SLCC Anatomy Chapter 4

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SLCC Anatomy Chapter 4
2011-04-30 16:54:42
SLCC Anatomy

Tissue Level of Organization
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  1. Epithelial cells whose apical surfaces are covered with microvilli are most
    • transportation specialists
    • located in the digestive or urinary tract
    • sites of absorption and secretion
    • all of the above
  2. In body regions where mechanical stresses are severe, one would most likely
    encounter which type of epithelium?
    keratinized stratified squamous
  3. Although its main function is protection, ____________ epithelium also serves a
    secretory function by lining the larger ducts of most exocrine glands
    stratified cuboidal
  4. Of all the body's organ systems, the ____________ system is the most directly
    associated with ductless glands.
  5. Unicellular exocrine glands produce
  6. Which exocrine glands do not have ducts?
    goblet cells
  7. If, as some argue, lactation involves both merocrine and apocrine secretion,
    then milk would contain
    cytoplasm as well as exocytotic products
  8. Looking at a microscopic slide, you see a sheet of tissue one cell thick, lining
    an open space. The tissue must be
    a simple epithelium
  9. A tissue section containing successive layers of smooth muscle, connective
    tissue, and transitional epithelium could be from the wall of the
    urinary bladder
  10. Among the following, which has the fewest cells per unit volume?
    dense connective tissue
  11. Which of the following tissues is typically most closely associated with
  12. Which two tissues compose most of the integumentary system?
    dense irregular connective tissue and stratified squamous epithelium
  13. Connective tissues perform all of the following functions except
    conducting electrical impulses
  14. ____________ connective tissue is most similar to areolar, but is unique among
    connective tissues in having relatively little extracellular matrix
  15. Which of the following selections includes only wandering cells that may
    occur in connective tissue proper?
    mast cells, neutrophils, and free macrophages
  16. Although you are not likely to see them, many fixed macrophages and fibroblasts
    reside in ____________ connective tissue.
  17. Which structures may be composed of either elastic or dense regular connective
  18. Of all the connective tissues, which one contains the fewest blood vessels?
  19. All of the following are unique features of cardiac muscle except
    cells are connected by gap junctions
  20. In some women, the vaginal lining transforms after puberty from simple columnar
    to stratified squamous epithelium. This is an example of
  21. The most plausible explanation for the "smoker's cough" that develops when the
    tracheal epithelium changes from pseudostratified columnar to stratified
    squamous is that
    the stratified squamous epithelium has no cilia to remove accumulating mucus
  22. A defective gene on chromosome 15 causes Marfan syndrome, a suite of health
    problems stemming from abnormalities in
    • fibrillin, collagen, and elastin
    • proteins in the matrix of connective tissues
    • both of the above
  23. If a person continues to overeat, liposuction may not be a permanent solution to
    excess weight because of
  24. Which of the four principal tissue types develops embryonically from all three
    primary germ layers?
  25. The four principal types of tissues are
    epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
  26. Which type of tissue facilitates movement of the skeleton or organ walls?
  27. Functions of epithelial tissue include
    protecting exposed surfaces
  28. Which of the following is not a characteristic of tight junctions?
    allow free flow of cytoplasm between neighboring cells
  29. Unlike other intercellular junctions, ____________ only attach a cell to its
    neighbors at potential stress points.
  30. At ____________, transmembrane proteins create tiny pores through which small
    molecules and ions pass between adjoining cells.
    gap junctions
  31. Epithelia are classified on the basis of
    number of cell layers and shape of cells at the apical surface
  32. Which type of epithelium is adapted to protect underlying tissues from abrasion
    and friction?
    stratified squamous
  33. Nonciliated simple columnar epithelium often contains ____________, which
    increase the surface area for secretion and absorption.
  34. The three shapes of cells used to classify most epithelia are described as
    squamous, columnar, and cuboidal
  35. Multicellular exocrine glands may be classified by their
    • form and structure
    • type of secretion
    • method of secretion
    • all of the above
  36. In apocrine glands, the secretory product is released
    upon destruction of the entire gland cell
  37. Examples of apocrine glands include which of the following?
    mammary and some sweat glands
  38. What are the three basic components of connective tissue?
    cells, protein fibers, and ground substance
  39. Embryonic connective tissues include
    • mesenchyme
    • Wharton's jelly
    • both of the above
  40. Mesenchyme
    • gives rise to all other connective tissues
    • is the first connective tissue to emerge in the embryo
    • persists as stem cells in some adult connective tissues
    • all of the above
  41. Which two classes of cells are found in connective tissue proper?
    resident cells and wandering cells
  42. The major functions of loose connective tissue include
    • occupying spaces between organs and supporting epithelia
    • supporting and surrounding blood vessels and nerves
    • cushioning organs, storing lipids, and facilitating diffusion
    • all of the above
  43. Which term describes a band of dense regular connective tissue that attaches two
  44. Dense irregular connective tissue that forms a supporting layer around cartilage
    is called
  45. Which of the following pairings is incorrect?
    supporting connective tissue, blood
  46. The minute passageways in the bony matrix that allow osteocytes to communicate
    with each other are called
  47. All of the following are types of serous membranes except
  48. Which of the following is a major function of serous membranes?
    minimizing friction between opposing surfaces
  49. Skeletal muscle is
    striated and voluntary
  50. Cells in which tissue type are specialized to transmit electrical impulses from
    one body region to another?
  51. The two types of cells in nervous tissue are
    neurons and glial cells
  52. Nervous tissue cells that play several supporting roles but do not transmit
    impulses are called
    glial cells
  53. As individuals age, epithelia become
  54. Aging affects connective tissues in which of the following ways?
    • loss of pliability and resiliency
    • decreased efficiency in tissue repair and wound healing
    • joint pains and brittle bones
    • all of the above
  55. Which tissue contains a calcified ground substance and is specialized for
    structural support?
    bone connective tissue
  56. What is the predominant cell type in areolar connective tissue?
  57. Preventing desiccation and providing surface lubrication within a body cavity
    are the functions of ___________ membranes.
  58. Which of the following is a correct statement about a simple epithelium?
    It is adapted for diffusion and filtration.
  59. Which of the following is not a function of an epithelium?
    It serves as a packing and binding material.
  60. Which connective tissue type is composed of cells called chrondrocytes and may
    be surrounded by a covering called perichondrium?
  61. Aging effects on tissue include which of the following?
    All of these statements are correct.
  62. Which epithelial tissue type lines the trachea (air tube)?
    pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium
  63. Which muscle type consists of long, cylindrical cells with multiple nuclei
    located at the periphery of the cell?
    skeletal muscle
  64. What is the shape of the epithelial cells in a mesothelium?