HIST 172 Ch 14.txt

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HIST 172 Ch 14.txt
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2011-04-27 20:03:32
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  1. Regions in the 1840's
    • Rise in technological change (ex: Railroads)
    • Agricultural technology
    • Big and takes less farmers to make the same amount of food
    • More people in cities
    • More people moving west
    • Easten cities being crowded because of expansion issues
  2. North
    • Industrial
    • Bigger cities
    • More adapted
    • Import/export economy
    • Immigrants from Europe flood in North --> New York
    • Goes from rural to urban society
    • Commercial industry was about making stuff
  3. South
    • Slaveholding declines progressively
    • Atlantic slave trade is over
    • Slavery is still a commercial venture (buying and selling people)
    • People who had a lot of land (slaveholders) got rich
    • Less-developed infrastructure
  4. West
    • Opens the whole public debate on slavery which people try to ignore
    • Now in turns of property and constitutionality
    • Because of strength in south, north feared expansion of slavery
    • Did not want economies to take over
  5. Fugitive Slave Act of 1850
    • Same clauses where if one had come to free state could run away and don�t have to be taken back
    • Every case heard by judge, if a slave was not declared free he would get $10-->If free = $5
    • Legal precedent set by pro-slavery southerners
    • Brought slave issue ever near to conflict
  6. Nativism
    • Anti-immigrant
    • Had a lot of Irish-Catholic immigrants
    • Founding fathers were Protestants
    • Middle class condescension
    • Another level of class discrimination
    • Catholic and Irish voted Democrat
    • Played freeman against Catholic/Irish immigrants and are the competition for jobs
  7. John Brown
    • Violent abolitionist
    • Ultra-Christian
    • 1856: raw issues in Congress about slavery
    • 1859: plans to break into an armory-->steal weapons-->move south for slave army-->fight slave owners in the south
    • He was caught, tried, then executed
  8. Dred Scott
    • Decision 1858
    • Court case in Supreme court
    • Lost but chief justice's opinion was the thing that made the biggest deal because he ruled that
    • Slaves are property, African descendants cannot be citizens, only black people could be slaves
    • Defence of slavery is the law of line and are pure property
    • North: he becomes president
    • South votes to dissolve Union
    • CSA - Confederate States of America-->USA
  9. Frederick Douglass
    • Most compelling antislavery voice in America
    • Most famous runaway slave in America
  10. David Wilmot
    Democratic congressman from Pennsylvania, attatched to an appropriations bill an ammendment banning slavery from all territories acquires in the war with Mexico
  11. Wilmot Proviso
    To preserve western lands for white settlement
  12. Stephen A. Douglas
    • "Little Giant"
    • Illinois
    • Leading advocate of "popular sovereignty" as a solution to the crisis over slavery in the 1850s
  13. Kansas-Nebraska Act
    • Carved the Kansas Territory out of the larger Nebraska Territory
    • Increased support for northern antislavery politicians
  14. Lecompton Constitution
    Drawn up by proslavery partisans, representing a minority of Kansas residents

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