THEORY II FINAL REVIEW!

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Author:
jackiedh
ID:
82901
Filename:
THEORY II FINAL REVIEW!
Updated:
2011-04-30 23:18:58
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part
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stains
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  1. what is light green to dark yellow or gray brown (stain)?
    tetracycline stain
  2. discoloration of tetracyclien depends on the _____, ______ of time drug was used, and _____ of drug
    • dosage
    • length
    • type
  3. t/f tetracycline staining may be generalized only
    false! it can be limited to specific parts of the teeth that were developing at the time of administration of the antibiotic
  4. t/f stain types and causes become embeded in decalcified surface enamel
    true
  5. what is used to assess the perio health status of a perio pt?
    PSR
  6. what is designed to indicate perio status in a rapid and effective manner and motivate pt to seek perio assessment and tx?
    PSR (perio screening and recording)
  7. sucrose
    glucose
    fructose
    cooked starch
    are all _______ carbs
    fermentable
  8. acetic
    lactic
    formic
    proprionic
    are ______ produced during _____ ______
    • acids
    • sugar
    • digestion
  9. what does saliva do?
    buffer acid
  10. why is xylitol a sugar substitute?
    because it is not fermentable by caries promoting bacteria
  11. what is the % of reduction of demineralization due to water fluoridation?
    40-60%
  12. what is needed for caries detection?
    • adequate lighting
    • sharp eyes
    • BLUNT probe
    • tri syringe
  13. t/f early caries are usually visible
    true
  14. what happens if you break the white surface of early caries with an instrument?
    it prevents it from remineralization
  15. what is a definitive lesion, plan to appoint for restoration?
    cavitation
  16. what is the process by which minerals of tooth structure are dissolved by organic acids produced from fermentable carbs by the acidogenic bacteria?
    demineralization
  17. what is it called when saliva and fluoride provide protective factors?
    remineralization
  18. what are the 5 food groups?
    • grains
    • veggies
    • fruit
    • milk
    • meat and bean
    • (+oils)
  19. what vitamins are good for delayed wound healing? 4
    • vit a
    • vit c
    • zinc
    • b2 (riboflavin)
  20. what is needed to prevent spina bifida during pregnancy?
    folic acid (folate)
  21. t/f nutritional deficiencies cause perio disease
    FALSE! they do NOT
  22. lack of B2, B12, Folic Acid and Iron leads to:
    angular chelitis
  23. if someone has candidiasis, they may be lacking which 5 vit/minerals?
    • vit a
    • folate
    • vit c
    • zinc
    • iron
  24. if someone has burning tongue, which vitamin/minerals might they be deficient in?
    B1, B2, B3, B12, iron
  25. dysguesia may be from which deficiencies?
    • A
    • B1
    • B2
    • B12
    • zinc
  26. what is the erosion of enamel and dentin as a result of chemical and mechanical effects due to an eating disorder?
    perimylolysis
  27. what are the 6 steps of the learning ladder?
    • unawareness
    • awareness
    • self interest
    • involvement
    • action
    • habit
  28. how will a pellicle stain with an plaque index vs biofilm?
    • plaque = thin, clear covering
    • biofilm = darker, thicker, more opaque
  29. what are functions of saliva?
    • protective in lubrication of membranes, gingiva, teeth
    • self cleansing
    • taste
    • digestion
    • protect against anti: bacterial, fungal, viral
    • buffering pH control
    • remineralization
    • aids in speech
    • carries antibodies, hormones, enzymes
    • data for diagnostic testing
    • immunoglobulins, electrolytes, and others resistant to disease
  30. halitosis = ___% systemic and ___% oral
    • 90
    • 10
  31. what are some systemic causes of halitosis?
    • renal or hepatic failure
    • carcinomas
    • diabetes
    • URT
    • nasal passages
    • cirrhosis of liver
    • NOT HEART DISEASE
  32. T/F sealants can arrest incipient caries
    true
  33. what are three indications for sealants?
    • xerostomia
    • deep grooves and pits
    • ortho
    • incipient caries limited to the enamel
  34. what are the two types of polymerization?
    • self (auto)
    • light (photopolymerized) UV LIGHT
  35. what are the different filler contents of sealant material? which is the most commonly used?
    • filled-MOST COMMON
    • unfilled
    • fluoride releasing
  36. which etch is used for sealants?
    phosphoric acid
  37. what is the last step of a sealant placement?
    check occ and adj
  38. what is the #1 reason for sealant failure?
    saliva contamination

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