The subcutaneous hemorrhages associated with several diseases are called
Which fo the following causitive agents of bacterial meningitis is normally a member of the vaginal microbiota in many women?
All of the following are true statements concerning botulism except
death occurs from paralysis of the diaphragm
botulism toxin is the deadliest toxin known
transmission can be rpevented by destruction of clostridium endospores
it is not always a true infection
Which is the most liekly manner in which legionella pneumophila is transmitted?
from contaminated water supplies as aerosolized mist
90% of cases of viral meningitis are caused by
A mild form of pneumonia called walking pneumonia is associated with bacterial infections caused by..
List 3 facts about TB
Multi-drug-resistant strains have emerged
It produces mycolic acid, which protects the bacterium from host defenses
It causes tubercles to from that calcify
What are 2 characteristics of the influenza vius?
Undergoes antigenic shift and drift
Different serotypes are based on surface proteins
Which fo the following is associated with Yersinia pestis infections?
____infection leads to bloody diarrhea
______Infection leads to invasion and inflammation
Tetanus toxin acts by
causing muscles to contract constantly
Which of the following is the most correct treatments for rabies
Bacterial endocarditis results in...
Chronic lyme disease has the following symptoms:
Tularemia is mostly associated with bites from
Diptheria toxin kills cells by interfering with which fo the following processes?
All of the following are true statemtns concernign inhalation anthrax:
It is the most severe form of anthrax
It is transmitted by endospores
An effective vaccine is available
Limiting exposure to rodents and their waste materials is an important means of controlling
hantavirus pulmonary yndrome
Develops 48 hours after hospital
exhibits red hepatization
community acquired pneumonia
can have a purulent sputum
community acquired pneumonia
Is most often caused by staph aureus
Urease is an important virulence factor of what?
The ultimate complication associated with genital warts is
Dental carries begins witih the production of what by the causitive agent?
What is responsible for more than 90% of UTIs?
What disease is cahracterized by foul-smelling, yellow-green vaginal discharge?
Caused by shigella species
has the characteristic of rice-water diarrhea
caused by salmonella enteric typhi
What type of diarrhea is most common?
will enteric diarrhea contain blood?
Why are cold viruses prevented fro infecting most areas of the body?
because they are either too hot or too acidic
Otitis media is more common in children than adults because of differnces in the anatomy of the head
this is true
What causes otitis media?
typically, normal microbiota
What is a key factor in knwing if one has food poisening due to an intoxication of an infection?
Is the effect of botulism and tetanus toxins similar to one another?
viral and bacterial meningitis are ...
different in severity
How is CMV infection diagnosed?
through the presence of inclusion bodies
Brucellosis is also known as...
How are arboviruses spread?
How are hep A, B, and C transmitted?
A: fecal oral
What are the three types of botulism
infant, oral, food poisening
4 types of polio infections
non-paralytic: muscle stiffness
asymptomatic: no symptoms
post-polio: muscle degeneration
What are the effects of infectious endocarditis?
Bacteria acuires in the heart
This stimulates the immune response
Then there's growth of vegetation which can dislodge and case a clot