Phych 4

Card Set Information

Author:
ncvc14
ID:
82741
Filename:
Phych 4
Updated:
2011-04-30 14:13:19
Tags:
Psych
Folders:

Description:
psych 4
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user ncvc14 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Concepts
    mental grouping of similar things
  2. Prototype
    "typical" example of a category
  3. Visual Rehearsal Leads To
    Improved skill
  4. Algorithms
    step-by-step procedures that guarantee problem solving
  5. Heuristics
    use judgement, trial and erroe, and previous experience
  6. Confirmation Bias
    looking for evidence that confirms our existing beliers
  7. Fixation
    inability to see problem from fresh perspective
  8. Functional Fixedness
    Get stuck thinking only of the thing's typical use
  9. Overconfidence
    Tend to be more confident than correct
  10. Framing
    The way an issue is posed
  11. Belief Perseverance
    cling to old beliefs even when discorrected
  12. Language
    Words used to communicate meaning
  13. Language Developement
    • 4 mo: Babbles speech sounds
    • 10 mo: Babbling resembling household language
    • 1 yr: One Word Stage
    • 2 yrs: Two-Word, telegraphic speech
    • 2+: Language Develops into sentences
  14. Skinner-
    Operant Conditioning
  15. Operant conditioning
    • - Association
    • - Imitation
    • - Reinforcement
  16. Chomsky
    • - Language Aquisition Device
    • - Universal Grammar
    • - Critical Period
  17. Language And Thought
    • - Language and Culture
    • - using male words vs. gender neutral words
    • - more words --> more ideas
  18. Representitiveness Hueristic
    judging based on how well something matches prototypes
  19. Availability Heuristic
    estimating likelihood of events based on similar memories
  20. Intelligence
    ability to learn from experience, solve probles and use knowledge to adapt to new situations
  21. Spearman's general intelligence (g)
    one intelligence across multiple spectums
  22. Gardner's multiple intelligences
    independent intelligence in one or more areas
  23. Garners 8 Intelligences
    • - Linguistic
    • - Logical-mathmatical
    • - Musical
    • - Spatial
    • - Body-Kinesthetic
    • - Intrapersonal (self)
    • - Interpersonal (other people)
    • - Naturalist
  24. Syernberg's Triarchic Theory
    • 3 Intelligences:
    • - Analytical (academic)
    • - Creative
    • - Practical
  25. Savant Syndrome
    "island of brilliance" w/ lower skill in most areas
  26. Intelligencs Doesn't =
    Creativity
  27. Creativity requires:
    • - Expertise
    • - Imaginative Thinking Skills
    • - Venturesome Personality
    • - Intrinsic Motivation
    • - Creative Enviroment
  28. Emotional Intelligence
    Ability to percieve, understand, manage and use emotion
  29. IQ Ditribution
    • < 55: .1%
    • 55-70: 2%
    • 70-85: 14%
    • 85-100: 34%
    • 100-115: 34%
    • 115-130: 14%
    • 130-145: 2%
    • > 145: .1%
  30. Origins of Intelligence
    • - 50-75% genetic
    • - "good enough" early enviroment
    • - good schooling in childhood
  31. Motivation
    Need or desire that drives behavior
  32. 4 F's in Motivation
    • - Feeding
    • - Fighting
    • - Fleeing
    • - Falling in Love
  33. Evolutional Motivation
    product of natural selection
  34. Drive Reduction Motivation
    effort to maintain homestasis
  35. Incentive Motivation
    pulled by external goal/rewards
  36. Optimum Arousal Motivation
    driven by desire for stimulation
  37. Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
    • 1. Physiological Needs
    • 2. Safety Needs
    • 3. Belonging and Love Needs
    • 4. Esteem Needs
    • 5. Self Actualization Needs (fullest potential)
  38. Anorexia
    deliberate weight below 85% or norm
  39. Bulimia Nervosa
    recurrent binge w/ weight compensation
  40. Binge Eating Disorder
    bingeing w/o compenstaion
  41. Set Point
    Body predisposed for particular weight
  42. Settling Point
    Regular exercise and healthy nutrition can reset "weight thermostat"
  43. Body mass Index for obesity
    >/=30
  44. Obese People have ________ fat cells then normal
    more, can never decrese but can become smaller
  45. What causes Hunger
    • - Stomach Contractions
    • - Drop in Blood Sugar
    • - Hypothalamus "hunger controls"
  46. Masters and Johnson Sexual Response Cycle
    • 1. Excitement
    • 2. Plateau
    • 3. Orgasm
    • 4. Resolution
  47. J&M's Excitement
    • - genitals swell
    • - vagina expands and lubricates
    • - breasts and nipples may inlarge
  48. J&M's Plateau
    • - Breathing, Pulse, and Blood Pressure increase
    • - Penis fully erect, pre-ejactulation may be present
    • - Vaginal Secretion continues, clitoris retracts
    • - Orgasm may feel imminent
  49. J&M's Orgasm
    • - Male Ejactulation
    • - Muscle Contracts (helps sperm reach uterus)
    • - More increase in breathing, pulse and blood pressure
  50. J&M's Resolution
    • - Engorged genital blood vessels relax
    • - Refractory Period
  51. Sexual Disorders
    • - Lack of arousal
    • - Men
    • - Premature Ejaculation
    • - ED
    • - Women
    • - Vaginismus
    • - Emotional Issues
  52. Treatment For Sexual Disorders
    • Psychotherapy
    • Drugs (Viagra)
  53. Sexually Transmitted Infections
    • - 2/3 occur in people under 25
    • - Most are visibly undetected
    • - Teen girls are most vulnerable
  54. Condoms Protect against
    HIV but not skin to skin infections that are not covered
  55. Estrogen
    Greater in Females
  56. Testosterone
    Greater in Males
  57. Important to arousal:
    psychology and biology
  58. Sexual orientation
    enduring sexual attraction toward same and or different gender
  59. Attitude about gay rights
    • 53% in 1987
    • 27% in 2005
  60. Importance of belonging
    • - promotes heathy attachment through life cycle
    • - positively correlates with happiness and self esteem
    • - negetively correlates w/ depression and loneliness
  61. Job vs. Career
    • Job: something you do just for money
    • Career: Something you love to do as well
  62. Industrial- organization psychology
    studies in behavior in a workplace
  63. Tests to try and help you pick a career
    MBTI, SII, and others
  64. Myers Briggs
    Indicator of who you are and how you think
  65. Achievement Motivation
    Desire for significant accomplishment
  66. Reinforce Achievement Motivation By:
    • - Early encouragement
    • - Good Work is Praised
    • - Intrinsically Rewarded

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview