PSYC 500 Final, Part 1

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PSYC 500 Final, Part 1
2011-04-30 02:06:06
developmental psychopathology

final exam
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  1. development of short-term emotional or behavioral problems (sadness, tearfulness, hopelessness) in reaction to a recent identified stressor
    adjustment disorder with depressed mood
  2. presence of depressed mood that has persisted for at least 1 year in children; negative mood make take form of irritability rather than depression; earlier onset than other forms of depression and more protracted course
    dysthymic disorder
  3. at least 2 of these symptoms must accompany the periods of depression in dysthymic d/o
    loss of pleasure in activities, feelings of worthlessness, fatigue, poor appetite or overeating, insomnia, poor concentration
  4. presence of 5 or move symptoms during 2-wk period, 1 of which must be depressed mood or irritability in children; onset relatively sudden
    major depression
  5. ____ or ____ major depression is diagnosed when an ind suffers from multiple repeating episodes
    recurrent or chronic
  6. these episodes may be accompanied by psychotic symptoms, such as auditory hallucinations, which are seen in 1/3 to 1/2 of preadolescents diagnosed w/ major depression
    severe depressive episodes
  7. term used for ind who experience chronic dysthymia punctuated by periods of major depression
    double depression
  8. constellation of symptoms that co-occur, including feelings of sadness & loneliness, worry, & nervousness
    depressive syndrome
  9. rates of depression are highest in kids who come from _____ homes
    low-income, underprivileged homes
  10. signs of depression in infancy & toddlerhood
    delays or loss of developmental accomplishments, sad face or gaze aversion, self-harming behavior (ex: head banging, self-biting), self-soothing behavior (ex: rocking), clinging & demanding behav alternate w/ apathy & listlessness
  11. signs of depression in preschool
    unlikely to verbalize feelings, sad appearance, loss of interest in pleasurable activities, loss of cog & lang skills, social withdrawal, excessive separation anxiety, vague somatic complaints, irritability, sleep problms & nightmares
  12. signs of depression in school age
    more similar to adults, depressed mood, low self-esteem, self-criticism, guilt, loss of motivation, disruptive & aggressive behavior, eating & sleeping disturbance, anhedonia, suicide
  13. signs of depression in adolescence
    most likely to verbalize feelings, sharp mood swings & negativity, misbehavior, dropoff in academic achievement, hyersomnia, change in eating
  14. Most typically, the onset for major depression is in ______
    mid- to late adolescence
  15. Mean age of onset for first major depressive episode is ___
    15 years
  16. Mean age of onset for dysthymic d/o
    11 years
  17. by the time they reach age 16, girls are ___ as likely as boys to be diagnosed with depression
  18. ___ to ___ % of depressed kids & adolescents have at least one other d/o
  19. 14-36% of depressed boys also have
    conduct disorder
  20. With girls' depression is more likely to be accompanied by
  21. Kids, adol, & adults w/ depression are at higher risk for developing depression, w/ a genetic component estimated at about ___ to ___ %
  22. characterized by feelings of loneliness & helplessness as well as fear of abandonment, cling to relationships w/ others, unmet longs to be cared for & nurtured
    dependent or anaclitic depression
  23. seen in infants who lose their (good) mothers w/ first 3 months; doesnt happen very often
    anaclitic depression
  24. characterized by feelings of unworthiness, inferiority, failure, and guilt; extremely high internal standards; chronic fear of disapproval & criticism
    self-critical or introjective depression
  25. Beck's cognitive triad
    attributions of worthlessness, helplessness, and hopelessness
  26. those prone to _____ are more vulnerable to depression
    rumination (go over & over negative events)
  27. An ____ family environment predicts the development of depression in children & adolescents
    emotionally aversive
  28. ____ more than doubles the risk of a child's developing depression across the life course
    maternal depression
  29. two dimensions of depressed parenting:
    withdrawal and intrusiveness
  30. guilt, worthlessness, apprehension, and fear (mixed anxiety & depression)
    agitation related depression
  31. _____ is a negative prognostic sign for depression
    early age of onset
  32. children who appear to be very driven, wound-up, & consumed w/ the idea that no one likes them; create situations to exp rejection; self-punitive; sleeping & eating disorders
    mask depression
  33. a repetitive & persistant pattern of behavior in which either the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated
    conduct disorder
  34. Conduct d/o may occur in these 4 categories:
    aggression to ppl & animals, destruction of property, deceitfulness or theft, serious violation of rules
  35. childhood onset of conduct disorder occurs...
    prior to age 10
  36. adolescent onset of conduct disorder has...
    absence of characteristics prior to age 10
  37. Prevalance of CD
  38. The diagnosis of CD is about ___ times for common in boys than in girls, although gap may narrow in adolesence
  39. Overt aggression, phy violence, accompanied by multiple problms (neuropsychological deficits, inattention, impulsivity, poor school performance), show persistance across life span
    childhood-onset CD
  40. Occurs most often in males and is predicted by antisocial behavior in parents & disturbed parent-child relationships
    childhood-onset CD
  41. normal early development, less severe behavior problems in adolescence (esp. violence against others), just as likely to be female, fewer comorbid problems
    adolescent-onset CD
  42. ____ and ____ are the diagnostic categories most commonly assoc w/ CD
    ADHD & oppositional-defiant disorder (ODD)
  43. coercion theory
    starting early on, kids get rewared for engaging in bad behavior
  44. Youths with CD are more likely to have been victims of ____
    child maltreatment
  45. The most powerful parent-related predictor of CD in children is parent _____
    antisocial personality d/o