History Final

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History Final
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  1. Five Star general in the US Army served as a supreme commander of the Allied forces in Europe
    Dwight D. Eisenhower
  2. Responsible for planning and supervising the invasion of France and Germany
    Dwight D. Eisenhower
  3. first supereme commander of the NATO
    Dwight D. Eisenhower
  4. Crusade against "communism Korea and coruption"
    Dwight D. Eisenhower
  5. Ended the New Deal Coalition
    Dwight D. Eisenhower
  6. Began NASA
    Dwight D. Eisenhower
  7. Signed the Federal-Aid highway Act of 1956
    Dwight D. Eisenhower
  8. 22nd Amendment
    Dwight D. Eisenhower
  9. In Western Europe to relieve the pressure of the Soviet Union
    Second Front
  10. Most imporant naval battle of the Pacific Campaign of WWII
    Battle of Midway
  11. The US Navy defeated an imperial Japanese Navy attack inflecting irreparable damage on Japenese fleet
    Batle of Midway
  12. The soviet Union, UK, and US with Stalin, Churchill, Truman
    Potsdam Conference
  13. Goal:
    1. how to adminuster punishment to the defeated Nazi Germany
    2. The establishment of post-war order peace treaties issues and countering the effects of war
    Potsdam Conference
  14. First general secretary of the communist party of the soviet unions central commitee
    Joseph Stalin
  15. Idea: socialism in 1 country became the primary line of the soviet politics
    Joseph Stalin
  16. He replaced the New Eeconomic polical with a highly centralized command economy and 5-yeaer plans launching a period of rapid industralization and economic colletivization in the country side
    Joseph Stalin
  17. The 1st day of the invasion of Normandy
    D-Day
  18. the largest invasion in World History
    D-Day
  19. Capital city of German
    Dresden
  20. Allied bombing campaign in WWII that devasted the city
    Dresden
  21. Bombed by British AF and USAAF
    Dresden
  22. Firestorm destroyed 15 square miles of the city centre
    Dresden
  23. Also call the Crimea Conference and codenamed: The Argonaut Conference
    Yalta Conference
  24. The wartime meeting of the head of the government of the US UK SU
    Yalta Conference
  25. Purpose was to discuss Europes post-war reorganization; discuss the re-establishmentof the nations of war torn Europe
    Yalta Conference
  26. Battle between the empire of japan and US; were the famous "raising the flag" picture took place
    Iwo Jima
  27. American general and field Marshall of the Phillipine Army
    Douglas MacArthur
  28. 1 of 5 men to ever rise the rank of general of the Army in the US Army
    Douglas MacArthur
  29. Became an effective ruler of Japan and oversaw the sweeping economic, polical and social changes
    Douglas MacArthur
  30. Forcible transfer of 75000 American and Filipino prisoners of War; chararterized by a wide-range of physical abuse and murders resulted in very high fatalities inflicted upon prisoners and civilians alike by the armed forces of the Empire of Japan
    Bataan Death March
  31. the genocide of 6 million jews along with races, religions, and etc.
    Holocaust
  32. A programme of systematic state sponsered extermantion by Nazi Germany throughout Nazi occupied territory
    Holocaust
  33. 1st city in history to be destroyed by a nuclear weapon when the US Army AF dropped an atomic bomb towards the End of WWII
    Hiroshima
  34. International organization who stated aims are facitating copperation in international laws and socail progress, international sercuity economic development human rights and acheivekment of World Peace
    The United Nations
  35. replaced the league of nations
    The United Nations
  36. to stop wars between countries and to provide a platform of dialouge
    The United Nations
  37. A US policy using military economic and diplomatic stratergies to staall the spread of communism, enhance America's secuity and influence abroud and prevent a "domino effect"
    Containment
  38. a policy set forth by US President stating that the US would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid to prevent their falling into Soviet Sphere.
    Truman Doctrine
  39. 1st major international crisis of the Cold War
    Berlin Airlift
  40. This policy ended a communist threat and both countries joined NATO
    Truman Doctrine
  41. The basis of the Cold War policy
    Truman Doctrine
  42. The Soviet Union blocked the western allies railawy and road access to the sectors of berlin under allied control trying to take control over the entire city as a response to the ___________ was organized
    Berlin Airlift
  43. This brought more supplies then the railroad and raods and humilated the soviets the blockage was lifted causing two seperated German states
    Berlin Airlift
  44. to symbolize the ideological fighting and physical boundary dividing Europe into 2 seperate areas from the end of WWII and the and of the Cold War
    Iron Curtain
  45. This caused the states developed there own international economy and millitary allaniance
    Iron Curtain
  46. Soviet Union vs European community "Berlin Wall"
    Iron Curtain
  47. Military conflict between S. Korea supported by the UN and N. Korea supported by the people's republic of China (with military aid from SU)
    Korean War
  48. also called European Recovery Plan; large scale economic program of the US for rebuilding and creating a stronger economic foundation for the countries of Europe
    Marshall Plan
  49. This plan was for post recovery:
    it looked to the future; did not focus on the destruction caused by the wars and effeortes where to modernize European intdustrail business and practices using high effeciency American models reduce artifical trade barriers and instill of sense of hope and self-relience
    Marshall Plan
  50. Accused of being a Soviet spy and convicted of prejury connction with the Charge
    Alger Hiss
  51. Practice of making accusations of disloyalty subversion or treason w/o proper required for evidence
    McCarthyism
  52. charatized by heighten fear communist influency
    McCarthyism
  53. Name of a group of robotic spacecraft missions launched by the Soviet Union
    Sputnik
  54. 1st man-made oject to orbit the eath
    Sputnik
  55. also known as serviceman's readajustment act
    GI Bill
  56. A omnibus bill that provide college or vocational education for returning WWII Veterns
    GI Bills
  57. one year of unemployment compensation
    GI Bill
  58. Provided many types of loans for returing veterns to buy homes and start business
    GI Bills
  59. Act of matcing attitudes, beliefs and behaviors to what individuals percieve is normal of their society or social group
    Conforming
  60. offical motto of the US dirived from the Bible from Psalms
    "in God we trust"
  61. wrote "The Power of Positive Thinking"
    Norman Vincent Peale
  62. He is a progentior of the theory of "positive thinking"
    Norman V. Peale
  63. The silent generation as the people born from
    1925-1945 ; during the Great Depression and WWII
  64. Explained how the sin of pride created evil in the world
    Neo-orthodox
  65. This man studying Neo-orthodox theology
    Reinhold Niebuhr
  66. This man attacked utopianism as useless dealing with reality
    Reinhold Niebuhr
  67. Wrote "The Children Light and the Children of Darkness"
    Reinhold Niebuhr
  68. Most influencal leader of the 1940-50's in American public affairs
    Reinhold Neibuhr
  69. a literarry iconoclast, poiiner of the Beat Generation, he had a spontanous method of the writing covering topics
    Jack Kerouac
  70. This man was a progeniater of the hippie movement
    Jack Kerouac
  71. wrote the "The Lonely Crowd"
    David Reisman
  72. This is also known as the Cult of True Womanhood
    Cult of domesticity
  73. a prevailing view upper and middle class women during the 19th century in Great Britian and US
    Cult of Domesticity
  74. emoby perfect vitue in all senses
    Cult of Domesticity
  75. the women who adiad by and promoted these standards were generally literate and lived in the Northeast
    Cult of Domesticity
  76. What are the 4 cardinal virtue of the Cult of Domesticity
    Peity, purity, submission, domesticity
  77. The head mistress of the Cult of Domesticity
    Catharine Beecher
  78. Book by the Cult of Domesticity
    "Godey's Lads Book"
  79. evangelial christain evangelist
    Rev. Billy Graham
  80. theology crisis and dialectial theology
    Neo-Orthodoxy
  81. an approach to theology in Protestantism that was developed in the aftermath of the 1st WW
    Neo-Orthodoxy
  82. This is charaterized as a reaction against doctrines of 19th century liberal theology and reevaluation of the teaching of the Reformation
    Neo-Orthodoxy
  83. A group of American Post WWII
    The Beats
  84. expirements with drugs and alternative froms of sexuality an interest in Eastern religion a rejection to materialism and the idealizing of exuberant,means of expression and being
    The Beats
  85. Books from the Beats
    "Howl" "Naked Lunch" "On the Road"
  86. They call him "moondog"
    Alan Freed
  87. An Amerian disc-jockey
    Alan Freed
  88. promoting African American rhythm and blues music on the US and Europe under the home of "rock-n-roll"
    Alan Freed
  89. This man was destroyed by the Payola scandal
    Alan Freed
  90. poet opposed militarism, materirism and sexual repression
    Allen Ginsberg
  91. Leading figure of the beat generation
    Allen Ginberg
  92. "Howl"
    Allen Ginberg
  93. practiced Buddism
    Allen Ginsberg
  94. this case proved lack of equality, in favor of black applicant, the "seperate but equal" doctine of racial segregation
    Sweatt v. Painter
  95. involved a black man who refused admission to the school of Law of UT the president prohibited integrated education
    Sweatt v. Painter
  96. Instead of granting the plaintiff a write of mandamus the case continued the case for 6 months which allowed state time to create a law school only for blacks which it established HOuston Texas rather than in Austin
    Sweat v Painter
  97. Mr. Conservative
    Barry Goldwater
  98. This man had an impact on the libertarian movement
    Barry Goldwater
  99. rejected the legacy of the New Deal and fought through the conservative coalition to defeat the New Deal Coalilation
    Barry Goldwater
  100. mobilized a large conservative constituency to win the GOP primiaries
    Barry Goldwater
  101. Barry Goldwater greatest accomplishment
    Goldwater - Nicholas Act
  102. Warren Court was led by
    Earl Warren
  103. This Court was led a liberal majority that used judicial poer in dramatic fashion, to the consternation of conservative oppenents.
    Warren Court
  104. This Court expanded civil rights, civil liberties, judicial power, and thhe federal power in dramatic ways
    Warrren Court
  105. This brought an end to racial segregation in the US, incoropating the Bill of Rights and ending officially-sanctioned voluntary prayer in public schools.
    Warren Court
  106. This as recognized as a high point in judicial power that has receded ever since but with a substantial continuing impac
    Warren Court
  107. Best known for being an iconic figure in the advancement of the civil rights in the US and around the world
    Martin Luther King, Jr.
  108. Used nonviolent methods following the teachings of Mahatma Ganhi
    Martin Luther King, Jr.
  109. Presented as a heroic leader in the history of modern american liberalism
    Martin Luther King, Jr.
  110. Led the Montgomery Bus Boycott and helped found the S. Christian Leadership Conference in 1957 (1st president)
    Martin Luther King, Jr.
  111. An american civil rights organization that had a large role in the American Civil Rights Movement
    Southern Christian Leadership Conference ( SCLC)
  112. a set of domestic programs proposed or enacted in the US on the initiavtive President.
    Great Society
  113. Social Reforms were the elimination of poverty and
    racial injustice
    Great Society
  114. New major spending programs that addressed education, medical care, urban problems, and transportation were launched during this period
    Great Society
  115. This resembled the New Deal
    Great Society
  116. The Negro is your Brother
    Letter from Birmingham Jail
  117. Written by MLK Jr. from the city jail in Birmingham, Alabama.
    Letter from Birmingham Jail
  118. Response to a statement made by 8 white Alabama clergy man "A Call For Unity"
    Letter from Birmingham Jail
  119. "Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere"
    Letter from Birmingham Jail
  120. a landmark decision of the US Supreme Court that declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students
    Brown vs. the Board of Education
  121. regard to voting rights and by extension racial desegregation.
    Smith vs. Allwright
  122. This overturnied the Democratic Party's use of all-white primaries in Tx and other stated here the party used the rule
    Smith vs. Allwright
  123. segreated and sent its black children to separate, run down facilities
    Mansfield Incident
  124. The school district was forced to desegregate but the mayor and polic chief of the city did not approve of this measure, when school started they joined over 300 whites in front of the school.
    Mansfield Incident
  125. There goal was to prevent the enrollment of three black students, as result the town turned turmoil as 3 balcks were hanged in effigy as part of demonstration
    Mansfield Incident
  126. Texas governer supported the protests and even dispatched texas ragners to prevent integration
    Mansfield Incident
  127. Murdered in Mississipi at aged 14 after flirting with a white women
    Emmit Till
  128. Noted as one of the leading events that motivated in the African- American Civil Rights Movements
    Emmit Till
  129. one of the principal organization of the American Civil Rights Movement, it emered from a series of student meetings at Shaw University.
    Student Nonviolent Coordinating Commitee
  130. This group focused on "black power" and protesting against the Vietnam War
    Student Nonviolent Coordinating Commitee
  131. A group of Black students wo enrolled in Little Rock Central High School
    Little Rock Incident
  132. the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school and then they attended the intervention of the president, this is considered to be one of the most important evens in the AA Civil Rights Movement.
    Little Rock Incident
  133. On the first day of school troops from the National Guard would not let them enter the school and they were followed by mobs making threats to lynch
    Little Rock Nine
  134. "the first lady of civil rights"
    Rosa Parks
  135. "the mother of the freedom movement"
    Rosa Parks
  136. An international icon of resistance to racial segregation , she organzited and collaborated with the civil rights leaders
    Rosa Parks
  137. Secretary of NAACP
    Rosa Parks
  138. as styled in a sound recording released after the
    event)[1][2]
    was a large political rally in support of civil
    and economic rights forAfrican Americans
    that took place inWashington, D.C. on Wednesday
    • March on Washington
  139. Martin Luther
    King, Jr.
    delivered his
    historic "I Have a
    Dream
    " speech advocating racial harmony at the
    Lincoln Memorialduring the
    march
    March on Washington
  140. was organized by a group of civil rights, labor, and
    religious organizations,[4]
    under the theme
    "jobs, and freedom
    March on Washington
  141. is widely credited with helping to pass the Civil Rights Act (1964) and the Voting Rights
    Act

    March on Washington
  142. - a political and
    social
    protest campaign that started in 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama,
    USA, intended to oppose the city's policy of
    racial segregation on its public transit system

    • Montgomery
    • Bus Boycott
  143. resulted in a crippling financial deficit for the
    Montgomery public transit system, because the city's black population who were
    the drivers of the boycott were also the bulk of the system's paying customers
    • Montgomery
    • Bus Boycott
  144. He is one of four people who served in all four elected federal offices
    of the United States: Representative, Senator, Vice President and President

    • Lyndon
    • B. Johnson
  145. succeeded to the presidency
    following theassassination of John F. Kennedy,
    completed Kennedy's term and was elected President in his own right, winning by
    a large margin in the
    1964 Presidential election.
    • Lyndon
    • B. Johnson
  146. - was greatly supported by the Democratic Party and, as President, was responsible for
    designing the "Great Society"
    legislation that included laws that upheld
    civil rights, Public
    Broadcasting,
    Medicare, Medicaid, environmental
    protection, aid to education, and his "War on Poverty."

    • Lyndon
    • B. Johnson
  147. He was renowned for his domineering personality and the "Johnson
    treatment," his coercion of powerful politicians in order to advance
    legislation.

    • Lyndon
    • B. Johnson
  148. Simultaneously, he greatly escalated direct American involvement in the Vietnam War

    • Lyndon
    • B. Johnson
  149. is a U.S. civil rights organization that originally played a
    pivotal role forAfrican-Americans
    in the Civil Rights
    Movement
    .

    CORE
  150. Membership is still stated to be
    open to "anyone who believes that 'all people are created equal' and is
    willing to work towards the ultimate goal of true equality throughout the
    world."

    CORE
  151. He was the initiator and organizer of the 1961 Freedom Ride,
    which eventually led to the desegregation of inter-state transportation in the
    United States.

    • James
    • Farmer
  152. co-founded the Committee of Racial Equality, which
    later became the
    Congress of
    Racial Equality
    (CORE)
    • James
    • Farmer
  153. he unofficial name for legislation first introduced byUnited States President Lyndon B. Johnson

    • War
    • on Poverty
  154. This legislation was proposed by Johnson in response
    to a national
    poverty rate of around
    nineteen percent
    • War
    • on Poverty
  155. speech led the United States
    Congress
    to pass the Economic Opportunity Act, which
    established the
    Office of
    Economic Opportunity
    (OEO) to administer the local application of federal funds targeted
    against poverty.

    • War
    • on Poverty
  156. As a part of the Great Society, Johnson's
    belief in expanding the government's role in social welfare programs from
    education to health care was a continuation of
    Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal
    • War
    • on Poverty
  157. Democrat Commissioner of Public Safety for the city ofBirmingham, Alabama, during theAmerican
    Civil Rights Movement
    .
    • Bull
    • Conner
  158. His office gave him responsibility for administrative oversight of the
    Birmingham Fire Department and the
    Birmingham Police Department,
    which had their own chiefs.

    • Bull
    • Conner
  159. became an international symbol of bigotry.

    • Bull
    • Conner
  160. infamously directed the use of fire hoses,
    and police
    attack dogs against peaceful
    demonstrators, including children
    • Bull
    • Conner
  161. His aggressive tactics backfired when the spectacle of
    the brutality being broadcast on nationaltelevision
    served as one of the
    catalysts for major social and legal change in thesouthern
    United States
    and helped in large
    measure to assure the passage by the
    United States
    Congress
    of the Civil Rights
    Act of 1964
    .
    • Bull
    • Conner
  162. Events during his presidency included the Bay of Pigs
    Invasion
    , the
    Cuban Missile
    Crisis
    , the building of the
    Berlin Wall, the Space Race, the African
    American Civil Rights Movement
    and early stages of the
    Vietnam War.
    • John
    • F. Kennedy
  163. was assassinated on November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas. Lee Harvey Oswald was charged with the crime but was shot
    and killed two days later byJack Ruby
    before any trial

    • John
    • F. Kennedy
  164. he spoke of the need for all Americans to be active
    citizens, famously saying, "Ask not what your country can do for you; ask
    what you can do for your country."
    • John
    • F. Kennedy
  165. - An icon of modern American liberalism

    • Robert
    • F. Kennedy:
  166. It would stand as the most severe riot in Los
    Angeles history
    • Watts
    • Riot
  167. 34 people had been killed, 1,032 injured, and 3,438 arrested

    Watts Riot
  168. political sloganespoused by black racialists and a name for various associated
    ideologies

    -

    • Black
    • Power
  169. It is used in the
    movement among people of Black African descent throughout the world, though
    primarily by
    African Americans in the United States

    Black Power
  170. The movement was prominent in the late 1960s and early 1970s,
    emphasizing racial pride and the creation of black political and cultural
    institutions to nurture and promote black collective interests[3]
    and advance black values[4],
    as opposed to
    multiculturalism

    • Black
    • Power
  171. expresses a range of political goals, from defense against racial
    oppression, to the establishment of separate social institutions and a
    self-sufficient economy (separatism)

    • Black
    • Power
  172. but it helped usher in black radical thoughts, and
    action against what was considered to be an elusive, yet visible higher power
    • Black
    • Power
  173. Kwame Ture
    • Stokely
    • Carmichael
  174. He rose to prominence first as a leader of theStudent
    Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
    (SNCC, pronounced "snick")
    and later as the "HonoraryPrime
    Minister
    " of the
    Black Panther Party

    • Stokely
    • Carmichael
  175. Initially anintegrationist, Carmichael later became
    affiliated with
    black
    nationalist
    and Pan-Africanistmovements
    • Stokely
    • Carmichael
  176. He popularized the term "Black Power"
    • Stokely
    • Carmichael
  177. - was anAfrican-American Muslim minister,public
    speaker
    , and
    human rightsactivist
    Malcom X:
  178. To his admirers, he was a courageous advocate for the rights of African
    Americans, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its
    crimes against black Americans

    Malcom X:
  179. His detractors accused him of preaching racism,black supremacy, antisemitism, and
    violence.

    -

    Malcom X:
  180. While in prison became a member of the Nation of Islam, and after his parole
    in 1952 he became one of the Nation's leaders and chief spokesmen
    Malcom X:
  181. Less than a year after he left the Nation of Islam, he was assassinated
    by three members of the group while giving a speech in New York.

    Malcom X:
  182. As a spokesman for the Nation of Islam he taught black supremacy and deified the leaders of the
    organization. He also advocated the
    separation of
    black and white Americans
    , which put him at odds with the
    civil rights
    movement
    , which was working towards
    integration

    Malcom X:
  183. was an African-Americanrevolutionary
    leftist
    organization.

    Black Panthers
  184. achieved national and international notoriety through its involvement in
    the
    Black Powermovement
    and in
    U.S. politics of the 1960s and 70

    Black Panthers
  185. The anti-racism of that time is today considered one of
    the most significant social, political and cultural currents in
    U.S. history. The group's
    "provocative
    rhetoric,militant posture, and cultural and political
    flourishes permanently altered the contours of American Identity”

    Black Panthers
  186. Founded in Oakland, California,
    byBobby Seale
    and Huey P. Newton

    Black Panthers
  187. the organization
    initially set forth a doctrine calling primarily for the protection of
    African American neighborhoods from police brutality

    Black Panthers
  188. he organization's leaders espousedsocialist and communist (largely Maoist)
    doctrines, however the Party's earlyblack
    nationalist
    reputation attracted a racially diverse membership

    Black Panthers
  189. “What We Want, What We Believe”

    Black Panthers
  190. reference toactivists, educators, agitatorsand others in the 1960s and 1970s who sought to
    implement a broad range of reforms, in contrast to earlier leftist or Marxist
    movements that had taken a more
    vanguardistapproach to social justice and focused mostly on labor unionization and questions ofsocial class

    New Left
  191. was associated with the Hippie movement and college campus protest movements

    New Left
  192. known for his involvement in the animal rights,
    and the
    anti-war and civil rightsmovements of the 1960s
    Tom Hayden
  193. was a student
    protest
    which took place
    during the 1964–1965 academic year on the campus of the
    University of California, Berkeley
    Free Speech Movement
  194. protests unprecedented at the time, students insisted that the
    university administration lift the ban of on-campus political activities and
    acknowledge the students' right to
    free speech andacademic freedom

    Free Speech Movement
  195. is a sociological term used to describe the values and norms of behavior of a cultural
    group
    , or
    subculture,
    that run counter to those of the social mainstream of the day,[1]
    the cultural equivalent of political opposition

    counterculture
  196. can also be described as deviating away from the norm
    of society, or what is perceived to be normal
    counterculture
  197. This deviation takes a group or behavior to be segregated from the norms.

    counterculture

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