sanitary landfill but more sanitaryHas hazardous waste, capped
What are two environmental concerns associated with nuclear power?
hazardous, difficult, radioactive material, health concerns, nuclear meltdown
What are two benefits of recycling waste?
economic and better for the environment, reuse, save money, economical, better than setting land for landfills and dumps
Why are international environmental conventions and treaties often ineffective?
not enforced and only an agreement that can be broken easily
Briefly describe the rock cycle.
weathering, sedimentary, metamorphicBreakdown and reprocessingCycle of creation, destruction, and reprocessing/metamorphosis
What are two ways that you can influence policy?
protesting and lobbyingCalling or writing to the senator, etc.
What are two environmental concerns associated with coal?
refining and miningAir pollution, the types of mining, destroying environment to get it, transportation, burning
What is a superfund?
site to set money aside for taken from takes that supports the cleanup of hazardous waste
What are two concerns/problems associated with recycling programs?
people don’t help out and also the economical costs (wrong)
What is one important provision of NEPA?
requires large government projects to write an environmental impact statementSets up a CEQ
Why do people move to cities?
more opportunities jobs, housing, closer to work, etc.
Name and describe two alternative energy sources.
Solar uses panels to create energy
wing uses turbines to create energy
Define environmental policy?
statues, regulations, and rules that the government has to protect the environment
What is a shantytown?
illegal substandard housing built from trash
List two things each of us could do to help preserve our common environment.
many: smaller homes, less items
What is a floodplain?
water flooding a plain
What is a slum?
legal substandard housing generally government founded
What is natural resource accounting/economics?
placing a value on naturePollination, soil water air recycling, things that we don’t pay for now
Why is waste incineration a problem?
the pollutants that are released into the atmosphere
What are two ecosystems service humans get from the environment for free?
pollination, water air recycling
What are two products we get from mining and how are they used?
coal for electricity
Gas for trasnportation
Define sustainable development?
meeting the needs of the present without harming/compromising the needs of the future generationsResources can renew themselves
What are two examples of sustainable development that can be used in cities/businesses?
reflective material, alternative energy
What are two methods of disposing of hazardous waste?
converting is to a less hazardous material and landfill
In 1986, a nuclear power plant Ukraine
1989 oil tanker crashed reef
1950s entire community waste dump
2010 gulf of mexico
1984 toxic pesticide cloud released Bhopal India
1979 nuclear power plant Pennsylvania
2008 spilling coal fly ash spill Tennesse
When we purchase a product the price we pay reflects the ____ cost of producing it. If the manufacture of the product pollutes, then the costs of this pollution are termed ____ costs.
“Subduction” is the process of a tectonic plate
being forced below another platebeing forced below another plate
The Christmas bird count, in which local people work with scientists
a) citizen science
Businesses are not willing to become “green” because
d) improves their image and saves money in the end
Which of the following statements about coal is false?
c) “clean coal” is a new way to refine coal before it is used commercially making it less toxic
A giant swell known as a tsunami is caused by
An environmental impact statement is required for any significant federal actions as a part of?
Recycling aluminum is most important for?
Chemical processing is a way of ____ hazardous waste for safe disposal.
____ in the mantle and core make tectonic plates move.
d) convection currents
Why would the top ten most influential environmental organizations be critized
they have spent too much time in Washington
How are rocks classified?
e) chemical composition, physical properties, internal structures
Traditional suburban developments does not (not on exam)
c)facilitate social interactions among neighbors
If metals are deposited in streambeds ____ what method would probably be used?
a placer mining
Most useful oil deposits are usually found?
b) saturating porous rocks, like water in a sponge
The physical break down of a rock into smaller pieces is called?
The 10 most influential environmental organizations are most useful in?
c) respected in Washington
Control rods in a nuclear reactor are used to?
a) absorb neutrons
Environmental literacy partly consists of being able to?
b) understand the basic principles of ecology
Photovoltaic cells work because solar energy striking their surface
b) release electrons, causing an electric potential in attached wires
Problems associated with gemstones and precious metals such as gold and diamonds include which of the following?
Recycling, in terms of solid waste managments means?
Melting or shredding to create new products
Metamorphic rocks are produced when rocks are?
Ecological economics is different from the other economic theories because it recognizes the
e) human economy as one part of a dynamic world system
Rock formed from magma extruded to the surface through
Urbanizations began to grow especially quickly after what?
In a criminal case, being found guilty can result in ______ and in a civil case being found guilty can result in ____.
Criminal is jail and monetary; civil is only monetary
Which is true?
The US has only enough proven oil supplies to last 4 years at current rates of consumption
Which of the following is not a problem associated with international agreements?
When a factory pollutes a river, the costs and losses that affect people downstream would be called what?