THEORY II REVIEW FINAL!!

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Author:
jackiedh
ID:
82866
Filename:
THEORY II REVIEW FINAL!!
Updated:
2011-04-30 22:03:55
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part6
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Description:
calculus, fl2 applications
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  1. what are the components/composition of calculus?
    inorganic/organic/organic matrix
  2. mineralization of calc occurs in _________
    24-72 hours
  3. enamel = ____% inorganic salts
    96%
  4. dentin is ____% inorganic salts
    65%
  5. cementm and bone contain __________% inorganic salts
    45-50%
  6. mature calculus has _______% inorganic salts
    70-90%
  7. calcium
    phosphorus
    carbonate
    sodium
    magnesium
    potassium
    fluorie
    crystals are all __________
    inorganic
  8. what are the 3 steps for CALC formation?
    • pellicle forms
    • biofilm forms
    • mineralization 24-72 hours
  9. calc forms in _______ and the SURFACE depends on the ________. the _______ layer is usually partially calcified
    • LAYERS
    • roughness
    • OUTER
  10. the formation average time is ___ days. 10 days = ____ and 20 days = _____
    • 12 days
    • fast
    • slow
  11. the supra mineral source for calc is ______
    the subgingival mineral sources are: ____ ____ and _____ _____
    • saliva
    • gingival sulcus fluid
    • inflammatory exudate
  12. NaF Fl2 gels and foam= ___% _____ppm
    • 2%
    • 9,050ppm
  13. fl2 varnish = ___% and _____ppm
    • 5%
    • 22,600 ppm
    • (2.3%ion)
  14. APF = ____% and _____ppm
    • 1.23%
    • 12,300ppm
  15. why can you not use APF for composite or porcelain materials?
    • because it can dissolve filler particles of composite
    • and can etch porcelain
  16. what is the standard of care as a caries preventive agent?
    5% varnish
  17. when should a fl2 home application be used?
    • for rampant enamel or root caries
    • xerostomia
    • exposure to radiation
    • surface hypersensitivity
  18. when are mouth rinses limited?
    • for children under 6 years who cannot rinse due to oral or facial musculature problems or other disabilities.
    • alcohol cannot be used for recovering alcoholics
  19. what is the lethal dose of fl2 in an adult and a child?
    • adult = 5-10 g
    • child = .5-1 g
  20. what are signs and symptoms of acute toxicity?
    • nausea
    • vomiting
    • diarrhea
    • abdominal pain
  21. when do signs and symptoms of acute toxicity occur?
    within 30 minutes of ingestion
  22. fluoride + hydrochloric acid = ______ _____
    hydrofluoric acid (stomach lining irritant)
  23. systemic = blood hypocalcemia (lack of Ca in the blood) convulsions, paresthesia can be from what?
    acute toxicity of fl2
  24. chronic toxicity is _______ fluorosis.
    skeletal
  25. osteosclerosis is from ______ toxicity
    chronic
  26. excess in water during developmental years = _______
    fluorosis
  27. what is dental fluorosis as white opacities. no health problem is involved, many white spots are not visible unless dried or under harsh light?
    mild fluorosis
  28. what is the max NaF dispensed per household?
    • 264 mg NaF
    • (120 mg of fl2)

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