Renal Structure & Function

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Anonymous
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8211
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Renal Structure & Function
Updated:
2010-02-26 11:29:28
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Renal
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Renal Structure & FunctionWHER
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  1. WHAT IS ANOTHER NAME FOR THE OUTER LAYER OF THE COLLECTING SYSTEM?
    CORTEX
  2. WHAT IS ANOTHER NAME FOR THE INNER LAYER OF THE COLLECTING SYSTEM?
    MEDULLA
  3. WHAT IS ANOTHER NAME FOR THE PYRAMIDS OF THE COLLECTING SYSTEM?
    CALYXES
  4. THE COLLECTING SYSTEM COMES TOGETHER TO FORM WHAT PARTS OF THE GENITOURINARY TRACT?
    • PAPILLAE
    • RENAL PELVIS
    • URETER
    • BLADDER
    • URETHRA
  5. WHERE DOES THE RENAL ARTERY BRANCH OFF THE AORTA?
    L1
  6. DESCRIBE THE PATH OF BLOOD FLOW IN THE KIDNEY
    • RENAL ARTERY
    • INTERLOBULAR ARTERY
    • AFFERENT ARTERIOLE
    • GLOMERULUS
    • EFFERENT ARTERY
    • ETC.
  7. WHAT SUPPLIES BLOOD TO THE GLOMERULUS?
    AFFERENT ARTERIOLE
  8. WHAT RECEIVES BLOOD FROM THE GLOMERULUS?
    EFFERENT ARTERY
  9. ACCORDING TO THE NOTES WHAT DOES THE GLOMERULUS PLAY A BIG ROLE IN?
    PHARMACEUTICAL TREATMENT
  10. INNERVATION OF THE KIDNEY IS PRIMARILY

    A) SYMPATHETIC
    B) PARASYMPATHETIC
    A) SYMPATHETIC
  11. STIMULATION OF THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM RESULTS IN WHAT 4 OUTCOMES?
    • 1) RENIN RELEASED FROM JGA
    • 2) INCREASE ANGIOTENSIN
    • 3) INCREASE ALDOSTERONE
    • 4) INCREASE IN BP
  12. WHERE IS RENIN RELEASED?
    JGA
  13. WHAT DRUG ACT ON THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM IN THE KIDNEY?
    ACE INHIBITORS (ACEI's)
  14. WHAT IS ANOTHER NAME FOR THE UNIQUE NETWORK OF CAPILLARIES IN THE RENAL NEPHRON?
    BOWMAN'S CAPSULE
  15. WHAT LINES THE CAPILLARY LUMEN?
    ENDOTHELIAL CELLS
  16. WHAT IS A GEL COMPOSED OF GLYCOPROTEIN THAT CONTAINS INTERWOVEN TYPE IV AND V COLLAGEN?
    BASEMENT MEMBRANE
  17. WHAT IS THE MAIN BARRIER OF FILTRATION OF PLASMA PROTEIN?
    BASEMENT MEMBRANE
  18. WHAT TWO DISEASES EFFECT THE BASEMENT MEMBRANE?
    • DIABETES MELLITUS
    • HYPERTENSION
  19. WHY SHOULD A HEALTHY PERSON NOT PASS PROTEIN IN URINE?
    BECAUSE ALBUMIN AND PORES BOTH HAVE A SLIGHTLY NEGATIVE CHARGE
  20. WHAT PART OF THE NEPHRON DOES ALPORT SYNDROME EFFECT?
    BASEMENT MEMBRANE
  21. BUZZ WORDS FOR ALPORT SYNDROME
    • DEAFNESS
    • DECREASE IN LARGE THROMBOCYTES
    • EYE ABNORMALITIES (CATARACTS)
  22. TREATMENT FOR ALPORT SYNDROME
    NO SPECIFIC TREATMENT

    MAY NEED RENAL DIALYSIS OR KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION
  23. WHAT CELLS CONTAIN SIALOPROTEIN?
    EPITHELIAL
  24. WHERE IS THE MAJOR SITE OF INJURY IN NON-INFLAMMATORY GLOMERULONEPHRITIS?
    EPITHELIAL CELLS
  25. WHAT IS THE MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDE GLYCOPROTEIN LATTICE ON WHICH GLOMERULAR TUFTS ARE SUSPENDED?
    MESANGIUM
  26. THE RENAL NEPHRON HAS RECEPTORS FOR WHAT?
    • ADH
    • ATII
  27. WHAT IS THE ORDER OF THE TUBULES?
    • PROXIMAL CONVOLUTED TUBULE
    • DESCENDING LOOP
    • ASCENDING LOOP
    • DISTAL CONVOLUTED TUBULE
    • COLLECTING DUCT
  28. WHAT STRUCTURE IS VERY CLOSE TO THE GLOMERULUS?
    JUXTAGLOMERULAR APPARATUS
  29. WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE VENOUS AREAS AROUND THE COLLECTING SYSTEM?
    VASA RECTA
  30. WHAT PARTS OF THE TUBULE LIES IN THE CORTEX?
    • PROXIMAL CONVOLUTED TUBULE
    • DISTAL CONVOLUTED TUBULE
  31. WHAT PART OF THE TUBULE LIES IN THE MEDULA?
    LOOP
  32. WHAT IS THE MACULA DENSA PORTION OF THE DCT?
    JUXTAGLOMERULAR APPARATUS
  33. WHERE IS RENIN FORMED?
    AFFERENT ARTERIOLE

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