OCHEM FINAL

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Author:
jmali921
ID:
82143
Filename:
OCHEM FINAL
Updated:
2011-04-27 00:35:27
Tags:
Organic Chem
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shit son
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  1. 3 characteristics that affect equilibrium of a carbonyl reaction
    • strength of nucleophile
    • steric hinderance
    • resonance stabilization
  2. what makes a molecule aromatic?
    • odd # of double bonds (1,3,5,7)
    • planar
    • fully conjugated (sp2)
  3. what makes a molecule anti-aromatic?
    • even # of double bonds (2,4,6)
    • fully conjugated
    • planar
  4. Best way to make acyl chloride?
    Carcoxylic acid in S0Cl2 in a base to remove the hydrogen off the alcohol
  5. Sulfonation of benzene?
    Add SO3 followed by sulphuric acid
  6. Friedel-crafts reaction requires this catalyst.
    AlCl3
  7. How is a nitrous group added to benzene?
    HNO3 in H2SO4. Works with deactivated rings.
  8. addition of a halogen to benzene?
    • X2 ( chlorine or bromine)
    • catalyst (AlCl3)
    • works well for deactivated rings
  9. Substitute NH2 on benzene for a halogen?
    • 1)NaNO2, H30
    • 2)CuX
  10. Substitute NH2 on benzene for alcohol?
    • 1)NaNO2, H3O
    • 2)H3O and heat
  11. Replace NH2 on benzene with CN
    • 1) NaNO2,H3O
    • 2)CuCN
  12. Replace NH2 on benzene with H.
    • 1)NaNO2, H3O
    • 2) NaBH4
  13. replace NO2 on benzene with NH2
    H2 / Pt
  14. reduce benzyl carbonyl group to CH2R on the benzene
    H2 /Pt

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