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what is light green to dark yellow or gray brown (stain)?
discoloration of tetracyclien depends on the _____, ______ of time drug was used, and _____ of drug
t/f tetracycline staining may be generalized only
false! it can be limited to specific parts of the teeth that were developing at the time of administration of the antibiotic
t/f stain types and causes become embeded in decalcified surface enamel
what is used to assess the perio health status of a perio pt?
what is designed to indicate perio status in a rapid and effective manner and motivate pt to seek perio assessment and tx?
PSR (perio screening and recording)
are all _______ carbs
are ______ produced during _____ ______
what does saliva do?
why is xylitol a sugar substitute?
because it is not fermentable by caries promoting bacteria
what is the % of reduction of demineralization due to water fluoridation?
what is needed for caries detection?
- adequate lighting
- sharp eyes
- BLUNT probe
- tri syringe
t/f early caries are usually visible
what happens if you break the white surface of early caries with an instrument?
it prevents it from remineralization
what is a definitive lesion, plan to appoint for restoration?
what is the process by which minerals of tooth structure are dissolved by organic acids produced from fermentable carbs by the acidogenic bacteria?
what is it called when saliva and fluoride provide protective factors?
what are the 5 food groups?
- meat and bean
what vitamins are good for delayed wound healing? 4
- vit a
- vit c
- b2 (riboflavin)
what is needed to prevent spina bifida during pregnancy?
folic acid (folate)
t/f nutritional deficiencies cause perio disease
FALSE! they do NOT
lack of B2, B12, Folic Acid and Iron leads to:
if someone has candidiasis, they may be lacking which 5 vit/minerals?
- vit a
- vit c
if someone has burning tongue, which vitamin/minerals might they be deficient in?
B1, B2, B3, B12, iron
dysguesia may be from which deficiencies?
what is the erosion of enamel and dentin as a result of chemical and mechanical effects due to an eating disorder?
what are the 6 steps of the learning ladder?
- self interest
how will a pellicle stain with an plaque index vs biofilm?
- plaque = thin, clear covering
- biofilm = darker, thicker, more opaque
what are functions of saliva?
- protective in lubrication of membranes, gingiva, teeth
- self cleansing
- protect against anti: bacterial, fungal, viral
- buffering pH control
- aids in speech
- carries antibodies, hormones, enzymes
- data for diagnostic testing
- immunoglobulins, electrolytes, and others resistant to disease
halitosis = ___% systemic and ___% oral
what are some systemic causes of halitosis?
- renal or hepatic failure
- nasal passages
- cirrhosis of liver
- NOT HEART DISEASE
T/F sealants can arrest incipient caries
what are three indications for sealants?
- deep grooves and pits
- incipient caries limited to the enamel
what are the two types of polymerization?
- self (auto)
- light (photopolymerized) UV LIGHT
what are the different filler contents of sealant material? which is the most commonly used?
- filled-MOST COMMON
- fluoride releasing
which etch is used for sealants?
what is the last step of a sealant placement?
check occ and adj
what is the #1 reason for sealant failure?