nerves

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Author:
lasgarner
ID:
82776
Filename:
nerves
Updated:
2011-04-30 15:00:09
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nerves
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Description:
nerves
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  1. Vestibulocochlear



    # Vlll
    • Tests hearing.
    • Use a tuning fork.
  2. Abducens




    #Vl
    • Tests Lateral movement of the eye.
    • Have pt follow an object left and right.
  3. Sciatic



    BP
    Extend the thigh and flex the knee to test hamstring muscles
  4. Median



    BP
    Tests flexor muscles of the anterior arm. Have pt pronate the forearm or move the thumb to touch the tip of the little finger.
  5. Motor Branches

    (Deep)

    CP
    • Tests the muscles of the neck.
    • Have PT rotate the head, flex the neck laterally.
  6. Musculocutaneous




    BP
    • Tests the flexors of the arm.
    • Have PT flex elbow and supinate the forearm.
  7. Radial



    BP
    • Tests extensor muscles of the arm.
    • Have PT extent the arm at the elbow.
  8. Femoral



    LP
    • Have Pt Flex the hip and extend the knee.
    • Tests Quadricep muscles.
  9. Axillary



    BP
    • ABduct the arm against Resistance.
    • Tests extension of the Humerus.
  10. Glossopharyngeal



    CN # lX
    • Test the uvula.
    • Test gag and swallow reflex.
    • Have PT cough and Speak.
  11. Cutaneous Branch

    (superficial)

    CP
    • Tests sensation.
    • Brush the skin of the anteriolateral neck and the shoulders region.
  12. Obturator



    LP
    • Medially rotate the thigh.
    • ADduct the thigh.
  13. Pectoral
    (lateral + Medial)


    BP
    • Tests adduction muscles of the arm.
    • Adduct the arm against resistance.
  14. Long Thoracic



    BP
    • Tests protraction of the scapula.
    • Have pt do horizontal arm movements as if punching or pushing away.
  15. Subscapular



    BP
    • Medially rotate the arm, adduct the humerus.
    • Tests teres major and subscapular muscles.
  16. Ulnar



    BP
    • Tests Anterior flexor muscles of the forearm.
    • Flex the wrist, bring phalanges toward thumb to cup the hand.
  17. Dorsal Scapular



    BP
    • Tests Rotation of the scapula.
    • Have Pt imitate paddling a canoe.
  18. Suprascapular



    BP
    • Tests Abduction muscles of the arm such as the Supraspinatus.
    • Have PT abduct or laterally rotate the arm.
  19. Oculomotor



    CN # lll
    • Test eye movement.
    • Check pupil size, shape and reflex.
    • Use penlight.
  20. Trigeminal


    CN # V
    (V1) Opthalmic branch - touch cornea with whisp of cotton to elicit blinking.

    (V2) Maxillary branch - test sensation of under eye, nose and upper lip areas by using safety pin, hot or cold items.

    (V3) Mandibular branch - Clench teeth or close jaw against resistance.
  21. Trochlear



    CN # lV
    • Test eye movement.
    • Track an object up and down and around with the eye.
  22. Vagus



    CN# X
    • Test muscles of the neck.
    • Test gag and swallow reflex.
    • Ask pt to cough and speak.
  23. Facial



    CN # Vll
    • Test tearing by using ammonia fumes.
    • Test taste by using sweet, bitter, sour and salty substances on anterior 2/3rds of tongue.
  24. Ofactory



    CN# l
    • Test sense of smell.
    • Have PT sniff something such as Coffee.
  25. Optic



    CN# ll
    • Tests sight.
    • Use eye chart.
  26. Hypoglossal



    CN# Xll
    • Test tongue muscles.
    • Have PT protrude and retract tongue.
  27. ACCeSSory


    CN# Xl
    Rotate head and shrugg shoulders against resistance. f
  28. Phrenic



    CP
    • Look for inhalation.
    • Ask pt to take deep breaths.

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