HOSA Bowl

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alamato12
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8246
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HOSA Bowl
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2010-02-26 15:32:54
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Hosa Bowl
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Hosa Bowl
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  1. What is the name of the person who advocated handwashing after autopsies and before delivering babies?
    IGNAZ SEMMELWEIS
  2. Who was the founder of the American Red Cross?
    CLARA BARTON
  3. Who described the structure of DNA?
    CRICK AND WATSON
  4. What term describes patients admitted to hospitals with certain diagnoses who are classified in one payment group as a method of managing health cost?
    DIAGNOSIS RELATED GROUPS (DRGS)
  5. Patients who obtain health care services outside hospitals are classified as ________?
    OUTPATIENTS
  6. What were early pharmacists called?
    APOTHECARIES
  7. What ancient population believed in treating the whole body?
    THE CHINESE
  8. Components of most plans to protect populations in every county include vaccine production, antiviral drugs, international cooperation, protective public health measures and _________?
    EDUCATION
  9. In holistic health care, treatment is directed toward _________ and _______________ of the body?
    PROTECTION AND RESTORATION
  10. What name is applied to therapies that replace biomedical treatment methods?
    ALTERNATIVE
  11. In primitive times, disease and illness were thought to be caused by what two things?
    DEMONS AND EVIL SPIRITS
  12. What ancient population group was the first to record health records?
    THE EGYPTIANS
  13. Use of video, audio, and computer systems to provide medical and health care services is called what?
    TELEMEDICINE
  14. What is the name of the inventor of the stethoscope, often called the �Father of Pulmonary Diseases�
    RENE LAENNEC
  15. Methods of treatment used in conjunction with conventional medical therapies is called ?
    COMPLEMENTARY THERAPIES
  16. Health care services to what population group is experiencing continued rapid growth?
    OLDER ADULTS / ELDERLY
  17. What term is applied to the use of mainstream medical treatments and complementary and alternative (CAM) therapies?
    INTEGRATIVE HELATH CARE
  18. What factor determines the broad classification of hospitals?
    SOURCES OF FUNDING
  19. What types of services are provided in most medical offices?
    DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT, EXAMINATION, AND BASIC LABORATORY TESTING
  20. What type of health care facility provides care to patients who have physical and mental disabilities?
    REHABILITATION
  21. Care provided to terminally ill persons whose life expectancy is no more than six months is known as what?
    HOSPICE CARE
  22. What is Medicare?
    A FEDERAL GOVERNMENTAL INSURANCE PROGRAM FOR PEOPLE AGE 65 OR OLDER
  23. Facilities that provide total health care directed toward preventive care are called what?
    HEALTH MAINTAINENCE ORGANIZATIONS
  24. The American Heart Association is an example of what type of health agency?
    NONPROFIT
  25. The health insurance plan that provides care for the military personnel and their families is called what?
    TRICARE
  26. What type of health care facility provides care to older adults and those with disabilities or chronic illnesses?
    LONG-TERM CARE
  27. What term describes a health insurance plan provided to employees by companies who contract with certain health care agencies to provide certain types of care at reduced rates?
    PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATION
  28. A clinic providing care to acutely ill or emergency treatment is called emergency care or care clinic?
    URGENT
  29. What is the basic principle behind managed care?
    ALL HEALTH CARE PROVIDED TO A PATIENT MUST HAVE A PURPOSE
  30. Veterans Administration hospitals are an example of what type of hospital?
    GOVERNMENT
  31. To renew a license or maintain certification, persons in many states are required to obtain additional hours of education called what?
    CONTINUING EDUCATION UNITS
  32. Health care workers who perform tests or evaluations that aid in the detection, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, or other physical conditions belong to the category of what careers?
    • DIAGNOSTIC SERVICES
    • What nutrition service career involves managing food service systems, assessing patient�s nutritional needs, purchasing food and equipment, and nutritional education of patients?
    • DIETICIANS / NUTRITIONISTS
  33. What National Health Care Skill Standards (NHCSS) cluster specifies the knowledge and skills required of workers in health career s who are involved with documentation of patient care?
    HEALTH INFORMATICS
  34. Health care workers who can perform a variety of health care skills are called ____________ workers?
    MULTISKILLED OR MULTICOMPETENT
  35. What type of technologists operate machines that record the electrical activity in the brain?
    ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHIC
  36. The physician who examines, diagnoses, and treat disease/disorder fo the foot or leg below the knee is called a (n) __________.
    PODIATRIST
  37. A nurse assistant leaves a patient�s bedrail down and the patient falls out of bed. What charge can be brought against the assistant?
    NEGLIGENCE
  38. When a patient is physically restrained without proper authorization or without justification, what kind of tort is involved?
    FALSE IMPRISONMENT
  39. What are the three parts of a contract?
    OFFER, ACCEPTANCE AND CONSIDERATION
  40. What happens if a health care worker fails to meet their legal responsibilities?
    Legal action can be taken against the worker and their employer
  41. Residents in long term care facilities are guaranteed certain rights under what?
    OMNIBUS BUDGET RECONCILITIAON ACT OF 1987
  42. What is defined as a threat or attempt to injure another?
    ASSAULT
  43. When a patient signs a consent for a surgical procedure this is an example of what type of contract?
    EXPRESSED CONTRACT
  44. What is an agreement between two or more persons?
    CONTRACT
  45. What is a false statement that causes ridicule or damage to another person�s reputation called?
    DEFAMATION
  46. What is the name of the legal document where a person states what medical care they want or do not want if incapacitated?
    ADVANCED DIRECTIVES
  47. When a person has limitations that does not allow them to enter into a contract they have a ____________.
    LEGAL DISABILITY
  48. What is it called when threats or attempts to injure another person?
    ASSAULT
  49. This is the set of principles relating to what is morally wrong or right.
    EHTICS
  50. A false spoken comment that causes a person to be ridiculed or damage�s a persons reputation.
    SLANDER
  51. Failure to give care that is normally expected that results in injury to another person.
    NEGLIGENCE
  52. Professional negligence is called what?
    MALPRACTICE
  53. Permission for treatment granted voluntarily by a person who is aware of all factors involved.
    INFORMED CONSENT
  54. Any care that results in physical harm, pain, or mental anguish
    ABUSE
  55. This is a false written statement causing a person to be ridiculed or damages a person reputation.
    LIBEL
  56. Wrongful act that does not involve a contract.
    TORT
  57. Factors of care that all patients can expect to receive.
    PATIENT RIGHTS
  58. Body weight 20% or more above average recommended weight.
    OBESITY
  59. What vitamin is important for protein metabolism, maturation of red blood cells, and formation of hemoglobin?
    FOLIC ACID
  60. This is the rate at which the body uses energy just for maintaining its own tissue.
    BASAL
  61. These are the 22 building blocks that make up proteins.
    AMINO ACIDS
  62. This type of diet eliminates foods that are high in bulk and fiber.
    LOW RESIDUE
  63. What is the state of poor nutrition?
    MALNUTRITION
  64. The term for high blood pressure
    HYPERTENSION
  65. This is a state of good health with optimal body function.
    WELLNESS
  66. What is a diet of foods that require little chewing and are easy to digest?
    SOFT DIET
  67. What is the fibrous indigestible form of carbohydrate?
    CELLULOSE
  68. What is a diet that contains easily digested foods that do not irritate the digestive tract?
    BLAND
  69. What is a vitamin found in meats, poultry, fish, and peanuts and promotes healthy skin and nerves?
    NIACIN
  70. Organic proteins essential to life are called what?
    VITAMINS
  71. The process whereby blood capillaries pick up digested nutrients is called what?
    ABSORBTION
  72. What is the applied science used to promote safety by adapting the environment to the human body using techniques to prevent injury?
    ERGONOMICS
  73. What is the way in which the body moves and maintains balance?
    BODY MECHANICS
  74. What rule of body mechanics should be used to get close to an object?
    BEND FROM THE HIPS AND KNEES
  75. What is the acronym and what does it stand for when using a fire extinguisher?
    • P- pull the pin
    • A � aim
    • S � squeeze the handle
    • S - sweep
  76. What is the acronym and what does it stand for when dealing with a fire?
    • R � rescue
    • A � alarm
    • C- confine
    • E � extinguish
  77. What is the common bacterium that causes a severe sore throat and rheumatic fever?
    STREPTOCOCCUS
  78. If a sterile towel or article gets wet, the field is considered to be what?
    CONTAMINATED
  79. What is the process that destroys all microorganisms, both pathogenic and nonpathogenic, including spores and viruses?
    STERILIZATION
  80. Which is the largest of the endocrine glands?
    Thyroid
  81. Name the medical specialist who diagnoses and treats the disease through the use of radiant energy.
    Radiologist
  82. What form is used to introduce complex motions?
    A Resolution
  83. Where is spermatozoa manufactured?
    In the testes
  84. What part of the brain controls the heartbeat, blood pressure, and respirations?
    Medulla
  85. What anesthetic was first used by Dr. James Simpson in 1847?
    Chloroform
  86. Who was the scientist who first demonstrated his theory about the circulation of blood?
    William Harvey
  87. When can corrections to an organizations minutes be made?
    Anytime a mistake is discovered
  88. What is the medical term for the tailbone?
  89. Coccyx
  90. What is the medical name for German or three day measles?
    Rubella
  91. What is the minimum grade level required to be considered for a National HOSA Officer?
    Tenth Grade (10)
  92. What is the term when the power of attorney is given by one member to another, to vote in his/her stead?
    Proxy Vote
  93. Name the serous membrane that covers most of the organs in the abdominal cavity.
    Peritoneum
  94. Name the test discovered in the 20th century to diagnose cervical cancer?
    Papanicolaou test or Pap test
  95. Name an instrument that is used to measure eye�s refractive power.
    Optometer
  96. Who is credited with beginning humane treatment for mental illness.
    Dr. Philippe Pinel
  97. What is a contagious infection of the parotid glands called?
    Mumps
  98. How many questions are included in the written knowledge tests.
    100 Multiple choice and 1 essay tie breaker
  99. What is the basic structure unit of all living organisms?
    Cell
  100. If you have type A blood, what type of antigen is in your blood?
    A
  101. What food nutrient does a person with gallbladder disease have problems digesting?
    Fat

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