Govt Ch 21
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What are the 2 subnational govts?
What are 2 characteristics of subnational governments?
What are the 3 things that a state govt has?
legislature with 2 houses
What are the 2 steps to amending the state constitutions?
1. legislature passes a resolution by 2/3 votes
2. a majority vote in the next election ratifies it
What are two factors that can cause changes in state legislatures?
movement from rural to metropolitan
the movement to make the campaign for state legislators more important/attractive
What type of government has been the norm for state legislatures this decade?
True or False: Turn over rates are generally high for state legislators.
What is the governor's main constitutional responsibility?
administering public policy
What are the governor's 2 most important powers?
What are the 3 personal powers of a governor?
2nd highest executive official in state govt; presides over the state senate
Name at least three other executive offices in state govt.
What are the 3 functions of the state legislature?
oversee executive branch
reforms designed to improve the efficiency/effectiveness of state legislatures
What 3 legislative reforms have taken place in state govts?
lengthening of legislative sessions
increase legislators' salaries
increase in staff
The organization of state courts reflects what 2 influences?
model set by federal courts
judicial preferences of state's citizens
Intermediate Court of Appeal
reduces the pressure on the state supreme court of the many routine appeals of trial court decisions
method for selecting state judges in which governors appoint persons based on the recommendations of a committee
govt controlled directly by citizens who have a direct impact on policymaking and political process by means of the voting booth
process permitted in some states whereby voters may place proposed changes to state law on the ballot if sufficient signatures are obtained on petitions calling for such a vote
hybrid of legislative and direct policymaking; state level method of direct legislation that gives voters a chance to approve/disapprove legislation/constitutional amendments
allows voters to call a special election for a specific official in an attempt to throw him/her out of office before their term is up
local govts are subservient to state govts; local govts only have the powers given to them by the states
Where do local govts receive their power to operate from in the Constitution?
reserve powers under the 10th amendment
an organizational statement and grant of authority from a state to a local govt
practice by which municipalities are permitted by the states to write charters and change them within limits
What does the sheer number of local govts do to democracy?
It creates voter overload and ignorance which defeats the democratic purpose of citizen control
5 Types of Local Government
1. counties - administrative arm of state govt run by county commission
2. townships - administrative extensions of state and county govt
3. municipalities - originally run by town meetings; provide local programs/services
4. school districts
5. special districts - provide only a single service
3 Types of Municipal Governments
Council of Governments
councils in many areas of the country where officials from various localities meet to discuss mutual problems and plan join, cooperative action
periodically reviewing agencies to control the growth of govt and eliminate unneeded programs
Govt Ch 21
State Local Govts