Benji Exam 1

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Benji Exam 1
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2011-05-02 18:10:29
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Benji Exam 1
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  1. 1. The different forms or values of a gene that an individual may possess (e.g., blue eyes, vs. brown eyes) is called ___________
    a. a gene
    b. an allele
    c. a chromosome
    d. DNA
    an allele
  2. 2. In both parents are carriers (each one with an abnormal recessive gene), their children have a ______ chance of having the disorder.
    A. 100 %
    B. 25 %
    C. 50 %
    D. 75%
    B. 25%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. 4. An abnormally small pinna is called _______________.
    A. Microtia
    B. Aural Stenosis
    C. Aplasia
    D. Anotia
    A. Microtia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. 5. Aural atresia will result in a __________________ hearing loss.
    A. conductive
    B. sensorineural
    C. mixed
    d. none of the above
    A. conductive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. 6. An abnormal bony growth on the ear canal wall:
    A. external otitis
    B. otitis media
    C. exostosis
    D. cerumen
    C. exostosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. 3. This most common form of genetic hearing loss is _____________________
    A. sex-linked, and non-syndromic
    B. autosomal recessive, and non-syndromic
    C. autosomal recessive, and syndromic
    D. autosomal dominant, and syndromic
    B. autosomal recessive, and non-syndromic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. An infection in the outer ear (AKA swimmers ear):
    A. exostosis
    B. cerumen
    C. otitis media
    D. external otitis
    D. external otitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. 8. Painful blisters on the TM:
    A. Tympanosclerosis
    B. Bullous Mryingitis
    C. serous otitis media
    D. otitis media with effusion
    B. Bullous Mryingitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. 9. Tympanosclerosis usually results in:
    A. no hearing loss,
    B. a significant conductive hearing loss
    C. damage to the outer hair cells
    D. a sensorineural hearing loss
    A. no hearing loss,
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. 10. Tympanic membrane perforations can be caused by:
    a. foreign objects (Q-tips)
    b. barotrauma
    c. middle ear infections
    d. a and c
    e. all of the above
    e. all of the above
  11. 11. When fluid accumulates in the middle ear space, but is not infected:
    A. glomous tumor
    B. acute otitis media
    C. mastoiditis
    D. otosclerosis
    E. cholestoetoma
    F. otitis media with effusion
    F. otitis media with effusion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. 12. An accumulation of keratin and skin debris in the middle ear:
    A. cholestoetoma
    B. mastoiditis
    C. otitis media with effusion
    D. otosclerosis
    E. glomous tumor
    F. acute otitis media
    A. cholestoetoma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. 13. Results in pulsing tinnitus:
    A. mastoiditis
    B. cholestoetoma
    C. otitis media with effusion
    D. otosclerosis
    E. acute otitis media
    F. glomous tumor
    F. glomous tumor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. 14. Spongy bone that grows and hardens on the ossicles, preventing them from moving properly:
    A. mastoiditis
    B. otitis media with effusion
    C. acute otitis media
    D. cholestoetoma
    E. otosclerosis
    F. glomous tumor
    E. otosclerosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. 15. Disorders that prevent sound from being transmitted to the cochlea efficiently result in a ____________ hearing loss:
    A. sensorineural
    B. conductive
    C. outer hair cell
    D. mixed
    B. conductive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. 16. Disorders originating from the cochlea or auditory nerve result in a ____________ hearing loss:
    A. central
    B. sensorineural
    C. mixed
    D. conductive
    B. sensorineural
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. 17. Occurs when there is a conductive and sensorineural hearing loss.
    A. central hearing loss
    B. Ischemia
    C. meniers disease
    D. mixed hearing loss
    D. mixed hearing loss
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. 18. Which disorder is associated with eyes that are 2 different colors, white forelock, and sensorineural hearing loss?
    A. Alport syndrome
    B. Neurofibromatosis 2
    C. Waardenberg syndrome
    D. Kippel-Feil syndrome
    C. Waardenberg syndrome
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. 19. Which disorder is associated with excessive endolymphatic fluid pressure?
    A. Goldenhar’s syndrome
    B. Menier’s Disease
    C. Alport syndrome
    D. Waardenberg syndrome
    B. Menier’s Disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. 20. Perception of sound when there is no external sound present is called:
    A. Endolymphatic hydrops
    B. Tinnitus
    C. Perilymphatic fistula
    D. Conductive hearing loss
    B. Tinnitus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. 21. Tympanic membrane perforations:
    a. can heal on their own without any treatment
    b. are repaired with surgery
    c. can cause auditory neuropathy
    d. both a and b
    • Both
    • a. can heal on their own without any treatment
    • b. are repaired with surgery
  22. 22. A leak of fluid from a round window or oval window rupture:
    A. Endolymphatic hydrops
    B. Perilymphatic fistula
    C. Presbycusis
    D. Auditory Neuropathy
    B. Perilymphatic fistula
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. 23. A synchronous signal is not coded by the hearing system:
    A. Tinnitus
    B. Auditory Neuropathy
    C. Conductive hearing loss
    D. Perilymphatic fistula
    B. Auditory Neuropathy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. 24. Vestibular schwannoma tumors are usually unilateral, but bilateral cases sometimes occur in patients with ________________.
    A. Waardenberg syndrome
    B. Pagets Disease
    C. Meniers Disease
    D. Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2)
    D. Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. 25. Hearing loss due to aging:
    A. Meniers Disease
    B. Otosclerosis
    C. Presbycusis
    D. Hypoxia
    C. Presbycusis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. 26. Continued exposure to sounds louder than _______ dB SPL can result in permanent noise induce hearing loss.
    A. 80
    B. 120
    C. 100
    D. 60
    A. 80
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. 27. Initially, meneir’s disease presents with __________________
    A. high-frequency conductive hearing loss
    B. low-frequency sensorineural hearing loss
    C. high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss
    D. low-frequency conductive hearing loss
    B. low-frequency sensorineural hearing loss
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. 28. Hearing loss due to noise exposure initially causes the greatest hearing loss at ________________ , and later spreads to other frequencies as exposure continues.
    A. 4,000 Hz
    B. 8,000 Hz
    C. 2,000 Hz
    D. 1,000 Hz
    A. 4,000 Hz
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. 29. The auditory cortex is located in the __________ lobe.
    A. frontal
    B. temporal
    C. parietal
    D. occipital
    B. temporal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. 30. Wernicke’s area is associated with ______________.
    A. musical analysis
    B. motor control of speech
    C. speech analysis
    D. noise analysis
    C. speech analysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. 31. Broca’s area is associated with ______________.
    A. speech analysis
    B. noise analysis
    C. musical analysis
    D. motor control of speech
    D. motor control of speech
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. 32. Patients with auditory processing disorder have trouble ______________.
    a. hearing soft sounds
    b. with speech understanding in noise
    c. dichotic processing
    d. b and c
    With speech understanding in noise and dichotic processing
  33. True or False

    33. Ear candles are an effective method of cerumen removal.
    34. A father will pass his mitochondrial DNA on to his sons.
    • False
    • False
  34. 35. Genetics are the only cause for congenital hearing loss.

    True or False
    False
  35. Bacterial Meningitis can cause a severe to profound conductive hearing loss.

    True or False
    False
  36. Patients with auditory neuropathy have normal outer hair cell function.

    True or False
    True
  37. Surgical reconstruction of the pinna is relatively quick, and can be completed in a single surgery.

    True or False
    False

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