CRJ110 #T5

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CRJ110 #T5
2011-04-27 00:01:24

CRJ110 #5
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  1. capital punishment issues
    • Discrimination Argument--race of victim is a huge factor
    • Deterrence argument
  2. inmate code
    • "don't inform"
    • "do your own time"
    • "don't trust guards"
  3. methods of execution:
    • lethal injection
    • electrocution
    • lethal gas
    • firing squad
    • hanging
  4. case that sanctioned the imposition of the death penalty on offenders who were at least 16 years of age at the time of the crime
    Stanford vs. Kentucky (1989)
  5. looked at rehab processes to see what worked.
    Except few examples, none of them worked.
    "What works?" (Robert Martinson-1975)
  6. prisoner vocab
    rats, merchants, gorillas- used to characterize them.
  7. black is 11x more likely to get death over white. Supreme Court agreed.
    McKleskey vs. Kemp (1975)
  8. Deprivation Model
    • (John Irwin) research in institutional
    • corrections
    • Deprivation of liberty- can’t do as you please
    • Deprivation of goods/services- no going for snack, etc.
    • Deprivation of heterosexual relations
    • Deprivation of personal autonomy- told what to do
    • Deprivation of security- w/ other inmates and guards
  9. requires full Due Process rights in revocation. Right to representation, with the decision.
    Morrissey vs. Brewer (1972)
  10. offender paying victim cost of damages (not pain & suffering).
  11. wrote Principles of Criminology in 1939. Differential Association.
    Edwin Sutherland
  12. decommissioned war ships used to house prisoners {unsanitary and most died}.
    imprisonment using ships (England)
  13. Removal of the offender from public. (Not always incarceration)
  14. identifying people that will commit more crimes.
    Selective Incapacitation
  15. name of English castle that started with incarceration for debt.
  16. Prison Riots
    New Mexico (1980) & Attica (1971) – dealt with inmates rights’
  17. inmate subculture brought from outside. They bring expectations into the prison itself.
    Importation Model
  18. Supreme Court ruled the death penalty is unconstitutional as it was being applied at the time {convicted of murder automatic death sentence}. (5-4 vote)
    Furman vs. Georgia (1972)
  19. Security levels of prisons
    minimum through super-max (federal)
  20. Reformatory movement (late 1800s)
    • Designed for young offenders; teaching
    • vocational training
    • First was in Elmira, NY in 1876 (Brockway- 1st warden)
  21. impact that snetence has on general public (death penalty)
    general deterrence
  22. sentence that deters offender from future wrongs
    special (specific) deterrence
  23. separation of powers; courts won’ hear cases involving prisons.
    "Hands Off" doctrine
  24. eye for an eye
    a penalty proportionate to the harm caused (Hammurabi- 1750 BC)
  25. Private sector sees profit, thus more streamline process
    CCA, Wackenhut
    private prisons
  26. flat sentence but may receive good time.
    (7 years instead of 1-20)
    determinate sentence
  27. flat sentence but may receive good time.
    determinate sentence
  28. fixed minimum but can be no maximum (7 to life)
    length of sentence is decided by parole board
    indeterminate sentence
  29. fixed minimum but can be no maximum (7 to life)
    length of sentence is decided by parole board
    indeterminate sentence
  30. Pre-sentence investigation
    • examine employment history, criminal record, community ties
    • helps to determine sentence, aids with rehabilitative efforts
    • helps with classification, gives info to parole board
    • PSI has major impact of final sentence
  31. penalty based on gravity of offense
    Just Deserts
  32. run locally for inmates of more than 2 days, but less that 1 year or pre-trial detainees
  33. houses prisoners for a year or more
  34. is a scheduled extended visit during which an inmate of a prison is permitted to spend several hours or days in private, usually with a legal spouse.
    conjugal visits
  35. intervention aimed at reducing inmates future criminality
  36. challenged freedom of religion
    Cooper vs. Pate (1964)
  37. NYT 1991: US gets this - highest incarceration rate in the world
    "Iron Medal"
  38. unpaid leaave with workers, not in prisons
    allows for short-term releases, but based upon trust they will come back
    Willie Horton
  39. "The Rock" closed in 1963 after 29 years of use
  40. it is re-offending, re-arrest, re-conviction, or re-incarceration