Literary Terms 2

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Literary Terms 2
2010-02-26 17:15:05
AP English 12

Literary Terms
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  1. Doggerel
    crudely or irregularly fashioned verse, often of a humerous or burlesque nature
  2. End-stopped line
    a line of poetry ending with a break in the meter and in the meaning
  3. ellipsis
    the deliberate omission of a word from prose done for effect by the author

    Ex. Let us, then, take up the sword, trusting in God, who will defend the right, remembering that these are other days than those of your; (remembering) that the world is on the side of universal freedom
  4. enjambment
    the continuation of a syntactic unit from one line or couplet of a poem to the next with no pause
  5. epistrophe
    ending a series of lines, phrases, clauses, or sentences with the same word or words

    • Ex. Hourly joys be still upon you
    • Juno sings her blessing on you
    • Scarcity and want shall shun you
    • Ceres' blessing so is on you
  6. euphemism
    the act of substituting a mild, indirect, or vague term for one considered harsh, blunt, or offensive; sometimes they are used for political correctness

    Ex. Physically challenged instead of crippled
  7. euphony
    a smooth, pleasant sounding choice and arrangement of sounds (pg 867)
  8. Extended/Sustained Figure
    • a figure of speech sustained or developed through a considerable number of lines or through a whole poem
    • (725)
  9. Farce
    a type of drama related to comedy but emphasizing improbably situations, violent conflicts, physical action, and coarse wit over characterization or articulated plot
  10. Feminine rhyme
    a rhyme in which the repeated accented vowel is i either the second or third alst syllable of the words involved

    Ex. Ceiling-appealing, hurrying-scurrying)
  11. Fixed form
    a form of poem in which the length and pattern are prescribed by previous usage or tradition, such as a sonnet, villanelle
  12. Foil
    a minor character whose situation or actions parallel those of a major character and thus by contrast illuminates the major character
  13. Hamartia
    a criminal act committed in ignorance of some material fact or even for the sake of a greater good
  14. internal rhyme
    a rhyme in which one or both of the rhyme words occurs within the line

    Ex. While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping
  15. Juxtaposition
    placing two or more things side by side for comparison or contrast

    Ex. An author may juxtapose the average day of a typical American with that of someone in the third world in order to make a point of social commentary
  16. Litotes
    deliberate understatement, especially when expressing a thought by denying its opposite

    Ex. War is not healthy for children and other living things
  17. Masculine Rhyme
    also know as a single rhyme, which is a rhyme in which the repeated accented vowel sound is in the final syllable of the words involved

    Ex. Dance, Pants; Scald, Recalled