hematologic and oncologic disorders and diabetes/endocrine disorders
what is the bone patter seen on xrays of a pt with sickle cell anemia?
what disease would a pt have if on the xrays a trabecular pattern is seen in the bone?
sickle cell anemia
what type of blood cell is responsible for transporting hemoglobin and to carry oxygen to the body cells and carbon dioxide transport from the cells
red blood cell
what organ produces clotting factors?
what are the two types of white blood cells?
what are the three types of granulocytes?
neutrophils, eosinophils basophils
what are the two types of agranulocytes?
what type of blood cell is the primary defense against microbial infection and are critical for mounting an immune response
white blood cells
what type of blood cell defends the body thru phagocytosis and enzymatic destruction, they are the first line of denfense of the body
what type of blood cell is involved in inflammatory allergic reactions and infection by parasites?
what type of blood cell is to increase vascular permeability during inflammation of phagocytic cells can pass into the area
what are the three types of lymphocytes?
Natural killer cells
what blood cell is involved with the delayed or cellular imune reaction
what blood cell plays an important role in the immediate or humoral immune system involving the production of plasma cells and immunoglobulins?
what blood cell is involved in phagocytosis, intracellular killin and mediating of the immune and inflammatory response. sever as antigen presenting cells and migrate into tissues
what is active in the blood clotting mechanism, essential in the maintenance of the integrity of blood capillaries by closing thema t a time of injury and participates in clot dissolution after healing?
what is the normal count for platelets?
what is the objective of chemo?
destroy the cancer cell and keep it from metastasizing, to prevent cancer from recurring, to provide an improved quality of life
what are the contraindicaitons with xerostomia in a cancer pt?
avoid hot spicy salty or sharp foods
avoid lemon and glycerin swabs
what type of cancer treatment impacts the cancer cells' ability to replicate and survive
what are expected conditions of radiation treatment? 3
diabetes acts as what factors to perio? 3
conditioning, modifying and accelerating factor
t/f an older pt with diabetes can have mroe severe periodontal disease?
a sudden deterioration of periodontal health may indicate what for a pt?
reduced control of diabetes
t/f perio infections affect blood glucose levels in diabetes
treatment of perio and reduction of inflammation is associated with improved what?
metabolic control by reduction in level of HbA1
when can insulin increase?
due to fever, infection, inflammation, trauma, bleeding, pain or stress
what does peripheral neuropothy cause?
pain, n umbness ortingling of mouth, face and extremities leading to foot ulcerations or infections because they can't feel pain
what organ produces insulin
what is a silent killer?
t/f the average life span of a person is reduced with diabetes
____ and its complications are the leading cuase of death
what are pregnancy problems associated with diabetes? 3
babees with birth defects
what are two retinopathy associated with diabetes
glaucoma and catacracts
what GI problems does autonomic neuropathy cause?
gastropariesis-delayed food absorption, complication in managing blooc glucose leves, food may harden causing obstruction in intestines or stomach and may cause overgrowth of bacteria
what would a pt have who is characterized as having: weakness, fatigue, abnormal pigmentation of skin and mucous membranes, hypertension, anorexia and weight loss, delayed healing and increased susceptibility to infection
what would a pt have who has these symptoms: hirsutism, weight gain, moon shpaed face, buffalo hump, abdominal straie, hypertension, acne