Dental Assisting Final

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Dental Assisting Final
2011-04-30 14:37:45
DAS Final

DAS 220 Final
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  1. are teeth or a tooth that acts as a support to replace the missing tooth
  2. artificial tooth which is attached to the abutments
  3. done only on endodontic treated teeth. procedure is done by removing part of gutta percha and is placed in the space where gutta percha is removed, resin is added to post to build up the outside.
    post and core
  4. used with people who are in public eye. Teeth extracted, denture seated right away, acts as bandaid to stop bleeding, 3-6 mos new dentures must be made
    immediate dentures
  5. done on mand arch, usually held in place by remaining teeth or implants. Snaps down on existing teeth. Most prominent teeth: mand canines-usually endo treated and cored.
  6. prodedure to trim or shape a denture to stimmulate normal tissue apperance
  7. some surfaces of the attached gingiva and interdental papillae are this? And resemble the rind of an orange.
  8. the width of the prep
  9. the union of 2 triangluar ridges
    transverse ridge
  10. ridge that slopes from teh tip of a cusp to the centra groove
    triangular ridge
  11. is the uncut, external tooth surface next to and surrounding the cavity preparation
  12. rounded elevation on or near the occlusal surface of a tooth
  13. a thing line depression on the crown of a tooth
  14. a growth center the develops into a major part of the tooth.
  15. small, depressed area where grooves join
  16. a reaised area forming a line on the surfaces of the crowns of teeth
  17. a very deep groove can also be referred to as
  18. instruments used in the obturation of teh canal, condense and adapt the gutta-pucha into the canal.
    1-have a flat tip
    2-havea pointed tip
    • 1.pluggers
    • 2. spreaders
  19. longer, and removes coronal pulp tissue, decay, and temp cements
    endo spoon excavator
  20. paddle-shaped, designed for placement of temp restorations, and the rod shaped plugger is used for removal of excess gutta-purcha
    click number 1
  21. thin flexible, tapered metal hand instrument. tiny fishhook-like, used to remove viatal, inflamed hemorrhagic pulp tissue from canal
  22. has twisted design and used in intiial debridement(cleaning) of canal during later stages of shaping and contouring canal, has stiff feel.
    k-type file
  23. provides greater cutting efficiency bc of its design, used for final enlargement of canal
    hedstrom file
  24. similar to k-type file, but cutting edges are farther apart
    reamer file
  25. what are the absorbable by body and dont remove kind of sutres
    gut, collagen and plydioxanone
  26. whart are the non-absorbable-stay in 5-7 days kind of sutures
    sil, nylon, and ploypropylene
  27. what kind of sutures are most popular bc they are stonger, durable and easy to manipulate
  28. dry socket
  29. from birth to mixed dentition, can to till 18
    pediatric age
  30. the unattched gingiva is about ? wide, and it forms the soft wall of the gingival sulcus-(which is space between teh tooth and the gums where popcorn becomes lodges)
  31. (pedo procedure) used for loose, fractured, or avulsed(can be replanted w/ varying degrees of success) teeth, temporaary saves tooth
  32. calcium and phospahate salts in saliva that becomes mineralized and adhere to tooth surface
  33. soft deposit on teeth that consist of bacteria and bacterial by-procucts
  34. used by any company; drug sold without a brand name or trademark
  35. the chemical formula of a drug, involves chemical that is in the drug.
    chemical name
  36. controlled by business firm as registered trademark for example tylenol/acetaminophen
    brand name/trade name
  37. what are the routes of drug administration/absorbtion
    oral, topical transdermal, inhalation, sublingual, and injection
  38. drug through a patch that continuously relases a controlled quantity of medication through the skin
    transdermal route
  39. drug being placed with medication under the tounge(absorption takes place through oral mucosa)
    sublingual route
  40. drug from the site of entry, slowest-is by mouth(orally)
  41. once drug has entered bloodstream, teh chemical compound of a drug attaches to teh protiens within the blood, and circulated thorughout teh body to be released adn take effect
  42. once chemical compound is released, the drug becomes metabolized adn is then excreted though liver or kidneys
  43. the drug leaves the body by way of kidneys, liver, saliva, breast milk, and sweat
  44. pt name and address, the date, and symbol Rx
  45. name and quantity of the drug
  46. directions for mixing th medication (completed by pharmacist)
  47. instructions for the patient on how to take the medicine, when to take it, and how much to take
  48. what are the 6 factors contributing to maloclusion?
    • 1.thumb-finger sucking
    • 2.tounge sucking
    • 3.bruxism
    • 4.mouth breathing
    • 5.tounge thrusting
    • 6.genetics-can't control
  49. what are the 2 sources of pulpal nerves damage?
    physical irritation and trama