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Health is a complete state of...
Physical, mental, and social well-being
The condition of being unequal in age, rank, or degree
Health Psychology is the study of...
Psychological influences on how people stay healthy, why they become ill, and how they respond when they do
Demographic factors that affect health behaviors
Younger, more affluent, better-educated people with low stree an high levels of social support VS higher levels of stress with fewer resources in lower socioeconomic classes
The main causes of health disparities are...
General health, specific beliefs about vulnerability to a particular disorder, and beliefs about the consequences of the disorder
Structural barriers to health care include...
Color barriers language barriers, and immigrant/undocumented status
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2004) discussion on what makes quality health care
Effectiveness, safety, timeliness, patient centeredness, and equity
Ways to help solve health disparities include...
- Helping ethnic minorities take part in their own treatment decisions
- Increasing the number of minorities in the health care field
- Training existing health care professionals to be culturally competent
How much money is funded for Sickle Cell Anemia (a promonent and life threatening disease among Af. Americans) versus that of Cystic Fibrosis (a less lethal disease found primarily among white individuals)?
$95 million for SCA but $117 million (23% more) for Cystic Fibrosis
What does DSM stand for and what is it used for?
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: is the primary reference manual used in all mental health fields to classify mental disorders
How does culture influence one's mental health?
People from different cultures may experience the same disorder but may experience and describe their symptoms in a very different way
What are culture-bound syndromes?
Disorders that tend to occur in certain cultures
The current rate of a particular disorder at a given point in time
The number of new cases of a disorder diagnosed in a given period of time
The number of cases of a disorder that occur during one's lifetime
What is the most common lifetime disorder according to the ECA?
What are some mental health issues of American Indians?
Depression, suicide, and alcoholism
What are the gender differences in mental disorders?
There are no overall differences in the rates of mental disorder between the sexes but women have higher rates of depression and anxiety; men have higher rates of substance abuse and antisocial disorders.
Eating realted problems among ethnic groups include...
- Anorexia Nervosa (extreme weight lose) and Bulimia Nervosa (bingeing and purging)
- Are more prevalent among white women than other ethnic monorities
Why are eating disorders on the rise in non U.S. cultures?
Increased exposure of western standards of beauty through the media and being adopted through acculturation
Why is there an underutilization of mental health services?
Ethnic minorities are less likely to seek help for mental health disorders
What are culture-bound values?
Core beliefs of one culture that relate principally to that culture and may be inappropriate for another culture
The ability to work and be effective with individuals who are of a different culture from yours
What are the areas of multicultural competence?
Counselor awareness of own values and biases: beign aware that his/her own attitudes may be heavily influenced by his/her own culture and maybe different from those of a person with whom he/she is interacting
Understanding the client's worldview: other cultures may have ways of seeing and interpreting the world that are different from his/her own
Developing culturally appropriate intervention strategies and techniques: knowing how to apply his/her knowledge about someone else's worldview to behaviors that appropriately take into account that knowledge effecting positive change
The fact that the world is getting smaller and smaller everyday becasie of increased mobility and technology that allow us to travel and communicate with people all over the world in an instant
The 5 D's of difference
- Distancing: avoiding situations where you would feel different
- Denial: pretending that differences don't exist
- Defensiveness: defending oneself from pain and fear
- Devaluing: evaluating a difference from oneself as unimportant
- Discovery: embracing differences and seeking opportunities to gain familiarity
The 3 S's of similarity
- Simple: it's easy to stick with the familiar
- Safe: it feels comfortable to stick with the familiar
- Sane: being around others who are similar makes us feel normal
Summarize one of the Experiencing Diversity presentations (not your own).
Perlin's presentation about being a one armed individual for a day. She deprived herself the use of one arm. She found it too difficult to take a shower with one arm, so she cheated. Her friends were being overly helpful and even teasing her. In all, she spent 7 hours as an individual with a disability. I decided to try the same thing after the presentation while I was at school. I went to the JSAC for lunch and found it INCREDIBLY taxing to order a meal from the grill, get my drink from the drink dispenser, and to carry it all to the register with one arm and try to pay for it with cash while trying to get a few napkins. I needed two of my friends to assist me until we sat down. Even eating was difficult (I had a cheeseburger). I only lasted about 30mins. I could not imagine going 7 hours, or even the rest of my life in such a way.