MAT Common Vocab

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MAT Common Vocab
2011-05-05 23:56:52

MAT common vocab
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  1. Abaft
    adv.-on or toward the rear of a ship (astern, posterior, hind)
  2. Abjure
    v.-to renounce upon oath (relinquish, reject, disavow)
  3. Abdicate
    v.-to reject, denounce, or abandon (disown, give up, repudiate)
  4. Abnegation
    n.-a denial (abdication, relinquishment, denial)
  5. Abscond
    v.-to go away hastily or secretly c/ intention to hide; to avoid capture by authorities (run away, escape, bolt)
  6. Abstemious
    adj.-sparing in diet; sparingly used (self-denying, temperate, abstinent)
  7. Abysmal
    adj.-bottomless; extraordinarily bad (dreadful, awful, terrible)
  8. Acerbity
    n.-harshness or bitterness (acidity, asperity, astringency)
  9. Acrimony
    n.-sharpness (bitterness, anger, rancor)
  10. Addle
    adj.-confused (muddled, muzzy, fuddled)
  11. Adjure
    v. to entreat earnestly and solemnly (asseverate, authenticate, petition)
  12. Adulation
    n. praise in excess (idolization, veneration, blandishments)
  13. Agrarian
    adj. relating to land and the equal divisions of land (agricultural, pastoral, rustic)
  14. Alchemy
    n. any imaginary power of transmitting one thing into another (chemistry, magic, sorcery)
  15. Allegory
    n. symbolic narration or description (parable, analogy, metaphor)
  16. Annihilate
    v. to reduce to nothing (destroy, obliterate, liquidate)
  17. Arrogate
    v. to claim or demand unduly (seize, expropriate, usurp)
  18. Artifice
    n. skill; deception (guile; cunning; chicanery; fraud)
  19. Askance
    adv. 1. sideways 2. with suspicion (skeptically, cynically, dubiously)
  20. Attenuate
    v. 1. to make thin or slender 2. to lessen or weaken (slender; spindly/reduced;diminished)
  21. Avarice
    n. inordinate desire of gaining and possessing wealth (greed, acquisitiveness, materialism)
  22. Beholden
    adj. obliged; indebted (obligated; grateful)
  23. Bellicose
    adj. warlike; disposed to quarrel or fight (belligerent; hostile, pugnacious)
  24. Besmirch
    v. to soil or discolor (sully, tarnish, taint)
  25. Bestial
    adj. having the qualities of a beast (savage, brutish, barbarous)
  26. Blighted
    adj. destroyed; frustrated (mar, scotch, stymie)
  27. Bode
    v. to foreshadow something (augur, portend, herald)
  28. Boorish
    adj. rude; ill-mannered (uncouth, ill-bred, unrefined)
  29. Broach
    v. 1. to pierce 2. to introduce into conversation (1. puncture;uncork 2. raise;introduce)
  30. Bucolic
    adj. pastoral (rustic, rural, countryside)
  31. Burlesque
    v. to imitate comically (parody, caricature, farce)
  32. Callow
    adj. immature (inexperienced, adolescent, unworldly)
  33. Calumny
    n. slander (defamation, libel, obloquy)
  34. Canard
    n. a false statement or rumor (dishonesty, fabrication, prevarication)
  35. Candid
    adj. open;frank;honest (outspoken, blunt; direct)
  36. Carte Blanche
    n. unlimited power to decide (free rein, a blank check)
  37. Castigate
    v. to chastise (reprimand, admonish, scold)
  38. Cataclysm
    n. 1. overflowing of water 2. extraordinary change (2.disaster, devastation, act of God)
  39. Catharsis
    n. purgation (emotional release, relief, purification)
  40. Cavil
    v. to find fault without good reason (quibble, carp)
  41. Cessation
    n. a ceasing; a stop (termination, halting; breaking off)
  42. Chafe
    v. 1. to rage; to fret 2. rub to the point rawness/irritation (1. angry;exasperated 2. abrade;scrape)
  43. Chaffing
    n. banter; teasing (repartee, badinage, wisecracks)
  44. Chaste
    adj. virtuous; free from obscenity
  45. Choleric
    adj. easily irritated; angry (cantankerous, touchy, snappish)
  46. Clandestine
    adj. secret; private; hidden (covert, furtive, surreptitious)
  47. Cogent
    adj. urgent; compelling; convincing (forcible, inducing, puissant)
  48. Collusion
    n. secret agreement for a fraudulent or illegal purpose (conspiracy, complicity, plotting)
  49. Comport
    v. to agree; to accord (behave, conduct oneself)
  50. Conclave
    n. any private meeting or closed assembly (meeting, gathering, summit)
  51. Connivance
    n. passive cooperation (collusion, collaboration, conspiracy)
  52. Consort
    n. 1. a companion v. 2. to be in harmony or agreement (1. partner;2.socialize)
  53. Contravene
    v. to go against; to oppose (conflict with, be at odds with, run counter to)
  54. Crass
    adj. gross; thick; coarse (stupid, ignorant, blundering)
  55. Cursory
    adj. hasty; slight (half-done, perfunctory, desultory)
  56. Dauntless
    adj. fearless; not discouraged (determined, indomitable, intrepid)
  57. Decadence
    n. a decline in force or quality; moral decay (degeneracy, debauchery, intemperance)
  58. Deciduous
    adj. falling off a a particular season or stage of growth (fugacious, impermanent)
  59. Decry
    v. to denounce or condemn openly (criticize, run down, pillory)
  60. Defunct
    adj. no longer living or existing (inoperative, unusable, obsolete)
  61. Deliquesce
    v. to melt away (liquify, thaw)
  62. Deposition
    n. 1. a removal from a position of power 2. a testimony (statement, affirmation, evidence)
  63. Depredation
    n. a plundering or laying waste (looting, pillaging, rape)
  64. Descant
    v. to comment at length on a theme (comment, criticize, discussion)
  65. Despoil
    v. to strip; to rob (plunder pillage, ravage)
  66. Despotism
    n. 1. tyranny 2. absolute power or influence (authoritarianism, autocracy, dictatorship)
  67. Desultory
    adj. without order or natural connection (casual, unmethodical, aimless)
  68. Diffidence
    n. 1. lack of self-confidence 2. distrust (bashfulness, self-effacement, meekness)
  69. Dilapidated
    n. (decrepit, ramshackle, rickety)
  70. Dilettante
    n. an admirer of the fine arts; a dabbler (amateur, layman, nonprofessional)
  71. Dint
    n. a blow; a stroke (nick, con-cavity, crenel)
  72. Disarray
    n. 1. disorder; confusion 2. incomplete or disorderly attire (chaos, tangle, shambles)
  73. Divulge
    v. to make known (reveal, expose, make public)
  74. Doughty
    adj. brave; valiant (dauntless, indomitable, stouthearted)
  75. Dregs
    n. waste or worthless matter (residue, riffraff, untouchables)
  76. Ecclesiastic
    adj. pertaining or relating to a church (priestly, canonical, sacerdotal)
  77. Edify
    v. 1. to build or establish 2. to instruct and improve the mind (enlighten, cultivate, develop)
  78. Efface
    v. to erase; to remove from the mind (eradicate, expunge, blot out)
  79. Effrontery
    n. impudence (cockiness, audacity, temerity)
  80. Effusive
    adj. pouring out or forth; overflowing (unrestrained, lavish, enthusiastic)
  81. Egregious
    adj. remarkably bad, outrageous (appalling, atrocious, heinous)
  82. Egress
    v. to depart; to go out (withdrawal, retreat, exodus)
  83. Elegy
    n. a poem of lament and praise for the dead (requiem, threnody, dirge)
  84. Elucidate
    v. to make clear or manifest; to explain (illuminate, clarify, explicate)
  85. Emananate
    v. to send forth; to emit (issue, spread, radiate)
  86. Embellish
    v. to improve the appearance of (adorn, beautify, festoon)
  87. Enamored
    adj. filled with love and desire (infatuated with, keen on, fascinated by)
  88. Encroach
    v. to trespass or intrude (obtrude on, infiltrate, violate)
  89. Encumber
    v. to hold back; to hinder (impeded, constrain, inconvenience)
  90. Enrapture
    v. to fill with pleasure (delight, enchant, beguile)
  91. Epilogue
    n. closing section of a play or novel providing further comment (afterword, coda, appendix)
  92. Epiphany
    n. an appearance of a supernatural being (revelation, adumbration, divination)
  93. Epitaph
    n. an inscription on a monument, in honor or memory of a dead person (commemoration, elegy)
  94. Epitome
    n. a part that is typical of the whole (personification, paragon, archetype)
  95. Equivocate
    v. to be purposely ambiguous (prevaricate, be evasive, be vague)
  96. Eschew
    v. to escape from; to avoid (forgo, steer clear of, disavow)
  97. Estranged
    adj. kept at a distance; alienated (antagonize, turn away, drive away)
  98. Ethereal
    adj. 1. very light; airy 2. heavenly; no earthly (delicate, exquisite, fragile)
  99. Euphemism
    n. the use of a word or phrase in place of one that is distasteful (polite term, substitute, genteelism)
  100. Faction
    n. a # of people in an organization having a common end view (clique, coterie, cabal)
  101. Fatuous
    adj. silly; inane; unreal (stupid, pointless, ludicrous)
  102. Fealty
    n. fidelity; loyalty (allegiance)
  103. Feign
    v. to invent or imagine (simulate)
  104. Ferment
    v. to excite or agitate (mayhem)
  105. Fervid
    adj.1. very hot; burning 2. intensely fervent or zealous (wholehearted; sincere)
  106. Fidelity
    n. faithfulness; honesty
  107. Foible
    n. a slight frailty in character (quirk)
  108. Foist
    v. to put in slyly or stealthily 2. to pass off as genuine or valuable (palm off on)
  109. Foray
    v. to raid for spoils, plunder (sortie, sally, incursion)
  110. Forensic
    adj. pertaining to legal or public argument
  111. Fortitude
    n. firm courage; strength
  112. Fractitious
    adj. rebellious; apt to quarrel
  113. Fraught
    adj. loaded; charged with
  114. Fulminate
    v. 1. to explode with sudden violence 2. isssue thunderous verbal attack or denunciation
  115. Galvanize
    v. to stimulate as if by electric shock; startle; excite
  116. Gamut
    n. 1. a complete range 2. complete musical scale
  117. Garish
    adj. gaudy; showy
  118. Gauche
    adj. awkward; lacking grace
  119. Gauntlet
    n. a long glove with a flaring cuff covering the lower part of the arm
  120. Germane
    adj. closely related; pertinent
  121. Glib
    adj. smooth and slippery-spoken
  122. Gnarled
    adj. full of knots
  123. Gourmand
    n. greedy or ravenous eater; glutton
  124. Gregarious
    adj. fond of the company of others
  125. Grisly
    adj. frightful; horrible
  126. Guise
    n. 1. customary behavior; 2. manner of dress; 3. false appearance
  127. Hapless
    adj. unlucky; unfortuante
  128. Harangue
    v. to speak in an impassioned and forcible manner
  129. Heretic
    n. one who holds opinion contrary to that which is generally accepted
  130. Hoary
    adj. very aged; ancient; gray or white with age
  131. Homily
    n. discourse or sermon read to an audience
  132. Ignominious
    adj. 1. contemptible 2. degrading
  133. Impasse
    n. a situation that has no solution or escape
  134. Impenitent
    adj. without regret, shame, or remorse
  135. Impiety
    n. 1. irreverence toward God 2. lack of respect
  136. Impolitic
    adj. unwise; imprudent
  137. Imprecate
    v. to pray for evil; to invoke a curse
  138. Imputation
    n. attribution
  139. Incommodious
    adj. uncomfortable; troublesome
  140. Incorporeal
    adj. no consisting of matter
  141. Incorrigible
    adj. no capable or correction or improvement
  142. Inculcate
    v. to impress upon the mind by frequent repetition or urging
  143. Indemnify
    v. to protect against or keep free from loss
  144. Indomitable
    adj. no easily discouraged or defeated
  145. Indubitable
    adj. unquestionable; sure
  146. Inimical
    adj. unfriendly; adverse
  147. Iniquitous
    adj. unjust; wicked
  148. Inured
    adj. accustomed
  149. Irascible
    adj. easily provoked or inflamed to anger
  150. Jettison
    n. a throwing overboard of goods to lighten a vehicle in an emergency
  151. Jocund
    adj. merry; gay; cheerful
  152. Lambent
    adj. giving off a soft radiance
  153. Lassitude
    n. a state or feeling of being tired or weak
  154. Liberine
    n. one who indulges his desires without restraint
  155. Licentious
    adj. disregarding accepted rules and standards
  156. Lithe
    adj. easily bent; pliable; marked by effortless grace
  157. Loquacious
    adj. talkative
  158. Lugubrious
    adj. mournful; very sad
  159. Lurid
    adj. ghastly pale; gloomy
  160. Magnate
    n. a very influential person in any field of activity
  161. Malefactor
    n. one who commits a crime
  162. Malign
    v. to defame; speak evil of
  163. Marauder
    n. a rover in search of booty or plunder
  164. Maudlin
    adj. foolishly and tearfully sentimental
  165. Mendacious
    adj. addicted to deception
  166. Mercurial
    adj. quick, volatile, changeable
  167. Meretricious
    adj. alluring by false, showy charms; fleshy
  168. Mettle
    n. high quality of character
  169. Mien
    n. manner; external appearance
  170. Misanthropy
    n. hatred of mankind
  171. Mollify
    v. to soften; to make less intense
  172. Moot
    adj. subject to or open for discussion or debate
  173. Mordant
    adj. biting, cutting or caustic
  174. Mutinous
    adj. inclined to revolt
  175. Nefarious
    adj. very wicked; abominable
  176. Nostrum
    n. a quack medicine
  177. Nugatory
    adj. trifling; futile; insignificant
  178. obeisance
    n. a gesture of respect or reverence
  179. obfuscate
    v. to darken; to confuse
  180. Objurgate
    v. to chide vehemently
  181. Obloquy
    n. verbal abuse of a person or thing
  182. Obtrude
    v. to thrust forward; to eject
  183. Odious
    adj. hateful; disgusting
  184. Oligarchy
    n. govnmnt supreme power in hands of small exclusive group
  185. Opalescent
    adj. iridescent
  186. Opprobrious
    adj. reproachful or contemptuous
  187. Palatial
    adj. Large and ornate, like a palace
  188. Paltry
    adj. worthless; trifling
  189. Parapet
    n. a wall or railing to protect people from falling
  190. Pariah
    n. an outcast; someone despised by others
  191. Parity
    n. state of being=in power, value, or rank
  192. Parry
    v. to ward off; to avoid
  193. Parsimonious
    adj. miserly; stingy
  194. Paucity
    n. scarcity; small number
  195. Peculate
    v. to embezzle
  196. Pecuniary
    adj. relating to money
  197. Pellucid
    adj. transparent
  198. Penury
    n. lack of money or property
  199. Perdition
    n. complete and irreparable loss
  200. Peremptory
    adj. 1. barring future action 2. that cannot be denied, changed, etc.
  201. Perfidious
    adj. violating good faith or vows
  202. Perquisite
    n. a fee, profit, etc., in addition to the stated income of one's employment
  203. Peruse
    v. to read carefully and thoroughly
  204. Pied
    adj. spotted
  205. Pinioned
    adj. 1. having wings; 2. having wings or arms bound or confined
  206. Plenary
    adj. full; entire; complete
  207. Portend
    v. to foreshadow
  208. Prate
    v. to talk much and foolishly
  209. Precept
    n. a rule or direction of moral conduct
  210. Precocious
    adj. developed or matured earlier than usual
  211. Preponderate
    v. to outweigh
  212. Prevaricate
    v. to evade the truth
  213. Prolific
    adj. fruitful
  214. Propagate
    v. to reproduce or multiply
  215. Propitiate
    v. to win the good will of
  216. Proviso
    n. conditional stipulation to an agreement
  217. Puerile
    adj. childish; immature
  218. Purloin
    v. to steal
  219. Purview
    n. the range of control, activity, or understanding
  220. Quaff
    v. to drink or swallow in large quantities
  221. Quagmire
    n. a difficult position, as if on shaky ground
  222. Qualm
    n. sudden feeling of uneasiness or doubt
  223. Quintessence
    n. pure substance/essence
  224. Quixotic
    adj. extravagantly chivalrous
  225. Rancor
    n. a continuing and bitter hate or ill will
  226. Recalcitrant
    adj. refusing to obey authority
  227. Recidivism
    n. habitual or chronic relapse
  228. Recumbent
    adj. leaning or reclining
  229. Recusant
    adj. disobedient or authority
  230. Redolent
    adj. sweet smelling; fragrant
  231. Remonstrate
    v. to exhibit strong reasons against an act
  232. Reprehend
    v. to reprimand
  233. Reprieve
    v. to give temporary relief
  234. Resonant
    adj. re-echoing
  235. Respendent
    adj. spendid
  236. Resurgent
    adj. rising or tending to rise again
  237. Revile
    v. to be abusive in speech
  238. Risible
    adj. able or incliined to laugh
  239. Rote
    n. a fixed, mechanical way of doing something
  240. Ruminate
    v. to muse on
  241. Sapid
    adj. having a pleasant taste
  242. Sardonic
    adj. bitterly ironical
  243. Savant
    n. a learned person
  244. Schism
    n. a division in an organized group
  245. Scourge
    v. to whip severely
  246. Scurrilous
    adj. using low and indecent language
  247. Serendipity
    n. an apparent aptitude for making fortunate discoveries accidentaly
  248. Slovenly
    adv. careless in habits, behavior, etc.
  249. Sordid
    adj. filthy, foul
  250. Specious
    adj. appearing just and fair without really being so
  251. Splenetic
    adj. bad tempered
  252. Staid
    adj. sober
  253. Staunch
    v. to stop or check the flow of blood
  254. Stolid
    adj. unexcitable
  255. Strident
    adj. creaking, harsh, grating
  256. Stymie
    n. to hinder or obstruct
  257. Succor
    n. aid
  258. Sumptuous
    adj. involving great expense
  259. Sundry
    adj. 1. Various, miscellaneous 2. separate; distinct
  260. Supplant
    v. to take the place of
  261. Suppliant
    adj. asking earnestly and submissively
  262. Surfeit
    v. to fee or supply in excess
  263. Tawdry
    adj. Gaudy or cheap
  264. Tenet
    n. any principle, doctrine, etc., which a person, school or institution believes or maintains
  265. Termagant
    n. a boisterous, scolding woman; a shrew
  266. Thrall
    n. a slave
  267. Throe
    n. a violent pang or spasm of pain
  268. Timorous
    adj. fearful
  269. Traduce
    v. to slander
  270. Transmute
    v. to transform
  271. Travail
  272. v. to harass, torment, struggle
  273. Trenchant
    adj. Keen; penetrating/clear cut; distinct
  274. Tribunal
    n. the seat of the judge
  275. Troth
    n. belief, faith, fidelity
  276. Turbid
    adj. thick/confused
  277. Tutelage
    n. the condition of being under a guardian or tutor
  278. Uncouth
    adj. uncultured
  279. unfeigned
    adj. genuine
  280. Untrowable
    adj. incredible
  281. Uxoricide
    n. the murder of a wife by her husband
  282. Vagary
    n. odd action or idea / wandering
  283. Vaunt
    v. to brag
  284. Venal
    adj. that can be readily bribed or corrupted
  285. Verity
    n. truthfulness
  286. Vestige
    n. a trace of something that no longer exists
  287. Vicissitude
    n. changes or variation occurring irregularly in th ecourse of something
  288. Vigilance
    n. watchfulness
  289. Vitriolic
    adj. extremely biting or caustic
  290. Volition
    n. the act of willing
  291. Vouchsafe
    v. to be gracious enough to grant
  292. Wan
    adj. pale
  293. Wily
    adj. Cunning
  294. Wizened
    adj. withered
  295. Wreak
    v. to give vent or free play
  296. Wrest
    v. turn or twist or grab from / usurp / distort or change the true meaning of.