BIo

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Author:
ambies1
ID:
83052
Filename:
BIo
Updated:
2011-05-02 00:13:45
Tags:
BIO
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Description:
Urinay system
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  1. Concentrated urine is produced at the _______ and the collecting duct?

    A) glomerlus
    B) DCT
    C) nephron
    D) PCT
    C) nephron
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. ______ is conserved almost as stingily as water in the urinary system?

    A) nitrogen
    B) calcium
    C) salt
    D) ammonia
    C) salt
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Individuals who need a kidney transplant usually undergo an artificial treatment called _________ until a kidney can be obtained?

    A) catheter
    B) dialysis
    C) urinalysis
    D) blood transfusions
    B) dialysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Kidneys not only clean the blood but also produce hormones that regulate the concentration of calcium and formed elements in the blood.

    A) true
    B) false
    A) true
  5. Control of the internal and external urethral sphincter muscles is involuntary.

    a) true
    b) false
    a) false
  6. ADH increase urine volume.

    a) true
    b) false
    b) decrease
  7. Kidneys are found in the posterior portion of the abdominal cavity.

    a) true
    b) false
    a) true
  8. Blood leaves the kidneys through the ________.

    A) renal artery
    B) arcuate vein
    C) renal vein
    D) renal cortex
    C) Renal vein
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Reabsorption of water, bicarbonate ions, glucose, amino acids, and sodium occur in the ______.

    A) DCT
    B) Renal cortex
    C) PCT
    D) Glomerlus
    C) PCT
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The distance from the exterior to the bladder is ______ in females resulting in ______ urinary tract infections.

    A) Longer and more
    B) Shorter and more
    C) Longer and fewer
    D) Shorter and fewer
    B) Shorter and more
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Nephrons are encircled by _______ that provide the link between the urinary and cardiovascular systems?

    A) arteriole
    B) ateries
    C) veins
    D) capillaries
    D) capillaries
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Substances that are not reabsorbed in the PCT?

    A) Enter the nephron loop
    B) Enter the lumen of the nephron
    C) Enter the glomerlus
    B) Enter the lumen of the nephron
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The filtering units of the kidneys are called ________?

    A) renal pyramids
    B) renal pelvis
    C) renal pyramids
    D) nephrons
    D) nephrons
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Nephrons are encircled by _______ that provide the link between the urinary and cardiovascular systems?

    A) arteriole
    B) arteries
    C) veins
    D) capillaries
    D) capillaries
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The composition of glomerular filtrate includes nitrogenous waste and _______?

    a) salts
    b) water
    c) nutrients
    d) all of the above
    e) none of the above
    d) all of the above
  16. Urine formation begins in the ___________?

    A) renal medulla
    B) nephrons
    C) glomerulus
    D) renal pyramids
    C) glomerulus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Tubular reabsorption recycles ______ to the blood?

    a) ions
    b) water
    c) organic compounds
    d) all of the above
    e) none of the above
    d) all of the above
  18. The ______ allows for final adjustments in the composition of urine:

    A) glomerulus
    B) DCT
    C) PCT
    D) nephron
    C) PCT
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. _______ incontinence is the leaking of urine during physical exertion?

    A) urge
    B) overlow
    C) stress
    C) stress
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. The __________ carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder?

    A) urethra
    B) urter
    C) nephrons
    D) glomerulus
    B) ureter
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Which of the following is not a specific function of the urinary system

    A) maintenance of red blod cell levels
    B) production of urine
    C) maintenance of blood pH
    D) maintenance of blood volume
    B) production of urine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The sequence of blood vessels through the kidneys is

    A) renal vein-> renal artery-> peritubular capillaries-> interlobular veins
    B) renal artery-> afferent arteriole-> efferent arteriole-> peritubular capillaries-> renal vein
    C) renal artery-> efferent arteriole-> peritubular capillaries-> interlobular artery-> renal vein
    D) renal artery-> peritubular capillaries-> efferent arteriole-> afferent arteriole-> renal vein
    B) renal artery-> afferent arteriole-> efferent arteriole-> peritubular capillaries-> renal vein
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Most of the filtered water, and hopefully all of the filtered glucose, is returned to the bloodstream at the

    A) PCT
    B) loop of Henle
    C) DCT
    D) collecting duct
    A) PCT
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Kidney stones are formed when

    A) too much calcium rich foods are consumed
    B) overly dilute urine is produced
    C) kidney failure is experienced
    D) overly concentrated urine is produced
    A) too many calcium rich foods are consumed
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. The urethra of females carries both urine and reproductive fluids

    a) true
    b) false
    b) false
  26. Dilute urine is produced when

    A) ADH is absent
    B) water is removed from the collecting ducts
    C) solutes are added to the forming urine
    D) ADH is present
    A) ADH is absent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. If you drink more water than you need, _______ will be secreted and you will lose water through the urinary system.

    A) Aldosterone
    B) both ANP and aldosterone
    C) ADH
    D) ANP
    A) aldosterone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Both caffeine and alcohol serve as diuretics, causing the production of copious dilute urine.

    a) true
    b) false
    a) true
  29. The compound most important in driving respiration rates and debt of breathing is:

    A) bicarbonate ions
    B) carbon dioxide
    C) hydrogen ions
    D) oxygen
    B) carbon dioxide
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Urinalysis is able to detect all of the following except:

    A) vitamin supplement
    B) viral infection
    C) metabolic kidney disorders
    D) illegal drug use
    B) viral infection
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. If a physician want to remove excess potassium from the blood, she or he must include a ______ of potassium in the dialysis fluid than the level that occurs in the blood.

    a) higher level
    b) lower level
    b) lower level
  32. The inability to prevent urine leakage

    A) incontinence
    B) nitrogenous waste
    C) solutes
    D) dialysis
    A) incontinence
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Ring of voluntary skeletal muscle that closes the urethra

    A) microvilli
    B) external sphincter muscle
    C) casts
    D) facilitated diffusion
    B) external sphincter muscle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Ring of involuntary smooth muscle that keeps the urethra closed

    A) nephrons
    B) internal urethral sphincter
    C) peritubular capillaries
    D) peritonium
    B) internal urethral sphincter
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Osmotic pressure of a solution.

    A) internal urethral sphincter
    B) osmolarity
    C) external sphincter muscles
    D) incontinence
    B) osmolarity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Capillaries that surround the nephron

    A) internal urethral sphincter
    B) peritubular capillaries
    C) peritoneum
    D) nephrons
    B) peritubular capillaries
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. The filtering unit of the kidney

    A) external sphincter muscle
    B) nephron
    C) secreted
    D) incontinence
    B) nephron
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Membrane lining the abdominal cavity

    A) osmolarity
    B) peritoneum
    C) incontinence
    D) secreted
    B) peritoneum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Small structures formed by mineral or fat deposits on the walls of the renal tubules

    A) casts
    B) microvilli
    C) facilitated diffusion
    D) solutes
    A) casts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. A chemical componud composed of calsium ions bound to the oxalate ion (CSO42-).
    Calcium oxalate
  41. Substance dissolved in a solvent
    solute
  42. Substance exchange via difussion across a membrane, artifically mimiking the kidney.
    dialysis
  43. In this sense, actively transported from the blood to the filtrate
    secreted
  44. Small hairlike folds of the cell membrane that increase the cell's surface area for aborption
    microvilli
  45. Compounds containing nitrogen, such as urea, that are produced during protein metabolism
    Nitrogenous waste
  46. Movement of substance across a membrane from high concentration to low with the assistance of a carrier molecule
    facilitated diffusion

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