MicroFinal

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82740
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MicroFinal
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2011-05-01 12:52:59
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Microfinal
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Microfinal
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  1. Many skin mycoses are treated with
    topical agents
  2. BLANK are part of the normal microbiota of the skin
    while BLANK are not
    • Staphylococci
    • Streptococcus ARE NOT
  3. Many diseases of the skin, such as chicken pox,
    measles and smallpox are transmitted via the
    respiratory route
  4. BLANK can cause
    infections in humans, such as vaginitis and thrush,

    These infections can be BLANK
    • Candida albicans
    • opportunistic
  5. BLANK is the greatest single cause of blindness in the world
    Trachoma
  6. The causative agent for chicken pox is
    Herpes zoster
  7. BLANK has been shown to be the etiologic agent of fifth disease
    Parvovirus
  8. BLANK has been shown to be the etiologic agent of roseola
    HHV-6
  9. BLANK are grampositive round bacteria that are in clusters
    Staphylococci
  10. BLANK is coagulase positive, can cause diseases such as
    S. aureus

    • TSST-1
    • Scaldedskin syndrome
    • Drop in blood pressure
    • Toximea
  11. BLANK are gram positive round bacteria that are in chains
    Streptococci
  12. BLANK is coagulase negative,
    S. pyogenes
  13. BLANK is caused by mites.
    Scabies
  14. Different species of bacteria, such as:
    1
    2
    3
    4
    Can be transmitted via the respiratory route
    • C. neoformans
    • L. monocytogenes
    • N. meningitides
    • H. influenza
  15. Tetanus symptoms are due to a BLANK
    Treatments for tetanus are usually BLANK
    • toxin
    • antibodies
  16. Many diseases are transmitted via " " and the best way to control such " " borne disease is to eliminate the " "
    “vectors”
  17. MENINGITIS: Prodromal symptoms are like a BLANK Common cause in children is BLANK
    • mild cold
    • H. influenza
  18. BLANK can initially infect the lungs ultimately leading to menigitis
    Cryptococcus neoformans
  19. The BLANK DOES NOT have any normal microbiota
    nervous system
  20. LEPROSY is called BLANK
    The cause of death for leprosy in individuals is often BLANK
    MYCOBACTERIUM leprae is one of theonly known organisms that grows in the peripheral nervous system

    TB
  21. Sometimes purplish spots are detected Leprosy lesions: 2forms:
    • 1) tuberculoid-depigmented skin surrounded by nodules
    • 2)Lepromatous- a failure of the immune systemYou need to be in direct contactwith an individual who has leprosy in order to catch the disease.
  22. In general BLANK do not cross the blood brain barrier
    antibiotics
  23. BLANK can cause:
    Sheep scrapie
    Mink encephalopathy Kuru
    MadCow disease
    Creutzfeldt-Jakobdisease
    rPrion
  24. Chapter 23:
    Undulate fever is a symptom of
    brucellosis
  25. Most cases of septicemia are caused by organisms Transmission from human to human is via the
    • GRAMNEGATIVE
    • respiratory route
  26. The ____ has symptoms that include recurrent fever
    “plague”
  27. Burkitts lymphoma, infectious mononucleosis, and nasopharmgeal carcinoma are caused by the
    Epstein Barr virus
  28. is a protozoan disease of thecardiovascular system
    Chaga’s disease
  29. is a disease of the blood and lymphatic vessels, pregnant women should not clean litter boxes due to the possible risk of
    • Toxoplasmosis
    • toxoplasmosis
  30. Rocky mountain spotted fever is NOT a result of
    unsanitary or crowded conditions
  31. Malaria is caused by __________ , a protozoa
    Plasmodium vivax
  32. is considered an autoimmune disease that may be brought on by a Streptococcus pyogenes infection. The disease itself is not treated with antibiotics
    Rheumatic fever
  33. can cross the placenta and infect a fetus
    Cytomegalovirus
  34. If a patient has gangrene,care should be given so that the patient does not get a
    Clostridium perfringes infection
  35. B. anthracis:
    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    • Found in soil
    • Aerobic
    • Gram +
    • Endospore forming
    • Considered a potential bio-terrorism agent
  36. Chapter 24
    Pneumonia can becaused by many different
    microorganisms and viruses
  37. Pneumococcal pneumonia: caused by
    Streptococcus pneumoniae
  38. ______: sometimes complication of chicken pox, caused by a virus
    Viral pneumonia
  39. _____ caused by mycoplasma (not treatable with penicillin)
    Mycoplasma lpneumonia
  40. __________(can cause thick-walled cysts) is an opportunistic infection.
    Pneumocystis
  41. One of the hallmarks of_______ is a red rash
    Streptocococcus infections
  42. __________ cancause the formation of Ghon complexes and also produces a VERY POTENT ___
    • Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    • TOXIN
  43. Influenza epidemics often recur due to ________
    “ANTIGENIC SHIFT”
  44. Streptococcus pyogenes, Coryne bacterium, and Bordetella pertussis all produce ____ ; of these the_______ is the most potent.
    • exotoxins
    • Coryne bacterium
  45. ________cause symptoms very similar to tuberculosis
    Histoplasma
  46. ____can cause inflamed epiglottis
    Haemophilus
  47. ______ can be caused byStreptococcus and Staphyllococcus, It is also transmitted by_________ water. Often times it is a complication of ____
    • Otitis media
    • swimming pool
    • tonsillitis
  48. Chapter 25:
    The normal microbiota in your mouth grow well when ___ is present
    sugar
  49. _____ will convert sucrose to _____ In the presence of ______, these cocci will remain in their “normal” arrangement, and therefore not promote tooth decay.o In the presence of______ , dextran gets produced and thus these cocci will______ and start the beginnings of tooth decay
    • S. mutans
    • dextrano
    • glucose
    • sucrose
    • adhere
  50. _________are a major cause of periodontal gum disease, of these most are _________
    • Gram-positive rods
    • ANAEROBIC
  51. Hepatitis is
    INFLAMMATIONof the liver.
  52. Most cases of post transfusion hepatisis are caused by_____ .
    Hepatisis C
  53. ________ cause ulcers. It can live in the stomach because it produces _____
    • H. pylorican
    • NH3
  54. Many cases of post-transfusion hepatitis are caused by _____
    HBV
  55. _______ can bediagnosed by the presence of flagellates in feces
    Giardiasis
  56. If a staphylococcus produces an________,it is possible that you can still be sick even if you cook your food
    ENTEROTOXIN
  57. ____ is actually a gastrointestinal disease that is transmitted via the_______
    • Mumps
    • respiratory route.
  58. ______symptoms are due to: encystment of______ larval in ______ , pork products may contain this worm
    • Trichinosis
    • Trichinella
    • muscles
  59. _____readily infects poultry
    Salmonella
  60. can cause tissue damage and feed on RBCs le
    Entamoeba
  61. The _____ is the home of most normal biota in the digestive tract
    Large intestine
  62. ____causes the vast majority of travelers diarrhea
    E. coli
  63. Chapter 26:
    _______ (of urinary bladder of females) is most often caused by Gram neg rods
    Cystitis
  64. _____and_____ are normal microbiota of the vagina
    Lactobacillus and C. albicans
  65. If a patient gets an infection from C. albicans it is considered _______
    opportunistic
  66. __________ (inflammationof the kidneys) is usually caused by ______
    • Pyelonephritis
    • E. coli
  67. E.coli causes most ____________
    nosocomial urinary tract infections
  68. In_____ infections,there are often many leukocytes at the infected site
    Gardnerella
  69. Neisseria causes
    gonococcalurethritis
  70. Candidiasis is a
    yeast infection
  71. Maternal ______ often offer protection to the fetus from various diseases
    antibodies
  72. Syphilis is normally treated with _____
    Syphilis can be diagnosed by ________
    • penicillin
    • indirect methods
  73. Genital herpes can recur at the site of infection in structures known as_______.
    vesicles
  74. ______ is the most common reportabe disease in the US
    Gonorrhea

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