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2011-04-29 00:19:56

Ch. 11: Biological Dispositions in Learning
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  1. activity anorexia
    An abnormally high level of activity and low level of food intake generated by exposure to a restricted schedule of feeding.
  2. adjunctive behavior
    An excessive pattern of behavior that emerges as a by-product of an intermitten schedule of reinforcement for some other behavior.
  3. autoshaping
    A type of sign tracking in which a pigeon comes to automatically peck at a response key because the key light has been associated with the response-independent delivery of food.
  4. behavior systems theory
    A theory proposing that an animal's behavior is organized into various motivational systems; each of these systems encompasses a set of relevant responses, each of which, in turn, can be activated by particular cues.
  5. CS-US relevance
    An innate tendency to easily associate certain types of stimuli with each other.
  6. displacement activity
    An apparently irrelevant activity sometimes displayed by animals when confronted by conflict or thwarted from attaining a goal.
  7. instinctive drift
    An instance of classical conditioning in which a genetically based, fixed action pattern gradually emerges and displaces a behavior that is being operantly conditioned.
  8. preparedness
    An innate tendency for an organism to more easily learn certain types of behaviors or to associate certain types of events with each other.
  9. sign tracking
    A type of elicited behavior in which an organism approaches a stimulus that signals the presentation of an appetitive event.
  10. taste aversion conditioning
    A form of classicial conditioning in which a food item that has been paried with gastrointestinal illness becomes a conditioned aversive stimulus.