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- short, meaningful story that was one of Jesus' Chief teaching devices
- Taught through parables - short stories that illustrate a moral lesson typically featuring human characters
1st two commandments emphasized
- 1. Love God with your heart, soul and mind.
- 2. Love your neighbor as yourself.
- Doctrines concerning the endof the world
- Branch of theology dealing with end times or last things. Includes such subjects as the afterlife, the Day of Judgment, the Second Coming, and the end of the world.
- 'Second founder' of Christianity
- Conversion on the road to Damascus - encountered Christ in a blinding light
- "The giving of thanks", meal in rememberance of the Last Supper
- A sacrament recognized by all branches of Christianity. Commemorates the Last Supper of Christ with the sharing of bread and wine. See also transubstantiation and Real Presence.
'to immerse' symbolizes conversion to the f aith and washing away original sin
- The rite of admission to membership in Christian churches that involves
- immersing, sprinkling or anointing with water. Regarded as a sacrament
- by Catholic, Orthodox and Protestant Christians. Most denominations
- practice infant baptism; some only baptize adult believers.
(called Old Testament by Christians)
The last 27 books of the Christian Bible constitute the New Testament (NT)
- It includes four accounts of Jesus' life and ministry (the
- Gospels), an account of the Apostles' ministry after Jesus' death (the Acts of
- the Apostles), letters attributed to the Apostle Paul and other early church
- leaders (the epistles), and a book of apocalyptic prophecy (Revelation).
Four Gospels (good news)
- sacred text of the life of Jesus
- Matthew - Jewish audience. Christ as the new 'Moses' who offers the new Torah
- Mark - shortest gospel and simplest. No childhood account of Jesus. Ends with empty tomb resurrection part added later
- Luke - stresses miracles, gospel of mercy and compassion
- John - elaboration on Jesus' teachings. Jesus as incarnation of God
- Bishop of North Africa
- Wrote Confessions and City of God
- 'universal' instituation that first expressed the Christan religion on a large scale (wester Europe of Christianity)
- Has a Pope (father) bishop of Rome and head of Roman Catholic Church
- 'correct belief' lead by patriarchs
- Eastern Europe of Chritianity
The time of 16th centry, reject tradition of Catholic Church
Saint Thomas, unity of Christian faith
Marthin Luther (Protestant Reformation)
- Wrote the 95 Theses agains indulgences
- Translate NT into German
German monk and professor whose questioning of church practices led to the Protestant Reformation. See Martin Luther.
- Wrote the book, The Institutes of the Christian Religion
Council of Trent (Catholic Counter Reformation)
scripture and tradition as sources of authority, upheld authority of pope, justificiation by grase, system of indulgence corrected
- The 19th ecumenical council of the Catholic Church, which took place
- over the period 1545-63. A very important council in that it reformed
- numerous aspects of church practice (e.g., abolished the sale of
- indulgences) and clarified Catholic doctrine in response to the
- challenges by Reformers.
Seven Catholic Sacraments
- Confirmation (being accepted into church/religion)
- Penance (confess sins)
- Eucharist (eating bread/wine of body/blood of Jesus)
- Extreme Unction (last confession)
- Holy orders
"The Lord's Day", day to devote rest and worship
Beginning of church year
- Birth of Jesus
- Holiday celebrating the birth of Jesus on December 25.
Christ 3 days after his death
Birthday of church
Two froms of early Christian worship?
Eucharist and Baptism