DAH Final

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Amynicole5
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82848
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DAH Final
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2011-04-30 18:44:04
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DAH Final
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DAH Final
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  1. area distinguished by color differentiation from adjacent tissue; flat (freckles)
    macule
  2. small circumscribed lesion usually < 1cm in diameter elevated above surface of
    normal tissue.
    papule
  3. circumscribed elevated lesion > 5mm in diameter with serous fluid, looks like a
    blister.
    bulla
  4. various sized round elevations containing pus
    pustules
  5. base of a lesion that is flat or broad instead of stem-like.
    sessile
  6. attached by a stem-like or stalk base (mushroom
    pedunculated
  7. feeling of area with fingers. [soft, firm, semifirm, fluid filled
    palpation
  8. wrinkled tin roof
    corrugated
  9. one compartment or unit that is well defined
    uniocular
  10. ill defined or spread out
    diffuse
  11. erythematous
    red
  12. malignant tumors? (5)
    melanoma, sarcoma, carcinoma, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma
  13. these is a clinical dx which is very common
    tori geographic tounge
  14. radiographic dx?
    periapical pathosis (PAP)
  15. historical dx that occurs in black women, 60's
    • periapical cental dysplasia
    • (cementoma)
  16. laboratory dx, elevated serum alkaline phosphatese level
    paget's disease
  17. use of biopsy specimen, MAIN component of definitive dx?
    microscopic dx
  18. rediolucency scalloping around roots
    -lesion opened surgically – empty void of bone (fills in)
    traumatic bone cyst
  19. entrapped salivary gland tissue
    developmental anomaly – bilateral
    well – circumscribed
    lingual mand. Bone concavity (Stafne’s bone cyst)
  20. aspiration of lesion
    differentiation of vascular lesion
  21. bread and butter,
    use of above procedures to determine FINAL diagnosis
    May use all parts or specific parts
    case study
    differential dx
  22. Clusters of ectopic sebaceous glands
    lips and buccal mucosa
    Fordyce Granuules
  23. palatal tori or maxillary tori
    occur more commonly in women
    Torus Palatinus
  24. usually bilateral
    Mandibular tori
  25. pigment that gives color to skin, eyes, hair, mucosa, and ging
    melanin
  26. prominent veins located on ventral/lateral surfaces of tongue
    lingual varicosites
  27. sessile nodule on gingival margin of the lingual aspect of mand.
    canines
    retrocuspid papilla
  28. “white line” on buccal mucosa along occlusal plane
    -bilateral usually
    prominent with bruxism or clenching
    linea alba
  29. generalized opalescence of buccal mucosa (grayish-white)
    most commonly in Afro-Americans
    disappears when mucosa is stretched
    Leukoedema
  30. thyroid tissue that has become entrapped in the tissues of the tongue
    more common in females – hormonal
    located as a mass in midline of dorsal of tongue in the area of the foramen caecum
    lingual thyroid nodule
  31. flat or slightly raised oval or rectangular erythematous area in the midline of dorsal surface of tongue
    median rhomboid glossitis
  32. "benign migratory glossitis"
    Gerographic tounge
  33. filiform papillae become elongated and appear white, yellow, black or brown
    hairy tounge
  34. short duration, arises quickly
    acute
  35. movement of WBC's to area of injury
    chemotaxis
  36. passage of WBC's through endotheial wall of small blood vessels
    emigration
  37. inflammatory fluid; serum protiens and leukocytes (pus)
    exudate
  38. abnormal multiplication or increase in the number of normal cells
    hyperplasia
  39. enlargement of tissue or organ due to an increase in the size of the cell, not the number of cells
    hypertrophy
  40. temporary increase in # of WBC’s circulating in the blood
    leukocytosis
  41. or swelling of a lymph node
    lymphadenopathy
  42. occurs in the early stage of inflammation; WBC’s occupy the periphery of a blood vessel and adhere to endothelial cells lining the blood vessel
    margination
  43. the adherence of WBC’s to the endothelial cells lining an injured blood vessel
    pavementing
  44. containing or forming pus
    purulent
  45. restoration of damaged or diseased tissue
    repair
  46. having a fluid or watery consistency
    serous
  47. localized swelling of tissue due to edema, accompanied by sever itching
    wheal
  48. one area
    local
  49. throughout
    systemic
  50. mimimal and brief
    acute
  51. continued inflammation and longer, wks mos
    chronic
  52. redness heat swelling pain and loss of nomal tissue function
    cardinal signs of inflammation
  53. increase in # of WBC's
    leukocytosis
  54. plasma fluids & proteins that leave the blood vessels & enter the surrounding tissues.
    exudate
  55. mainly plasma fluids/protiens thin clear
    serous
  56. tissue debris/many WBC's and serous thick/colored
    purulent
  57. clincal sign of edema(swelling)
    wheal
  58. a formation of a natural drainage passage boring through tissue allowing
    drainage of exudates (Buccal Parulus)
    fistula
  59. movement of WBC’s to periphery of vessel walls
    margination
  60. linng of vessel walls with WBC's
    pavementing
  61. escape of WBC from vessels of plasma fluids that enter tissue
    emigration
  62. causes of emigration:
    • *inc blood flow causing increase pressure
    • *opening of junctions of endothelial cells lining blood vessel
    • *inc mobility of WBC’s
    • *chemical mediators causing directional movement of WBC’s (chemotaxis)
  63. also called PMN’s (polymorphonuclear leukocyte)
    neutrophils
  64. 60-70% of WBC pop.
    neutrophils
  65. what are the 3 systems of chemcial mediators
    kinin system, comlement system, clotting mechanism
  66. – involved in chronic inflammation & immune response
    LYMPHOCYTE/PLASMA CELL
  67. ingestion of foreign substances by WBC's
    phagocytosis
  68. become macrophages after emigration
    monocytes
  69. start or enhance the inflammatory response
    chemical mediators
  70. -Mediates inflammation by causing inc dilation of blood vessels at the site inc permeability of blood vessels by widening gaps between endothelial cells
    -Early phase of inflammation
    kinin system
  71. 2nd cell to emigrate
    aka macrophage
    monocyte
  72. -sequential cascade of plasma proteins that are present in the blood in an activated form
    - Release of histamine (mast cells)
    complement system
  73. clots bld and helps w repair, platelets
    clotting mechanism
  74. fever producing substance
    pyrogens
  75. the body’s final defense mechanism in its attempt to restore injured tissue to its original state
    repair

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