Card Set Information
What are the 3 main structures of the
1. Amygdala (A)
2. Anterior Cingulate (AC)
3. Orbital Frontal Cortex (OFC)
T/F: The hippocampus is part of the limbic system
plays an important role.
What is the
most common cause
of damage to OFC
Traumatic Brain Injury
If you see a patient with:
• emotional dysregulation
• disturbed social behavior
• poor decision making
What part of the brain is most likely damaged?
How does OFC damage differ from sociopathy?
They actually feel
What age is moral behavior acquired?
What does the amygdala control?
What does the Anterior Cingulate control?
Rational cognitive fxns
Which part of the brain controls fear-response?
The Anterior Cingulate cortex controls
What kind of syndrome would a patient acquire if both temporal lobes were lesioned?
What symptoms arise if someone has Kluver Bucy syndrome?
Loss of social position
Hypersexual but decrease in social contact
If someone has trouble maintaining emotional memory, where would the lesioned area be?
If a patient is hyperoral and experiences psychic blindness, where will the damage most likely be?
Herpes simplex , what part(s) of the brain is damaged?
What part of the brain controls
What does the Orbito Frontal area of the frontal lobe do?
controls social, emotional behavior, and interaction with others
What are the 3 subdivisions of the Frontal lobe?
Lateral Frontal Cortex
Orbital Frontal Cortex
Medial Prefrontal Cortex
(acts as MEDIATOR)
Because there is
extesnive bi-lateral connections
l cortices, when you're angry, which part of the brain should cool down before you make a decision?
Orbitofrontal- its considered HOT cognition.
What did Luria say about the
lateral prefrontal cortex
Frontal lobes are essential for
intellectual activity as a whole,
the intellectual act, and
What does myelin development support?
Abstract thinking involves
Frontal lopbes are needed for planning thoughts + reasoning (monitoring and controlling thoughts)
What part of the brain is the last to develop and what age does ?
Frontal lobe-done developing by age 30
What ages are the most vulnerable to frontal lobe change?
4-6 y/o and 11-14y/o
T/F: Amygdala connects to OFC
Coup-Contracoup damage occurs at what site(s) of the brain?
Phineas gage's skull shows damage to which part(s) of the brain?