PSYC 500 Final, Part 3

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Author:
klaskew
ID:
82787
Filename:
PSYC 500 Final, Part 3
Updated:
2011-04-30 14:42:06
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developmental psychopathology
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Description:
eating d/o, abuse
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  1. involves at least 15% loss of body weight through purging and/or voluntary restriction, as well as active pursuit of thinness
    anorexia nervosa
  2. type of anorexia that relies solely on strict dieting; not regularly engaged in binge-eating or purging behavior
    restricting type
  3. type of anorexia that alternates between dieting & binge eating, followed by self-induced vomiting or purging
    binge-eating/purging type
  4. among the secondary symptoms of anorexia, _____ is one of the most common
    excessive activity
  5. ____ is another common secondary symptom of anorexia, with menstruation often ceasing prior to weight loss
    amenorrhea
  6. two peak periods of onset for anorexia are ages ___ and ___
    14 & 18
  7. ____ is often present in adolescents with anorexia, w/ one study reporting a comorbidity rate of 73%
    depression
  8. These personality characteristics are commonly seen in youths with anorexia
    low self-esteem, anxiety, obessionality, perfectionism
  9. Anorexics who restrict tend to be
    more rigid & conforming, socially insecure, obessional, and lacking in insight
  10. Anorexics who binge-purge are
    more extroverted and sociable but are more emotionally dysregulated and alternate b/t rigid overcontrol and undercontrol
  11. Anorexia is _____
    ego syntonic: they view the symptoms as consistent with their self-image & personal goals, view achieving an extremely low weight as a triumph of self-discipline
  12. Characteristic patterns of interaction in families of adolescents with anorexia
    enmeshment, overprotectiveness, rigidity, lack of conflict resolution
  13. Early onset anorexia happens before age ___, and may be associated with a less negative prognosis in that the d/o has yet to become chronic and an entrenched pattern of behavior
    16
  14. characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating, followed by attempts to prevent weight gain
    bulimia nervosa
  15. In this type of bulimia, attempts to prevent weight gain include vomiting, laxatives, and diuretics
    purging type
  16. In this type of bulimia, attempts to prevent weight gain include fasting and excessive exercise
    nonpurging type
  17. Individuals with bulimia usually have a weight that
    is within average range
  18. Individuals with bulimia are terrified of _____ rather than the amount of food consumed.
    losing control over their eating
  19. Mean age of onset for bulimia
    18
  20. Predisposing personality factors of bulimics
    inability to regulate negative feelings, need for immediate gratification, fragile sense of self
  21. The intrapersonal factors associated with bulimia are
    perfectionism, need for approval, self-criticism, low self-esteem, sensitive to rejection, high achievers
  22. Anorexics & bulimics tend to have a ____ cognitive style marked by black-or-white, all-or-none thinking
    rigid
  23. Unlike anorexia, bulimia tends to be more _____
    ego dystonic: inconsistent with one's goals and self-perceptions
  24. The family members of youth with bulimia are more likely to be
    overtly disturbed, have discord
  25. When compared to anorexia, rates of recovery from bulimia are ____
    relatively high
  26. Types of treatment for eating disorders
    pharmalogical intervention, psychodynamic psychotherapy, behavior modification, cognitive therapy, family therapy
  27. For bulimia, the binging and purging must occur, on average, at least
    twice a week for 3 months
  28. common features of both AN and BN
    dieting; unhealthy relationship to body and food; elevated risk of self-harm/suicide attempts; anxiety, depression, perfectionism; substance abuse
  29. Differences between AN & BN
    weight, distortions, personality, family, medical complications
  30. associated features of AN
    obsessionality, ritualistic behaviors, extreme perfectionism, low self-esteem, self-consciousness, cognitive impairment (when underweight)
  31. associated features of BN
    depressed mood, irritability, low self-esteem, shame/guilt, impulsive behavior, alcohol/drug problem
  32. Types of child maltreatment
    physical, sexual, neglect, emotional
  33. young maltreated children show significant delays in ____ and ____ development
    cognitive and language
  34. Physically abused children are most likely to show a pattern of _____
    avoidant attachment: refrain from seeking attention or contact when under stress
  35. The most frequently detected form of neglect in children age 2 and younger is called
    failure to thrive: significant delay in growth resulting from inadequate caloric intake
  36. ____ is the most prevalent form of maltreatment
    neglect
  37. ____ children do poorest in school
    neglected
  38. ____ is a major consequence of neglect
    insecure attachment: less able to tolerate stress of separation, to modulate their own affect and distress, and to cope with new situations
  39. In neglect ____ and ____ development are characterized by passivity and avoidance
    emotional & interpersonal
  40. ____ is the most strongly predicted by economic distress
    neglect
  41. Examples of emotional abuse
    rejection, degradation, terrorization, isolation, corruption, exploitation, denial of emotional responsiveness
  42. Most studies find that sexually abused children have _____ problems
    internalizing problems including fears, anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, and excessive shyness
  43. Teens with a history of maltreatment are at a much greater risk of _____
    substance abuse
  44. sexually abused children may develop
    chronic impairments in self-esteem, self-concept, and emotional and behavioral self-regulation, including PTSD, depression, dissociative states, and sexual maladjustment
  45. traumagenic model of sexual abuse
    betrayal, stigmatization, traumatic sexualization, powerlessness

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