comp pt final

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comp pt final
2011-04-30 18:19:27

preadolescent to postmenopausal pt and abuse and seizure disorders/psychiactric disorders
Show Answers:

  1. what are the vasomotor reactions of menopause?
    • hot flashes
    • night sweats
    • sleeping problems
  2. what are the vaginal changes of menopause?
    dryness, irritation, infections
  3. what are the vaginal changes associated with?
    decreased estrogen levels
  4. what are the emotional disturbances associated wtih menopause?
    mood swings, depression, irritable, low sex drive, weight gain

    oh man can't wait for this part of life how JOYOUS!
  5. when is caries rate the highest?
    during adolescent years
  6. how do you give OHE to an autistic pt?
    show do tell
  7. for an autistic pt how should the appt be planned?
    provide predictable, consistent experience, quiet and short appt, show do tell
  8. when does autism appear?
  9. with what mental disability is irregular tooth eruption sequenct, microdontia, congenitally missing teeth not uncommon?
    down syndrom
  10. t/f a premed is needed for down syndrome pt
    true-usually have congenital heart lesion
  11. how do you get good appt cooperatin with a down syndrome pt
    • liek attention
    • give rewards (sticker)
  12. what are some conditions that mimic physical abuse?
    • bruising-accidental injuries, thrombocytopenia purpura
    • burns and red lesion-prot wine statin
    • skin lesions-bulbous impetigo, birthmarks
  13. what type of abuse is non accidental injuris on family members by spouse, parents, siblings, caregivers
    physical violence
  14. what is described as willful or unwillful failure of a caregiver or parent to provide basic necessities to individuals in their care, including abandonment, medical, dental and deprivation neglect
    physical neglect
  15. what is described as nonconsensual or exploitive contact including sexual intercourse, oral sex, fondling or pornographic activites on one family member by another
    sexual violence
  16. what is described ase mental anguish and despair caused by ridicule, intimidation, humilation, name calling, harassment, threats and controlling behavior
    emotional abuse
  17. what is warning sensation felt before a seizure
  18. when is an aura most often felt?
    before tonic clonic seizure
  19. upon recognizing an aura what should the pt do?
    seek to find a safe place to sit/lie down before the seizure starts
  20. what type of seizure is a cessation of ongoing activity, staring spell, dizzienss, jerking of muscles around the mouth with no loss of consciousness?
    simple partial
  21. what type of seizure is a trance like start with confusion for a few minutes to a few hours, impaired consciousness, meaningless movements followed by confusion, humor or bad temer and no collection of events
    complex seizures
  22. what type of seizure is a loss of consciousness for 5 to 30 seconds, blank stare, fixed posture, loose grip, pale, twitching of eyelids, eyebrows, head or chewing
    absence seizure
  23. what type of seizure is when there is a sudden loss of consciousness, pt becomes stiff and falls, ridged contraciton and relaxation of muscles, pale or blue skin, bladder/bowel loss of control, drooling, tongue may be bitten, teeth may grind, lasts 1-3 minutes
    grand mal-tonic clonic
  24. what type of seizure lasts 5 or more minutes?
    seizure epilepticus
  25. what type of seizure does an epileptic cry appear?
    tonic clonic
  26. what is a epileptic cry?
    muscles in the chest/pharynx (diaphram) contract and force out air
  27. what type of seizure effects the entire brain at the same time?
  28. type of seizure effects a portion of the brain
    partial seizure
  29. what is the most common anti-seizure drug?
  30. which drugs cause gingival hyperplasia?
    • phenytonin
    • felbamate
    • levetiracetam
    • oxycarbazepine
  31. ___ ___ occurs in 25-50% of people using phenytonin.
    gingival hyperplasia
  32. what age group does gingival hyperplasia usually effect
    young pts
  33. what is the physiologic cause of gingival hyperplasia?
    fibroblasts and osteoblasts deposit too much extracellular matrix
  34. what effects the anterior maxillary teeth the most, loos fibrous, stippled and may cover portion of the crown. also may wedge teeth apart?
    gingival hyperplasia