comp pt final
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for the geriatric pt what are the three barriers to treatment?
- lack of perceived need (most common)
- economic and access
where are caries found most frequently with the geriatric pt?
t/f xerostomia is prevalent in the elderly. It is a consequency of age
- first statement is true
- second statement is FALSE it is NOT a consequency of age
what is the most common cause of xerostomia in the elderly?
what are the three cuases of xerostomia in the elderly?
- systemic medications
- auto-immune disease and systemic disease
- radiation therapy
what are the etiologic factors for angular chelitis?
candidiasis and vitamin B deficiency
t/f an elderly pt with dentures is at high risk for angular chelitis
what are two aging associated disorders
what are the oral findings in aging with the tongue?
- atrophic glossits
- taste sensations decline
- sublingual varicosites
what is the most common infection of the oral mucosal tissues
what are the two most common forms of oral candidiasis
- denture stomatitis
- angular cheiltis
t/f pts with xerostomia have an incrased incidence of candidiasis
the number of blood vessels entering the tooth ____ with age
why do pulpal changes develop?
- reactions to wear
- dental caries
elderly pt teeth are more ____ compared with young people, and may having chipping
how is the cementum affected with aging?
____ given to mothers in the 2nd and 3rd trimester resulted in ____% of offsrping being caries free fro up to 10 years
fluoride intake can ____ birth weight and _____ premature births
what should a expecting mother take to prevent spina bifida?
what is the most common oral complication in pregnancy?
what is a pregnancy tumor?
what is the cause for preganncy gingivitis?
- poor oral hygiene leaving biofilm on teeth
- changes in hormones may later tissue reaction
where does a pyogenic granuloma usually occur?
labial aspects of interdental area
what are the symptoms of a pyogenic granuloma?
- bleeds eaisly
- often painless
what is the cause for enamel erosion of a pregnant pt
morning sickness with vomiting
how do you prevent enamel erosion with a prego pt
- eat small non-cariogenic food throughout the day
- use a sodium bicarbonate rinse
- chew sugarless gum w/xylitol
- use low abrasive toothpaste
what is the cause for dental caries in a prego pt?
- diet during pregnancy
- neglect of oral care
t/f pregnancy increasese the amount of caries
false-habits of bregnant woman may cahnge anc cause more caries to occur
what antibiotic can cause intrinsic staining for the baby of a prego pt?
when should radiographs be avoided during pregnancy?
when would you take radiographs on a prego pt?
if necessary to benefit pt for accurate treatment
what treatment can be done in the first trimester?
- assess and instruct
- baseline prophy
when is the best time for treatment with a prego pt
what tx can be done during the third trimester?
what side should a prego pt be positioned? why?
- left side
- prevent supine hyptension
what vitamin taken by prego pt can help prevent preterm birth but if taken excessively may cause birth defects?
when is the safest for the fetus to work on a prego pt?
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