Male reproductive system

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Male reproductive system
2011-04-28 14:34:33
Med Terms

Med Terms ch 14
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  1. balan/o
    glans penis
  2. epididym/o
  3. orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o, test/o
    testis or testicle
  4. perine/o
  5. prostat/o
  6. sperm/o, spermat/o
    sperm (seed)
  7. vas/o
  8. scrotum
    skin-covered puch in the groin divided into two sacs, each containing a testis and an epididymis
  9. testis/testicle
    one of the two male reproductive glands, located int eh scrotum, that produce sperm and the hormone testosterone
  10. sperm/ spermatozoon
    male gamete or sex cell produced in the testes that unites with the ovum in the female to produce offspring
  11. epididymis
    coiled duct on the top and at the side of the testis that stores sperm before emission
  12. penis
    erectile tissue covered with skin that contains the urethra for urination and the ducts for secretion of seminal fluid (semen)
  13. glans penis
    bulging structure at the distal end of the penis
  14. prepuce
    foreskin; loose casing that covers the glans penis; removed by circumcision
  15. vas deferens
    duct that carries sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct
  16. seminal vesicle
    one of two sac-like structures behind the bladder and connected to the vas deferens on each side; secretes and alkaline substance into the semen to enable the sperm to live longer
  17. semen
    a mixture of the secretions fo the testes, seminal vesicles, prostate, and bulbourethral glands discharged from the male urethra during orgasm
  18. ejaculatory duct
    duct formed by the union of the vas deferens with the duct of the seminal vesicle; its fluid is carried into the urethra
  19. prostate gland
    trilobular gland that encircles the urethra just below the bladder and secretes an alkaline fluid into the semen
  20. bulbourethral glands/ cowper glands
    pair of glands below the prostate, with ducts opening into the urethra, that adds a viscid (sticky) fluid to the semen
  21. perineum
    external region between the scrotum and anus in a male and between the vulva and anus in a female
  22. aspermia
    inability to secrete or ejaculate sperm
  23. azoospermia
    semen without living spermatozoa; a sign of infertility in a male
  24. oligospermia
    scanty production and expulsion of sperm
  25. mucopurulent discharge
    drainage of mucus and pus
  26. anorchism
    absence of one or both testes
  27. balanitis
    inflammation of the glans penis
  28. cryptorchism/ cryptorchidism
    undescended testicle, or failure of a testis to descend into the scrotal sac during fetel development; the testis most often remains lodged in the abdomen or inguinal canal, requiring surgical repair
  29. epididymitis
    inflammation of the epididymis
  30. erectile dysfunction (ED)
    failure to initiate or maintain an erection until ejaculation b/c of physical or psychologic dysfunction; formerly termed impotence
  31. hydrocele
    hernia fluid in the testis or in the tubes leading from the testis
  32. hypospadias
    congenital opening of the male urethra on the undersurface of the penis
  33. peyronie disease
    disorder characterized by a buildup of hardened fibrous tissue in the corpus cavernosum, causing pain and a defective curvature of the penis, especially during erection
  34. phimosis
    a narrowed condition of the prepuce (foreskin) resulting in its inability to be drawn over the glans penis, often leading to infection; commonly requires circumcision
  35. benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)/ benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)
    enlargement of the prostate gland, common in older men, causing urinary obstruction
  36. prostate cancer
    malignancy of the prostate gland
  37. prostatitis
    inflammation of the prostate
  38. spermatocele
    painless, benign cystic mass containing sperm lying above and posterior to, but separate from, the testicle
  39. testicular cancer
    malignant tumor in one or both testicles commonly developing from the germ cells that produce sperm; classified in two groups according to growth potential
  40. seminoma
    most common type of testicular tumor, composed of immature germ cells; highly treatable with early detection
  41. nonseminoma
    testicular tumor arising from more mature germ cells; these tumors have a tendency to be more aggressive than seminomas and often develop earlier in life; includes choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, teratoma, and yolk sac tumors
  42. variocele
    enlarged , swollen, herniated veins near the testis
  43. chlamydia
    most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in North America; often occurs with no symptoms and is treated only after it has spread
  44. gonorrhea
    contagious inflammation of the genital muccous membranes caused by invasion of the gonococcus Neisseria gonorrhea
  45. syphilis
    sexually transmitted infection caused by a spirochete and which may involve any organ or tissue over time; usally manifests first on the skin, with the appearance of small, painless, red papules that erode and form bloodless ulcers called chancres
  46. hepatitis B virus (HBV)
    virus that causes inflammation of the liver; transmitted through any body fluid, including vaginal secretions, seme, and blood
  47. herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2)
    virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), which permits various opportunistic infections, malignancies, and neurologic diseases, contracted through exposure to contaminated blood or body fluid
  48. human papilloma virus (HPV)
    virus transmitted by direct sexual contact that causes an infection that can occur on the skin or mucous membranes of the genitals
  49. condyloma acuminatum
    lesion that appears as a result of human papilloma virus; on the skin, lesions appear as cauliflower-like warts, and on mucous membranes, they have a flat appearance; also known as venereal or genital warts
  50. biopsy (Bx)
    tissue sampling used to identify neoplasia
  51. biopsy of the prostrate
    needle biopsy of the prostate; often performed using ultrasound guidance
  52. testicular biopsy
    biopsy of a testicle
  53. digital rectal exam (DRE)
    insertion of a finger into the male rectum to palpate the rectum and prostate
  54. prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test
    blood test used to screen for prostate cancer; an elevated level of the antigen indicates the possible presence of tumor
  55. urethrogram
    x-ray of the urethraand prostate
  56. semen analysis
    study of semen, including a sperm count with observation of morphology (form) and mobility; usually performed to rule out male infertility
  57. endorectal sonogram of the prostate/ transrectal sonogram of the prostate
    scan of the prostate made after introducing an ultrasonic transducer into the rectum; also used to guide needle biopsy
  58. circumcision
    removal of the foreskin (prepuce), exposing the glans penis
  59. epidymectomy
    removal of an epididymis
  60. orchiectomy/ orchidectomy
    removal of a testicle
  61. orchioplasty
    repair of a testicle
  62. orchiopexy
    fixation of an undescended testis in the scrotum
  63. prostatectomy
    excision of the prostate gland
  64. transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
    removal fo prostatic gland tissue through the urethra using a resectoscope, a specialized urologic endoscope; common treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia/hypertrophy (BPH)
  65. vasectomy
    removal of the segment of the vas deferens to produce sterility in the male
  66. vasovasostomy
    restoration of the function of the vas deferens to regain fertility after a vasectomy
  67. chemotherapy
    treatment of malignancies, infections, and other diseases with chemicla agents that destroy selected cells or impair their ability to reproduce
  68. radiation therapy
    treatment of neoplastic disease using radiation, usually from a cobalt source, to stop the proliferation of malignant cells
  69. brachytherapy
    radiation therapy technique involving internal implantation of radioactive isotopes, such as radioactive seeds to treat prostate cancer
  70. hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
    use of a hormone to remedy a deficiency or regulat production
  71. penile prosthesis
    implantation of a device designed to provide an erection of the penis; used to treat physicla impotence
  72. penile self-injection
    intracavernosal injection therapy causing an erection; used in treatment of erectile dysfunction
  73. BPH
    benign prostatic hyperplasia; benign prostatic hypertrophy
  74. Bx
  75. DRE
    digital rectal exam
  76. ED
    erectile dysfunction
  77. HBV
    heapatitis B virus
  78. HIV
    human immunodeficiency virus
  79. HPV
    human papilloma virus
  80. HRT
    hormone replacement therapy
  81. HSV-2
    herpes simplex virus type-2
  82. PSA
    prostate-specific antigen
  83. STD
    sexually transmitted disease
  84. TURP
    transurethral resection of the prostate