Drug Nomenclature 2

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Anonymous
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82717
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Drug Nomenclature 2
Updated:
2011-04-29 21:44:30
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Drug Nomenclature 2
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  1. used to treat HTN, heart failure and kidney disease, vasoconstrictor
    ACE inhibitors
  2. acetylcholinesterase inhibitors
    promote acetylcholine resulting in prolonged cholinergic effects
  3. produce effects similar to nor epi
    andrenergic
  4. blocks stimulation of mineralcorticoid receptors by aldosterone, thus reducing high blood pressure by preventing sodium reabsorption
    aldosterone receptor antagonist
  5. gentamicin, tobramycin and related antibiotic effective against gram negitive microorganisms, noted for potentially dangerous toxicity
    amnioglycosides
  6. narcotic and non narcotic, relieve pain without producing loss of consciousness or reflex activity
    analgesics
  7. produce masculine effects
    androgens
  8. reduces the acidity og GI contents
    antacids
  9. used to prevent or treat attacks of angina pectoris
    anti anginals
  10. to treat infections cause by pathogenic microbes
    antibiotics
  11. block acetylcholine in the parasympathetic nervouse system, cholinergic blocking agents antispasmodics
    anticholinergics
  12. used to reduce carb, fat and protein metabolism
    glucocorticoids
  13. produce sleep
    hypnotics
  14. block monoamine oxidase preventing degradation and prolonging norepi and serotonin
    MAO inhibitors
  15. steroids that cause kidneys to retain sodium
    mineralocorticoids
  16. constriction of the iris
    miotics
  17. reduce thickness and stickiness of pulmonary secretions acting directly on the mucous plugs to dissolve them
    mucolytics
  18. relieve muscle spasms
    muscle relaxant
  19. cause dilation of the iris
    midriatics
  20. skeletal muscle relaxant used to produce relaxation during anesthesia, ease endotracheal intubation, reduce side effects of general anesthesia
    neuromuscular blockers
  21. metabolize nitric oxide, potent vasodilator
    nitrate
  22. analgesic, antipyretic, antiinflammatory
    NSAIDS
  23. what does NSAIDS mean?
    non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs
  24. prevent formation, enlargement and extension of blood clots
    anticoagulant
  25. supress abnormal neurol activity of CNS, preventing seizures
    anticonvulsants
  26. used to treat allergy symtoms, can also treat motion sickness, insomnia
    antihistamine
  27. reduce serum cholesterol and or triglycerides
    anti lipemics
  28. chem agents
    anti neoplastics
  29. prevent platelet clumping, most common ASA and plavix
    anti platelets
  30. supress cough
    anti tussive
  31. stimulate receptors within the tracheobronchial tree to relax and dilate passageways
    bronchodilators
  32. inhibits epi and nor epi, used to treat angine, dysrhythmias, HTN, and gluacoma
    beta blockers
  33. inhibits calcium movement across cell membrane, used for dysrrhythmias, slow rate of contraction of the heart and cause vasodilation
    calcium channel blockers
  34. interfere with the production of aqueous humor, reducing IOP in gluacoma
    carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
  35. parasypathomimetics
    cholinergic
  36. secreted by adrenal cortex of adrenal gland
    corticoid steroids
  37. reduce swelling in nasal passage caused by cold or allergic rhinitis
    decongestant
  38. increase the force of contraction and slow the heart rate, improving cardiac output. ex: digoxin
    digitalis glycosides
  39. increase urine flow
    diuretics
  40. centrally acting analgesic
    opiods
  41. subclass of NSAIDS, analgesics, anti inflammatory and antipyretic
    salicylates
  42. produce relaxation and rest
    sedatives
  43. antidepressant by blocking uptake of serotonin
    SSRI's
  44. prevents emesis during chemo, radiation and surgery
    serotonin antagonist
  45. draw water into stool to soften
    stool softners
  46. mimics epi nor epi and dopamine
    sympathomimetics
  47. dissolve blood clots
    thrombolytics
  48. liquify mucus
    expectorant

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