Microbiology Innate Test 3

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p.reilly1227
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82389
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Microbiology Innate Test 3
Updated:
2011-04-28 09:34:51
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Microbiology Innate Test Three
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Microbiology Innate
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  1. Innate immunity provides __?__ to infection using __?__.
    • Barrier
    • non-specific defenses
  2. the adaptive immune system is __?__ and reacts to __?__.
    • specific
    • antigens
  3. The __?__ is most important.
    Innate immune system
  4. The three main components of the innate immune system are __?__.
    • Physical
    • cellular
    • Other
  5. The physical defenses include __?__.
    • Barriers
    • Mechanical removal
    • Chemical weapons
  6. The cellular defenses include __?__.
    • Macrophages
    • Nuetrophils
  7. The other defenses are __?__.
    • Complement sys
    • Inflammation
    • Fever
  8. The physical barriers are __?__.
    the Skin, Mucous, Cilia, and Toll-like receptors (receptors on various cells that recognize PAMPs)
  9. PAMPs are __?__ and include __?__.
    • Pathogen Associated Molecular Patterns
    • Cell walls, flagella, pili, foriegn nucleic acid types.
  10. Neutrophils destroy foreign bodies using __?__ and __?__.
    Defensins and Cathelicidins.
  11. Defensins are __?__.
    cationic peptides that destroy the cytoplasmic membrane because of prokaryotic membrane potential.
  12. Cathelicidins are __?__.
    Cationic AMPs that penetrate to the cytoplasm and disrupt protein synthesis.
  13. AMPs are found in __?__, __?__, and __?__.
    Macrophages, Nuetrophils, and on the Skin.
  14. Cells of the immune system include __?__, __?__, and __?__.
    Nuetrophils, Basophils, and Eosinophils (Innate), macrophages (Both), Lymphocytes (Adaptive)
  15. Basophils and eosinophils operate by __?__.
    releasing toxins that poison microbes.
  16. The stages of phagocytosis are __?__.
    Adherence, Ingestion, phagosome, lysosome/phagosome fusion, degredation, expulsion.
  17. Neutrophils use the __?__ and __?__ methods to kill microbes.
    • Secreation of AMP granules
    • DNA NETs
  18. The kamikaze method operates as __?__.
    A special apoptosis which release DNA forming a "net" to trap bacteria in.

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