Pope Gregory VII/Gregorian Reform
- When: 1073-1085
- Where: Germany
- What/why: Pope VS King/emperor-who has the right to annoint bishops/who's more powerful? (Henry IV VS Gregory VII) , investiture conflict, solved by concordat of Worms, emperor loses but he is allowed to be present, effects: serpation of church and state and pope gains power, Germany king's power diminishes, german princes gain power
- Readings: "Letters relating to Gregory VI, Henry IV, and German Bishops"