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3 characteristics that affect equilibrium of a carbonyl reaction
- strength of nucleophile
- steric hinderance
- resonance stabilization
what makes a molecule aromatic?
- odd # of double bonds (1,3,5,7)
- fully conjugated (sp2)
what makes a molecule anti-aromatic?
- even # of double bonds (2,4,6)
- fully conjugated
Best way to make acyl chloride?
Carcoxylic acid in S0Cl2 in a base to remove the hydrogen off the alcohol
Sulfonation of benzene?
Add SO3 followed by sulphuric acid
Friedel-crafts reaction requires this catalyst.
How is a nitrous group added to benzene?
HNO3 in H2SO4. Works with deactivated rings.
addition of a halogen to benzene?
- X2 ( chlorine or bromine)
- catalyst (AlCl3)
- works well for deactivated rings
Substitute NH2 on benzene for a halogen?
Substitute NH2 on benzene for alcohol?
- 1)NaNO2, H3O
- 2)H3O and heat
Replace NH2 on benzene with CN
Replace NH2 on benzene with H.
replace NO2 on benzene with NH2
H2 / Pt
reduce benzyl carbonyl group to CH2R on the benzene
What would you like to do?
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