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something different from the norm
what has a negative connotation, bad reputation, and ostracize the person from society?
what are the functions of Deviance?
- clarifying norms
- unify the group
- diffuse tension
- promote social change
- provide jobs
society are reminded of norms by people who break rules and are caught
this draws a line between "good" members and outsiders
unifying the group
for when unhappy people who want to "act out"
identifies problem areas
where deviance is, authorities can change
promoting social change
what deviance function provide jobs to judges, lawyers, police officers, prison personnel..etc?
what are some perspectives and theories on explaining deviance?
- functionalist perspective
- conflict perspective
- interactionist perspective
- cultural transmission theory
- labeling theory
has the strain theory- caused by not attaining a certain high value goal
what perspective tells us that various classes in any society don't really like eachother?
what perspective has the control theory- study "normal" behavior in order to try to understand deviance
what theory says deviance is a learned behavior and says that the deviance look up to authority figures?
cultural transmission theory
studies how people in a society are labeled a deviant
what's a primary deviance?
an unknown deviance
what's a secondary deviance?
what includes every reported and persuade crime in U.S. in a year
Uniform Crime Report
what are 4 different types of crime?
- Victimless crimes
- white collar crimes
- Organized crimes
no victim apart from the person in question
example: prostitution and gamble
based on morality law
a "business" crime
examples: insider trading, $ laundering, embezzlement, tax invasion, fraud, misinterpretation, identity theft, price fixing
white collar crime
usually conducted by a crime syndicate (family)
hiearchy of criminals
what are the following under: vandalism, arson, pollution crimes, willfull destruction of property, burglary, trespassing, grand theft auto?
what are the type of courts?
- county court
- appellate court
1st trial begins at this court
what are some correction facilities for deviants.
- drug rehab programs
- community service/probabtion
- mental health facility
- house arrest/prison
odds of returning to prison
percentage of repeat offenders?
percentage of back in prison within 5 years?
one of the oldest punishments
people in a given society aren't equal
what are the 2 types of stratefication systems?
caste and classes
ability to advance/disadvance oneself in a society
actions in life/role performance
role expectation...set of rules for living
reacting perfection with your soul, becoming one with the diety
marriage outside of social class
marriage inside social class
what are the 3 dimensions/aspects of class systems