integumentary system (2)

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integumentary system (2)
2011-05-01 15:13:39
med terms

med terms ch 3
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  1. first degree burn
    a burn involving only epidermis; characterized by erythema (redness) and hyperesthesia (excessive sensation)
  2. second degree burn
    a burn invlving the epidermis and the dermis; characterized by erythema, hyperesthesia, and vesications (blisters)
  3. third degree burn
    a burn involving all layers of the skin; characterized by the destruction of the epidermis and dermis, with damgage or destruction of subcutaneous tissue
  4. dermatitis
    inflammation of the skin characterized by erythema, pruritus (itching) and various lesions
  5. dermatosis
    any disorder of the skin
  6. exanthematous viral disease
    an eruption of the skin caused by a viral disease
  7. rubella
    reddish; german measles
  8. rubeola
    reddish; 14 day measles
  9. varcella
    a tiny spot; chickenpox
  10. exzema
    to boil out; often used interchangeably with dermatitis to denote a skin condition characterized by the appearance of inflamed, swollen papules and vesicles that crust and scale, often with sensations of itching and burning
  11. furuncle
    boil; a painful nodule formed in the skin by inflammation originating in a hair follicle; caused by staphylococcosis
  12. carbuncle
    a skin infection consisting of clusters of furuncles
  13. abscess
    a localized collection of pus in a cavity formed by the inflammation of surrounding tissues, which heals when drained or excised
  14. gangrene
    an eating sore; death of tissue associated with loss of blood supply
  15. herpes simplex virus type 1 (hsv-1)
    transient viral vesicles that infect the facil area, especially the mouth and nose
  16. herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2)
    sexually transmitted, ulcer-like lesions of the genital and anorecal skin and mucosa; after initial infection, the virus dormant in the nerve cell root and may recur at times of stress
  17. herpes zoster
    a viral disease affecting the peripheral nerves characterized by painful blisters that spread over the skin following affected nerves, usually unilateral; alsoknown as shingles
  18. impetigo
    a highly contagious, bacterial skin inflammation marked by pustules that rupture and become crusted, most often around the mouth and nostrils
  19. keratoses
    thickened areas of epidermis
  20. actinic keratoses
    localized thickening of the skin caused by excessive exposure to sunlight, a known precursor to cancer
  21. seborrheic karatoses
    benign, wart-like tumors; more common on elderly skin
  22. lupus
    a chornic autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of various parts of the body
  23. cutaneous lupus
    limited to the skin; evidence by a characteristic rash, especially on the face,, neck and scalp
  24. systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
    a more severe form of lupus involving the skin, joints and often vital organs
  25. malignant cutaneous neoplasm
    skin cancer
  26. squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)
    malignant tumor of the squamous epithelium
  27. basal cell carcinoma (BCC)
    malignant tumor of the basal layer of the epidermis; the most common type of skin cancer
  28. malignant melanoma
    malignant tumor composed of melanocytes
  29. Kaposi sarcoma
    malignant tumor of the walls of blood vessels, appearing as painless, dark bluish-purple plaques on the skin; often spreads to the lymph nodes and internal organs; commonly seen in patients with HIV/AIDS
  30. onychia
    inflammation of the fingernail or toenail
  31. paronychia
    inflammation of the nail fold
  32. pediculosis
    infesation with lice that causes itching and dermatitis
  33. pediculosis capitis
    head lice
  34. pediculosis pubis
    lice that generally infect the pubic region and sometimes also hair of the axilla, eyebrows, eyelashes, beard, or other hairy body surfaces; also called crabs
  35. psoriasis
    itching; a chronic, recurrent skin disease marked by silvery scales covering red patches, papules, and/ or plaques on the skin that result from overproduction and thickening of the skin cells; common sites of involvement are the elbows, knees, genitals, arms, legs, scalp, and nails
  36. scabies
    a contagious disease caused by a parasite that invades he skin, causing an intese itch, most often at articulations between the fingers or toes, elbow etc
  37. seborrhea
    a skin condition marked by the hypersecretion of sebum from the sebaceous glands
  38. tinea
    a group of fungal skin diseases identified by the body part affected, including tinea corporis, commonly called ringworm, and tinea pedis, also caleld athletes foot
  39. vitiligo
    a condition caused by the destruction of melanin that results in the appearance of white patches on the skin