Bio 112 Lab Practical Final

Card Set Information

Bio 112 Lab Practical Final
2011-05-01 17:49:28
Biology Lab

Lab Practical Final Biology 112
Show Answers:

  1. Define Evolution:
    The Proces by which this incredible diversity of mammals ( and all the other living and extinct species) came to exist
  2. Define Population:
    A group of individuals of the same spcies occupying a given area.
  3. Define Species:
    One or more populations that closely resemble each other, interbreed under natural conditions, and produce fertile offspring
  4. Define Natural Selection
    The difference in survival and reproduction that occurs among individuals of a population that differ in one or more alleles
  5. Example of Evolutionairy "Arms Race"
    • Newt
    • -Skin Toxins
    • Snake
    • -Ability to handle the toxicity of the Newts Skin
  6. When was the Formation of Earth
    4.6 BYA
  7. Formation of 1st Life
    (Prokaryotic Cells)
    3.8 BYA
  8. Formation of 1st Hominid Ancestors:
    6 MYA
  9. Formation of 1st Homo Sapiens:
    2.5 MYA
  10. Years of Paleozoic Era
    542 to 251 MYA
  11. Years of Mesozoic Era
    251 to 65.5 MYA
  12. Skull Characteristics
    Primative Vs. Advanced
    • Primative
    • Many Large, Specialized
    • Advanced
    • Fewer, Smaller, Less Specialized
  13. Skull Characteristics
    Primative Vs. Advanced
    Primative- Jaw and Muzazle Long

    Advanced- Jaw and Muzzle Short
  14. Skull Characteristics
    Primative Vs. Advanced
    Primative- Cranium Small, Forehead receding

    Advanced- Cranium large, prominent vertical forehead
  15. Skull Characteristics
    Muscle Attachments
    Primative Vs. Advanced
    Primitive- Prominent Eyebrow ridges and Cranial Keel (ridge)

    Advanced- Muche reduced eyebrow ridges, no keel
  16. Skull Characteristics
    Primative Vs. Advanced
    Primative- Nose not protruding from face

    Advanced Prominent nose with distinct bridge
  17. Define Taxonomy:
    The science of classificatgion and nomenclature.
  18. Put Following Classification in Order (Most General to Most Specific)
    Kingdom Animalie,Species, Specific Epithet,Class Mammalia, Family Hominidae, Order Primates, Genus, Phylum Chordata
    Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Chordata, Class Mammalia, Order, Family, Genus, Specific Epithet, Species
  19. The Kingdom Bacteria Consist of ?
    Bacteria ( Heterotrophic) and Cyanobacteria (Autotrophic)
  20. Bacteria can be described as?
    Prokaryotic organisms, unbound by a membrane, Lack Organelles.
  21. Define Pathogens:
    Bacteria that cause plant and animal diseases
  22. Bacteria 3 Shapes Include:
    Coccus- Sphercal

    Bacillus- Rod

    Spirillum- Sprial
  23. Cyanobacteria Posses which quality?
    Photosynthesies and nitrogen fixation
  24. Phylum Stramenopila AKA ?
    Water Molds
  25. Water Molds or Oomycotes Include which biological funtions and make up?
    • Hypha- Basic fungal body
    • Mycelium- The collective Hypha\
    • Zoosporangia- Asexual Reproduction
  26. Phylum Amoebozo AKA?
    Slime Molds
  27. Identify Water Mold Parts
    Oogonium With Zygotes
  28. Identify This Slime Mold Parts
    Sporangia of Plasmodial Slime Mold
  29. Identify the Phylum
    Phlum Ciliata
  30. All Apicomplexans are?
  31. Phlum Euglenozoa have one or more of these to provide motility?
  32. Two Parasites in the Euglenozoan Phylum that cause disease
    Trypansoma- African Sleeping Sickness

    Trichonmpha- Sexual Transmitted Disease
  33. Name this Phylum
    Phylum Amoebozoa
  34. Phagocytosis can be described as?
    Feeding process executed by Amoeba
  35. This species includes an Eyespot, Flagellum, chlorpast (within cytoplasm), and Storage Granule.?
  36. Name this Phylum
    Phylum Euglenozoa
  37. Phylum Chrysophyt AKA?
  38. This Phylum is responsible for Dying the Seas Red and in return devestate fish populations because of neurotoxins?
    Phylum Dinoflagellata
  39. Name this Phylum
    Phylum Dinoflagellata
  40. Phylum Rhodophyta is AKA?
    Red Algae
  41. Phylum Phaeophyta is AKA?
    Brown Algae
  42. Name the Structure
    Volvox with Autocolonies
  43. Identify the Structure
    Oedogonium with Gametangia
  44. Phylum Charaphyta Include which species
    Desmids and Stonworts
  45. Identify Phylum & Sub Phylum
    Phylum- Charophyta

    Subphylum- Stonwart / Chara
  46. Identify Fungi Phyla
    Phylum Zygomycota W/ Zygospore and Zygosporangium
  47. Identify Structure
  48. Identify Structure
  49. Identify Structure
  50. Identify Phylum
    Phylum Hepatophyta - Liverworts
  51. Identify Phylum
    Bryophyta - Mosses
  52. Identify Phylum
    Phylum Lycophyta - Club Mosses
  53. Identify Phylum & SubPhylum
    Phylum Moniliophyta, SubPhylum Psilophyta
  54. Identify Phylum & SubPhylum
    Phylum Moniliophyta, SubPhylum Pterophyta
  55. Identify Structure
    SubPhyla Pterophyta Gametophyte W/ attached sporophyte
  56. Identify Phylum & Subphylum
    Phylum Moniliophyta, Subphylum Sphenophyta
  57. Identify Structure
    Pollen Grains within Microsporangium
  58. General Parts of Flower
  59. Two Body Forms of Cnidarians
  60. Identify Class of Cnidarian
  61. Phylum Platyhelminthes is AKA?
    Flatworms - Including Tapeworms
  62. Identify Phylum
    Phylum Platyhelminthes
  63. Identify Phylum
    Phylum Rotifera
  64. Phylum Annelida is AKA
    Earthworm/ Annelids
  65. Phylum Mullusca include which 3 Classes?
    • Bivalves
    • Gastropoda
    • Cephalopoda
  66. Phylum Nemotoda is AKA
  67. Identify this Phylum
    Phylum Nematoda
  68. Which Phylum do these Belong To?
    Phylum Nematoda
  69. Phylum Arthropoda 4 related Classes?
    • Crustaceans- Shrimps, lobsters, crabs, crayfish
    • Hexapoda- Insects
    • Chelicerata- Spiders, horsehoe Crabs, Scorpions
  70. Identify the Phylum
    Phylum Echinodermata
  71. 4 Characteristic of all Chordates
    • Notochord
    • Pharyngeal Gill Slits
    • Dorsal Hollow Nerve Cord
    • Postanal Tail
  72. Identify Phylum
    Phylum Cephalaspidomorphi
  73. Identify Class
    Class Chondrichthyes
  74. Identify Vertebrate Class
    Class Osteichthyes
  75. Identify Class
    Class Amphibia
  76. Identify Class
    Class Reptilia
  77. Identify Class
    Class Aves