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Paul Laurence Dunbar
Dialect poems, plays on stereotypes. Met/ was admired by Frederick Douglass at the world’s fair. Born in OH
Booker T. Washington
Up from Slavery
Narrative. DuBois said he was too passive of accepting social reality. Liked hard work. Born a slave.
A Wagner Matinee
Grew up in Nebraska, wrote about life on the farm
FDA, pure food & drug act. Exposed meatpacking industry.
The Promised Land
Supported TR’s progressive party, Jewish. 1st poem published in the Boston herald. Immigrated to Boston from polotsk.
Bitterness, reminiscing, lost generation tone.
Folktales/ Folk mythology
- Who made Paul Bunyan from The People, Yes
- The Chicago Poems
Was a myth, Paul was static, didn’t change internally. Sandburg seemed to be an observer of the lost generation.
Disillusionment at 10 o’clock
Not published until 1923, used color
Edna St. Vincent Millay
Was an important political figure in 30s/40s for writing political poetry against euro fascism. Grew up in Maine.
- To the white fiend
Born in Jamaica, hostility in his poems towards racism/am.
William Carlos Williams
The red wheelbarrow
Imagism, word pics
James Weldon Johnson
Born in FL, trained as a lawyer, was a teacher, moved to NYC for musical theater.
Opposition to ww2
The death of ball turret gunner
Fear of war, pity, plays on fears, conflicts, imagery, tone.
Civil rights mvmt
Talks of the decay of the civil rights mvmt/af am culture.
Beat generation, dissatisfaction w/ am.
Subterranean homesick blues, talking john birch paranoid blues, talking wwIII blues, masters of war.
Opposition to war, protests, ignorance, civ rights
What’s going on, what’s happening brother, flyin high in the friendly sky ect.
Viet war opposition, no work, no money, drugs.
Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country.
Allusions to bible, promotes peace/unity.
Rap: the message, bedtime story, hard times, Jesse