Psychology Test

Card Set Information

Psychology Test
2011-04-27 01:28:06

Test for Chapter 1...
Show Answers:

  1. Psychology is considered to be a ______ and a __________.
    Science and a Profession
  2. Psychology is defined as: the scientific study of ________ and the _________
    Behavior and the Mental Process
  3. What is the acronym for "BET"?
    • B= Behavior
    • E= Emotions
    • T= Thoughts
  4. What are the two (2) types of behaviors psychologist study?
    Overt and Covert
  5. What is the meaning of "overt"? Give an example...

    Examples: Hand shake, conversation, sleeping etc...
  6. What is the meaning of "Covert"? Give an example...
    Internal thoughts or ideas

    Example: starring out the window in deep thought.
  7. What is the study of "Developmental Psychology"?
    Study of developement from conception till death
  8. What ar "Learning Theorists"?
    How and why we learn
  9. What is the study of a "Comparative Psychologist"?
    Study the similarities between humans and animals
  10. What is the concept of Sensation and Perception?
    The use of our five (5) senses to help us understand the world.
  11. What is the study of a "Gender Psychologists"?
    Study the similarities and differences between men and women.
  12. What is the study of a "Social Psychologist"?
    Study of social behavior

    Examples: conformity, leadership, prejudice, stereotypes...
  13. What is the study of a "Biopsychologist"?
    study of the Brain & nervous system working together to impact behavior.
  14. What is the study of a "Cognitive Psychologist"?
    Study of thought Process & Problem solving ability.
  15. What is the study of a "Cultural Psychologist"?
    Study of how culture impacts behavior.
  16. What are the four (4) goals of Psychology?
    • 1. Description (who, what, when, where, how)
    • 2. Understanding (Why)
    • 3. Prediction (Forcast reacurring behavior)
    • 4. Control (Manipulate the result to gain your own outcome or get what you want.)
  17. The founder of Psychology better known as the "Father of Psychology" is ________?
    William Wundt
  18. William Wundt coined the phrase "_______: to look within; to examine one's own thoughts, feelings, or sensations."
  19. Edward _______ coined the phrase "________: the school of thought concerned with analyzing sensations and personal experience in basic elements.
    Edward Titchener coined "Structuralism".
  20. What is the meaning of "Structuralism"?
    Break everything down into five (5) senses and everything has a personal experience.
  21. William _______ coined "_________": school of psychology concerned with how behavior and mental abilities help people adapt to their environment.
    William James coined "Functionalism".
  22. What is the meaning of "Functualism"?
    How we adapt to change.
  23. What are the three (3) reasons that G. Stanley _________ is important?
    • G. Stanley HALL
    • 1. Founded the APA (American Psychological Association)
    • 2. Founded 1st Psychology lab in the USA @ John Hopkins.
    • 3. First person to get PHD in Psychology.
  24. What does the acronym "APA" stand for?
    • A= American
    • P= Psychological
    • A= Association
  25. Mary ________ is also known as "_______"???
    • Mary Calkins
    • 1. First women President of APA
    • 2. Foremother's of Psychology
  26. In 1906 Christine _________ was ranked among the 50 most important psychologist in america. What did she study?
    Christine Ladd Franklin studied color vision.
  27. Which gender has more psychologist in the respected field, men or women?
  28. In 1894 Margaret _________ was the first women to be awarded _______.
    Margaret Washburn was awarded her PHD in Psychology.
  29. B.F. ________ coined "________": school of psychology that emphasizes the study of overt, observable behavior
    B.F. Skinner coined "Behaviorism"

    Examples: overt behavior, classical conditioning, operant conditioning, rewards/punishment, observational learning...
  30. Define
    An approach that combines behavioral principles with cognition (perception, thinking, anticipation) to explain behavior.
  31. Max _______ coined "__________": a school of psychology emphasizing the study of thinking, learning, and perception in whole units, not by analyzing parts.
    Max Werthimer coined "__________".
  32. Carl _________ is the founder of "________": an approach to psychology that focuses on human experience, problems, potentials, and ideals.
    Carl Rogers founded "Humanistic".
  33. The idea that human beings are capable of freely making choices or decisions is called _________?
    Free-will or choice
  34. _________ is your perception of your own body, personality, and capabilities.
  35. __________ refers to appraising yourself as good or bad.
  36. _____________ is a mental perspective used to interpret events.
    Frame of Reference
  37. _____________: the ongoing process of fully developing one's personal potential.
  38. What is a Psychiatrist?
    Medical doctor that prescribes medication.
  39. What is the difference between a "School Counselor" and a "Counselor?
    A school counselor aid students w/class schedules and a counselor helps w/everyday issues.
  40. What is the purpose of a "Counseling Psychologists"?
    Aid people w/mild diagnosis that don't require medication.
  41. What is a "Clinical Psychologist"?
    Provide counseling to people w/severe disorders and provides medication if needed. Most Clinical Psychologist have PHD's.
  42. Sigmund _________ is the founder of "__________": this emphasizes the exploration of unconscious conflicts.
    Sigmund Freud founded "Pschoanalysis/Psychodynamic"
  43. A) To make the unconscious become conscious through:

    B) What is it called?
    A) Fredian Slips, No mistakes or accidents, Dreams {Monifest content & Latent content---->actual dreams}, Free Association

    B) Pschoanalysis/Psychodynamic
  44. Name the five (5) types of personalities according to Sigmund Freud:

    A) Too much is the same as ________
    B) Too little is the same as _________
    • 1. Oral
    • 2. Anal
    • 3. Phallic
    • 4. Catency
    • 5. Genital

    • A) Overindulgence
    • B) Underindulgence
  45. Who qouted this phrase, "Everything is related to sex & aggression"?
    Sigmund Freud